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Thomas Campbell's Civil War Diaries, 1862-1865

Part 6 of 6

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                                           Sunday Jan 1st 1865

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Weather fine. and bracing.  a real seasonable New Years day.  it pa ss'd off very quietly. a deserter told a story to the effect that Lee.inten ded to open upon(sic) us.with every piece he could bring to bear.and thus usher in the New Year but I suppose he thot it would not waste so much pow der.  went over to Div hospt.  had 2 or 3 N.Y.[I think this is New Year not New York] with the Stewards.  after supper,went to our Q.Ms quar ters,and kept N.Y.  pass'd a plea sant Div H.Q.  they had a high time generally.

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                          Monday Jan 2d

Slight firing during the night to our right.  considerable snow fell during the night. melted dur ing the day. Sergt Voorhees came up to the regt. he looks well.  he has had a good time of it since July last,in the hospt.  Butlers expedi tion to Wilmington.looks very much like a failure. part of the fleet has returned to For. Monroe [p 154, book 6]

                   Tuesday & Wednesday 3 & 4th

Nothing of importance has occur'd during the last 2 days  all very quiet.  nothing of importance from Sherman or Hood.  the weather has been cold and blustery accompanied with a slight fall of snow.

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                       65 Thursday Jan 5th

Weather cool light frost dur ing the night.  the rebs have ad vanced their picket front of our Corp.   Lieut Sells goes home in a few days.  his resignation having been accepted.  Lieut Bow ling is also.out of the service.  he has been on detach'd duty,for the last year.  Col Ball has put in another resignation.  he ex pects to go home in a few days  so it goes.  there will be none of the old Officers left, in a short while.

                                                Friday 6th Jan

It has raind heavily all day with cold high wind.  Moor[Moore] and Frends[Friend] both of Co I. were taken to the guard house for desertion.    they left  us at [155, book 6] Baltimore.  they were return'd to the regt a short time ago  5 more unfortunates have suf fer'd death by hanging and shoo ting today.for desertion.  poor fellows.  they suffer'd justly tho.  a man who will desert his not to be pitied

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                                              Saturday Jan 7th

The weather to day has been very cold.  Dr Bryant went home on the 2d.  got a letter from Mag.  all well at home.  about 1000 boxes came to our Corp.  I was over at DivH.Q.  the provo Mar open'd every box.  anything in the shape of ardent was con fiscated.for the benefit of the Corp hospt.(or so he said)  devil a drop will ever find its way there.  they will have many a good spree  tis a damd take the boys things.  other little things that take their fancy.find their way to their quarters, but then it has to be submit ted to.however humiliating it may be. [p 156, book 6] 65 Sunday Jan 8th

During the night it froze pre tty keenly.  weather very fine sun shining brightly all day  wrote to Mag. 4 deserters came into our lines.opposite to our regt.  they were rather thinly clad  well they will get plenty of rations if they are confined

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                          Monday Jan 9th

About day break the Johnnies made a dash on our picket line opposite the 2d Div.  the vidette[vedette] saw them crawling up.  he sent word to the reserve,who laid down behind the fire, and waited tell the Johns rose up to charge when they blazed away at them  14 were brot in.besides quite a number were kill'd and wou nded.  the boot was on the other lef this time. weather pleasant like Indian summer.  got our shebang fix'd up,table & shelves for bottles etc etc.

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                                              Tuesday Jan 10th

It commenced to rain about midnight and has continued all day.  the wind at times was very high. our regt went out on picket  the country outside the cover'd with [p 157, book 6] water from 6 inches to a couple of feet in some places.  Lieut Col home on leave.  Capt Barger was dismiss'd the service in disgrace.for cowardice before the enemy. he left for Winchester on the morning of Cedar Creek*battl*[crossed out] (he had leave) after the fight com menced. his resignation had been accepted, but he had not been paid off.when this charge was brot against. when it was revoked.  Old Billy is death on either officer or man who shows the white feather, tho I think, he shut his eyes when Cushing or Jim Sells were round.  tis one of his failings

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                                            Wednesday Jan 11th

About 12 Oclock Col Ball came to our tent and woke up Harry Marshall.and gave him his furlough and sign'd it.  he goes home for 20 days.  tis not many Colonels who would get up out of bed at midnight to oblidge a private. the wind blew hard all night.  weather fine to day  Harry started at 6.  I hope he may have a good time  the Col told me today that he expected to get home in a few days. [p 158, book 6]

                        Thursday Jan 12th

It froze during the night sun shining all day, weather very fine. Butler has been relieved, and sent home. Dutch Gap,and Wilmington kill'd him.  Capt Gibson of our regt was one of 6 who were lost, in the bay,by collision of a schoo ner.  he had been home on leave of absence.and was retruning to the regt.  he rose from the ranks.  he was a good officer and much respected.  Capt Black has been honorably discharg'd.on account of his wounds.  got a letter from Mag  matters dont move very smoothly what with Kates perverse cursed temper,and her struggles to make ends meet.  she has a hard time poor lafs.  Pat it seems is treating her mother coolly.  I will settle with them if I ever get home

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Friday Jan 13

Weather beautiful.  Tuck went over to the Div hospt.on duty tis not a permanent detail  Billy went over a day or two ago.regularly detail'd as nur se.  wrote to Mag.  all very quiet little or no picket firing [p 159, book 6]

                                             Saturday Jan 14th

Weather fine.  wind rather high  Dr Childs has return'd.  Dr Hous ton has put in for leave of absence Capt Gibson was turn'd up.  he came up this morning.  bully for him. Col Ball's resignation was return'd dispproved, but accompanied by an order confer ing upon him the rank.of Brig Genl, by brevet.  I am glad to hear it a braver officer there is not in the service.  he has been with the regt in every scrape it has been in, Zanesville has Brig Genl, and a Major Genl(Leggett) in the service.  not withstanding his promotion he again sent in a request that he may be discharg'd.  an order has been received.directing that 5 per cent of the men.and 20 per cent of officers may be furlough'd.  a good move truly.  peace rumors are flying round thickly.  Blair has arrived in Richmond.  Step hens. of Georgia. is at or expected at City Point on the part of the rebs.  gold has fallen.  why(sic) knows but something may come of it.

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                         Sunday Jan 15th

Froze hard during the night. weather fine, but cool.  heavy cannona ding to our right, the first time for a week.  Lieut Col Granger [p 160, book 6] has been breveted.Col. to date from Oct 19.for services up the valley.  some good has come out of Nazereth(sic). Seymour has issued an order that no officer or private in our Div. can get any liquor from the Commisary.without his first signing the order.  it twoud be well if the rule was universal  it is the curse of the army.  nothing definite from Sherman or Thomas

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                                               Monday Jan 16th

Weather fine.  ground frozen hard.  heavy cannonading has been intervals all afternoon  during last night our boys who were on picket heard considerable stir in the reb tho they were moving troops.  tis rumor'd they are mafsing on the 2d Corp. they are under receive them, if they attack they will run against a snag.  no impor tant news in the papers.  26 des erters came in thro the line picket by our Brig.during last night & to day.

                         Tuesday Jan 17th

Weather seasonable. slight sprin kle of snow.  6 deserters came in [p 161, book 6] this morning bringing their guns & accoutrements.  they came in of(sic) the picket line.  one man was shot on the picket line.  he belonged to the 1st Ohio Bat. everything pass'd off quietly last night. a salute was fired at noon today.for the capture of Fort Fisher.  the papers dont men tion anything about it, the dispatch was sent from City Point. if so Butler is dead as a dutch devil in a military point of view.  I hope tis true. I scarcely believe it

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                        Wednesday Jan 18th

There was considerable firing on the picket line in our front all night.  15 deserters came in at daylight.thro the 9 N.Y. the regt on our right.  working parties have been out every night for the last week, throwing up Chapeaux au drief(sic) [?]. long pointed stakes driven into the ground in front of the picket line.  these are now 3 rows between the rebs and our breastworks. twell be a hard road to travel if ever they attempt it.  they extend the whole length of our Corp.  Chaplin Huston has got home. [p 162, book 6]

                                             Thursday Jan 19th

25 more of our deluded Southern brethern.return'd to Abrahams bosom early this morning.  they came in thro our Brig.  weather cool and dull.  Capt Rofs has been breveted Major. Seymour is out in a long letter in the Phil Enquirer defending Genl Butler, and tries to prove that Fort Fisher could not be taken except by siege.  on the heels of its publication comes the glorious news.that it has fallen.  so much for his mil itary critisiom(sic).  I dare but any amount that his head falls into the basket as soon as Grantreads it. his epitaph will be, kill'd by Fort Fisher.

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                         Friday Jan 20th

Dr. Houston started home this morning on 29 days leave.  Dr Ric hards will attend to the regt in his absence.  weather fine.  sun shin ing all day.  our regt came off pic ket this forenoon.  4 Johns came over about 12 Oclock last night  they came in to Co I. Bill King [p 163, book 6] bade them welcome.back to the true fold.  the papers give the par ticulars of Fort Fisher.  2500 prisoners and 72 pieces of cannon.  our lofs was heavy 900.kill'd and wounded  after the fort was taken a maga zine exploded accidentally & kill'd & wounded 200 of our men.  tis rumor'd that Wil mington has fallen.  heavy can nonading has been heard to our right, supposed to be a salute for its fall.  so it goes.  they will not have a leg to stand on soon.

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                                             Saturday Jan 21st

It commenced to rain about 4 in the morning.and continued to rain heavily till 6 in the evening, and free zing as it fell.  it has been a miserable day.  about 100 deserters came in thro the lines of the 2d Corp.4 came in thro the 110 Ohio.just before dark  Lem[?] found a young fellow lying near our horses, dead drunk.  we brot him into our quarters, thaw'd him out strip'd him.and put him in my bed.

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                                                Sunday Jan 22d

About daylight he awoke and ask'd where he was.  he belong'd to the 2d NY H.A. in the 2d  Corp.  he was grateful indeed, for our kindnefs. had he [p 164, book 6] laid out.he would have been froze(sic) to death.  he was a fine looking young fellow.  his brother was going home on furlough.  he had accom panied him to the train. they had a canteen of whisky,and the sad results follow'd.  I think it will cure him.  Dr Bryant came up this afternoon.  he looks first rate  he was a week on the road.

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                                                Monday Jan 23d

It commenced to rain early in the morning and continued nearly all day.  tis mud mud everywhere  Dr Bryant had a box of creature comforts at the station  Lem & Wes, brot it up.and hand trunk  butter, maple molafses cakes apples etc etc.  gladden'd our hearts.  about dark heavy cannonading was heard.  I judged about 3 miles to our right.

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                                             Tuesday Jan 24 th

During the night it froze slightly  all night the booming of the heavy cannon.was heard in the direction of Dutch Gap.  it ceased about daylight  all sorts of rumors are afloat.  the pon toon bridge of the rebs broke loose and for ced the gun boats from their anchorage when they drifted.within range of our [p 165, book 6] batteries, they ran 4 of them thro the Gap.and got within 7 miles of City Point.  2 of them have blockaded the Gap.  our batteries have disabled 2  blown up one and captured  another.and so on Ad Infinitum.  there is some thing up. what we dont know

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                                              Wednesday Jan 25

It froze hard during the night,with high wind, sun shining all day, but very cold.  last night the firing was heavier than the previous one.  we all feel anxious to learn something about it.  no papers to day all quiet

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Weather still cool, freezing hard  still no papers.  the mail comes up regularly so far.  thats up(sic) we don't get papers.  news contraband I suppose. afraid the boys will exchange with the Johnnies.

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                                               Friday Jan 27th

Weather cool all quiet.  not a shot was fired on the picket line last night.  got a paper of Wed nesday. Blair and peace rum ors.occupy the public mind.  162 pieces were taken at Fort Fis her and the surroundings.  they eva cuated Forts Caswell & Campbell tis reported they  have.left Wil [p 166, book 6] mington.and set fire to all the cotton, but our boys were near save the most of it.  nothing definite from Sherman  Tom Little who was hurt when we left Winchester.has been discharg'd.  I am glad of it.  he was not fit for service.  got a letter from Mag.  she is still unwell, but writes in tolerable spirits.  Frank Rennisin[?] is in Zville  I wonder if he intends to settle.

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Saturday 28 Jan.

To day has been the coldest day of the season.  sent a letter to Mag by Hen Rager who starts for home in the morning.  no papers.  there is some move on hand.  so far we have not been able to learn the results of the heavy firing on Tuesday & Wednes day nights.

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                          Sunday Jan 29

Rager started this morning George Lloyd went with him.  weather mil der than yesterday, but still cold. Cornyn.has returnd he has mou nted the silver leaf.  I expect he will be Col before long.  Dr Bryant Wes & Lem went over to the 13th Ohio Cav.  they are stationd about [p 167, book 6] 2 miles from here.  the Surg of the regt is Bryants brother in law  Lem has some relations in the regt and Wes a number of old chums  Hen & Gribben came over from Div hospt.  Hen brought some oysters and pigs feet.  had the oysters fry'd the first I ever tasted.cookd in that fashion.  had a jolly blowout

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                                               Monday Jan 30th

The chaplin came up about 11 O clock last night.  he looks well & is almost *as*[crossed out] stout again.  he brot me a letter.  Mag has got discharge on the brain again.  how strange after all I have said & written on the subject.  Chris Bauers & Mc Cann.and(sic) both under arrest in Washington.  Col Cornyn saw them as he came thro.  they will suffer in the flesh.  the 23 Corp is moving somewhere. they belong to Thomass army.  part of them pass'd thro Zanesville.  tis rumor'd Sheri dan is to take command of this army.  the largest portion of the Smithsonian Institute.was destr oy'd by fire.a few days ago.  tis a matur al lofs.  I have not felt so sorry.for any public calamity.that hss befal len this, tis irrepairable(sic) [p 168, book 6]

                          Tuesday Jan 31

Weather pleasant the last 2 days. Q.M. Stultz expects to start for home in the morning.  sent a letter and a couple of books to Mag no papers.  it appears one of the reb gun boats was blown up on the James.this day 1 week ago  the rest are under the guns of the Howlett House battery.  they will have a tough time of it.if ever they attempt to pass our land batteries.and reach Richmond  our regt is on picket, tis rep orted that Stephens has gone to Washington.. can it be true.

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                                             Wednesday Feb 1st

About 4 Oclock this morning was the noise of the boys.  soon found out cause.  5 days rations were being issued and orders received for marching  Ho for Charleston seems to be the idea.  Hen came over from Div hospt. early.  he tells me all the sick have been sent to City Point.  several of the [p 169, book 6] regts.have pack'd up. so far 10 A.M. we have had no orders.  I think twill blow over.  I hope so.  deserters continue to come over at all parts of the line.  Bob McNabb brot in one this morning.  quite a number of women & children(color'd) have come in during the last week  about noon got orders to send all who would not be able to march to City Point  sent 13. tis reported that the 5 Corp have gone out to left.  I suppose we are to hold our selves in readinefs.if we might be wanted.  the impression is that we will move about midnight

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Everything pass'd off quietly during the night. so(sic) signs of a move all day.  I think it has all blown over.  weather fine and springlike. Q.M. Stultz.did not get home.  he is going to try it again in a few days.  Lee has been elected Com'd in chief of the rebel forces.  I wonder how that sits on poor Jeffs stomach [p 170, book 6]      Friday Feb 3d

Weather pleasant. all very quiet.  no papers.  went to the 2 Corp. San. Com. with an order but could not get anything.  Dr Holman of our Corp. will not allow an agen cy to be establish'd in the Corp.  the results is the men are deprived of a number of articles of comfort and convenience.

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                                              Saturday Feb 4th

Rain'd a little during the night.  sun shining and mild all day.. Co Ball.resignation has at last been accepted.  he is now a citizen.  after drefs par ade.he addrefs'd *in*[corssed out] the a few feeling remarks, regretting much.that domestic cares com pell'd him to seperate(sic) from them (his wife is in a delicate state of health) he said he should always feel pro acknowledge.that he had commanded the 122 Ohio.and trusted its future record.would add fresh those alr eady so wothily won.  he then said farewell.  God blefs you. [p 171, book 6]

                                                Sunday Feb 5th

Heavy firing was heard in the dir ection of the James.late last night  the Col. started at 6 this morning  he stop'd at our quaters and bid us all goodbye.  the 122 has lost its right arm. he is a brick and was always up to the mark.  Harry re turned this forenoon. he brot me some smoking Tob. and a letter from Mag  she is still very unwell,and has call'd in a German docter(sic).  I dont like that much.  Dr Bell knows her constitution better than a stranger can be supposed to.  the children are suffering from slight colds,but nothing serious.  We were round up by 4 Oclock.and order'd to get ready to an early hour  4 P.M. still here. heavy cannonading has been heard for the last 1/2 hour to our left.  some portion of the troops have moved out that way.  perhaps the ball is about to open.  it conti nued at intervals until dark.  about 12,000 of the 9th Corp. march'd in that direction.  they began to move out at sun down.  Geo Waxler. has just come in from the front.  he tells me that.the 2dCorp. have carried the [p 172, book 6] Johnnies first line.and driven them into the woods. they are about 2 miles from Hatchers Run.(we got whip'd badly the last time we were there)  Gen Meade is in com'd himself and has telegraphic communications (put up as fast as he moves) to Army H.Q.  the imprefsion gains ground that there will be tough work.  about 9 2 days rations were issued.and picket shovels  issued.  they are a new thing in the army.with handles between 2 and 3 feet long.with a strap to sling over the shoulder.  30 of them are issued to each regt.  laid down about 10.  things all in a bustle.and expectation

                          Monday Feb 6th

At midnight got orders to move part of our Brig moved up to the right.   near[?] Fort Wadsworth,the 5th Corp. moved out in the direc tion of the Weldon R.R.  the 1st *& 2 Div*[crossed out] ^Div^ of our Corp.moved out to join the 2d Corp.  got orders to report to Div case our Div.went to the front.  fortunately they were left to protect the breastworks on our front.  they were mass'd in the vicinity of Fort Wadsworth [p 173, book 6] where they expected the Johns to attack.  laid down again about 1 1/2 Oclock.  evverything still as death.  the moon shining beautifully.but very cold.  wind blowing keenly.  expected to be roused up by the bull dogs, but all was quiet.and has continued so up to this time 1P.M. our regt retu rned to quarters a few minutes ago.  saw some men from the front.  the 2d Corp has lost a few men.  he said we had gain'd the South side road and would be able to hold it.  tis their main artery. once cut,and held.they die,if they stay where they are.  a great many reports are to the sucefs(sic) of the move.  our regt return'd to Fort Wadsworth,about 2 Wesley was out to the front.  heavy skirmishing was going on.  the Cav captured 500 Johns.  a large wagon train was captured and brot in.  said to belong to Johnstons H.Q.  from all I can gather, I incline to think that the R.R. is not *virtually*[crossed out] actually in our posession(sic), but almost as good, we having batteries commanding it.within a mile or so.  tis reported 15 miles of it is torn up  I dont credit it.  tis also reported that 700 pris. were captured yesterday [p 174, book 6]

                         Tuesday Feb 7th

It commenced to rain hail snow blow and freeze about 6 this mor ning, and has continued all day.  all was very quiet during the night and continued till about noon when the artillery open'd, followd shortly by musketry.  it continued about 2 hours, when there was a lull  about 4 P.M. the storm burst forth in all its fury, much nearer than the early part of the day.  it continued till dark.  the concufsion shook our shanties.  twas fearful whilst it lasted.  how the poor wounded must have suffer'd lying on the wet ground and it heaving hard.  rumor No 1, last evening the rebs dr =ove our men 3 miles.  No 2, we cap tured the fort at or near Hatchers Run 3 times but could not hold it. No.3, The 1st Div of our Corp. had broke and suffer'd  fearfully.  No 4 the 2 Corp broke and run. No 5, We drove the rebs and occupy the gro und lost.  No 6, that we have breast works thrown acrofs  the R.R..  No 7, They left our front and mafs'd on the front of the 2 Corp heast works attack'd it and were re =pulsed, and so on Ad Infinitum  there was heavy fighting.  some one got hurt.  whether we have made anything by the move I know not [p 175, book 6]

                                             Wednesday Feb 8th

The rain ceased about dark. picket firing was heard at intervals all night.  troops were moving past our quarters all night.  the 1st Brig of our Div occupied the breast works along our line.  they expected the Johns would make a dash, but all pass'd quietly. the 1st Div returnd to their quarters about 4, when our boys came to their own quarters relieving the 1st Brig.  the 1st Div were under fire, but lost very few men.  Wes & I went down to Patricks Station after sick call  6 car loads of wounded had just sta =rted as we got down.  did not learn what Corp they belong'd to.  the rebs did not attack the works of the 2d Corp. the fight occur'd 3 miles in fr =ont.  our troops have recrofsd Hat =chers Run.and got within 2 miles of the railroad.  I am inclined to think that.the cost will amount to more than the profit. Grant was out to the front looking after mat ters.  he knows all about it, per haps tis all right.  heavy firing in the direction of the James far into the night.  just after roll orders to pack up and move camp  a number of the men had the shelter of(sic) their tents.when the order was countermanded [p 176, book 6]

                                              Thursday Feb 9th

Froze hard during the night our Brig. moved out at 7.this morning.  they moved about 2 miles to the left. we left all our quarters standing judging that the troops moving would leave their quarters.  when our boys got there the quarters were all torn down. troops had moved into our quarters or the quarters of the 6th Ma.  Genl Keifer (he took com'd of the Brig a few days ago) gave orders that me might move our shanties.  all our mefs moved up  I staid all night to see that no one moved what was left.  Major Rofs.    McIlyer [McIlyar] & Capt Wheeler.were on a high spree.  McIlye[{McIlyar].came within an ace of lofing his life.  Geo Waxler found him on the track, asleep a train was com ing sweeping along.  Major Rofs and McIlyer[McIlyar]   will have cha rges preferred against them by the Lt. Col of the 2d Conn H.A. for abusive language.used by both of them towards him.  If Col Ball had been here, nothing of the kind would have occur'd. [p 177, book 6] Wagons have been busy all day moving the shanties.  could not get our quarters moved today.  took of(sic) the roof of the despensary(sic) towards evening.and went up to the regt  found them all huddled together in the wall tent.  weather very fine  Lincoln, Seward, Stephens Hunter Camp bell. confab.has ended in smoke or some thing like it. now the to.(sic) and can only be settled by hard knocks.  it will unite the North.more than ever  the constitutional ammendment abolishing slavery.will no doubt receive the neces sary majerity(sic) States.  Slavery is vir tually dead and buried

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                                             Saturday Feb 11th

Weather beautiful.  sun shining, warm springlike day.  went over to Div hospt got a supply of medicines.  Our Brig occupies part of the ground vacated by the 1st Div of the 2d Corp.  their shan ties still lay scatter'd round  we lay in the angle of a triangle the line here making a sharp turn to the left.  Fort Fisher to our right Fort Welsh to our left.  Fisher is not completed  6, 30 pounders are in position bewteen them.  the ditch is about [p 177, book 6] 8 feet deep and 15 wide around the forts and batteries.  4 reb forts are in view from our camp.  the pic ket line is a very short distance.from the works.  we can see the reb pickets plainly.  the best feeling sub sists between them.  where our regt stands picket.a strip of woods is between them  by common agrement both parties leave their guns at the posts and the Johns.chop'd on the same logs. they exchange papers and are on the best of terms.  whilst I was tak ing a squint round.I saw 2 ladies accompanied by some officers ride along the reb line.  in the afternoon a lady rode along our line.  the 1st lady I have seen since we came up here.  after we had gone to bed last night we heard a great noise.  the Doc.went out to see what was up.  the boys clean'd out one of the 2 Corp sutters. he shot once but did not hit anyone.  tis scandaless every man engaged in it ought to be arrested and punish'd. none of our regt were in the scrape.that I could learn.  about 20 Johns.came over dur ing the night and to day.  the docs(sic) shanty was finish'd this evening  him and the chaplin sleep toge ther.tell(sic) Dr. Houston returns  the rebs attack'd our old picket line last night, but did not make anything [p 178. book 6]

                                               Sunday Feb 12th

To day has been one of the col dest days this year.  the wind blew great guns.  Mofes how cold it blew.  the boys are suffering in the flesh, very few shanties being up as yet, and wood scarce.  got a letter from Mag  her health is very poor indeed,and improves slowly  she has call'd on Dr Bell again  I am glad to hear it.  black eyed Dolly [probably Elizabeth Catherine 3 yrs. 11 mos.] is sick.  the Doc RX [prescribed] for her.  she was improving when she wrote, blefs her little heart. I trust she will soon be well  Wrote to Mag, cheering her as much as possible.  I am afraid the blues have become chronic in her case  Dr Houston returnd.about roll call.  he was 5 days on the road.  his trip has improved his health and appearance. quite a number of Johns came in out of the cold dur =ing the day.

                                               Monday Feb 13th

Weather much milder, but still cold.  the the(sic) results of last weeks mo =ve is that our line has been estended about 4 miles,and we hold Hatchers a base for future movements on the South Side road.  our lofs amou =nts to 1200 kill'd wounded and mifs =ing.  wrote a very appropriate valentine to Mag.  she sent one to me last year if my memory serves me right.  her health is to(sic) poor *to indulge*[crossed out] at think of any [p 180, book 6] anything of the kind. all I ask is that she may recover her health soon.  her spirits will soon rally

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                        Tuesday Feb 14 th

Weather much milder. in the afternoon went out as far as the pic ket line.  our regt is on picket.  went along the line for about a mile.  saw several Johnnies and our boys in a strip of woods cutting wood toge ther.  they were just returning to their lines as I got there, so I had not an opportunity of speaking to them  they had just concluded a game of cards.  who should take the biggest stick, the Johns got it.  this is the first time I have been on the line,since I have been in the service.

                                            Wednesday Feb 15th

It commenced to rain about daylight and has continued all day.rode over to the commisary.  got some flour corn meal & potatoes. Lieut Stulz forgot my parcel,when he went home.  will get a chance to sent some of the boys [p 181, book 6]

                                             Thursday Feb 16th

Weather warm and spring like Chris Bauers.was returnd to the regt to day. he was pick'd up near Fredrick*sburg*[crossed out]. the day after he left us  he intended to go home and return.  he had no intention of deserting. he has been in guard houses and prisons ever since.  he was tried in Alexandre(sic) and found quilty of absence without leave.  his sentence has not come on yet.  poor fellow he looks emaciatd(sic) he has suffer'd in the flesh.  heavy thunder was heard for about an hour just after dark.  the Johnnies were quite lively on the picket line to night, cheering and halloeing

                                               Friday Feb 17th

It rain'd during the night and has continued all day.  a dispensary was finish'd to day.  tis a much bet ter one than we had at the old camp  nothing of importance in the pap ers.  expect to hear from Thomas before long.  14 Johns came over to see how the country look'd  they liked it and concluded to stay [p 182, book 6]

                        Saturday Feb 18th

Weather mild and pleasant. during the night 60 deserters came in along our line, desertions alone must weaken their army materialy(sic)   a few shots were heard along the line a parting those returning to Abrams(sic) bosom.  the chaplin was down to the 110th whilst there he heard it reported that Sherman had been whipt badly.and lost 50 peices(sic) of cannon.  the report came thro Gen Getty com'd our 1st Div.  should it prove true twill be a heavy blow.  I hope and trust tis not so.  what gives color to the rep that the Johnnies all along the line.are in the best of spirits, and high glee, cheering.their bands pla=ying and cutting up generally but so far 9 at night they have said nothing about Sherman  I fell asleep the Johnnies and our boys.chatting and jawing each other. I could hear both of them laughing boisterously

[blank line]

                                               Sunday Feb 19th

Another pleasant day.  the mud is drying up fast.  the chaplin prea ched this morning.  he preach'd the best sermon I have heard him prea=ch since he has been chaplin  whilst he was preaching, a flag [p 183, book 6] of truce came up to our picket line.opposite Fort Welsh. they staid but a short time.  they returned at 3 Oclock.and were met by a staff officer of the Corp.  the interview lasted about 15 minutes.  the breastworks were crowded by the men.anxious to see and learn something.  of course we know nothing that transpired.  rumor and conjecture had a wild feild(sic)  the most improbable stories are afloat.  the most reasonable one is.that they wish'd to recover the body of an officer, who is buried in our lines.  whilst the truce lasted the pickets and boys generally on both sides.mix'd freely and exch anged coffee soap sugar tack etc etc for chewing tobacco.  7 of them thinking they had been in the rebel ranks long enough came over.  the Herald of the 17th came up this afternoon  the boot is on the other leg. Sherman is sweeping everything before him  part of his forces are within 2 miles of Charleston  Branchville evacuatd  he is threatning(sic) Florence, Columbia and Raleigh  all communication is cut off with Richmond. things look squally for them and no mistake  added to all this.the spirits of the people are broken.  they begin to see that tis uselefs to contend any longer.  an arti cle from the Raleigh Standard.put the matter square before the people of N.C. no doubt it exprefses the senti [p 184, book 6] ments of the majority of the people dare.they speak out.

                         Monday Feb 20th

Weather very pleasant. the only rever se, if reverse it was, occur'd to the Cav under Klipatrick.  the reb papers report that Wheeler drove him 5 miles.  I scar=cely think it.  he has uniformally been succefsful.  they fought 3 days at Branch ville, then fell back.  heavy aritllery fir ing was heard to the extreme right this forenoon. it continued about a couple of hours.  about 7 Oclock this evening about 30 shots were fired in quick succession a little to the right of our Div.  a whole Co. must have been bid=ding the kingdom of Jeff good bye  it created quite an excitement for a little while.  37 accompanied by a captain came in last night on the line where our regt  used to the old camp.

                         Tuesday Feb 21st

Weather still very fine  Sammy Burwell & Granstaff join'd the regt. last evening 52 came in when that firing was heard.  so it goes.  Glorious news.  Charleston has fallen.  once more the old flag floats over the nest.the hot bed of rebellion.  the Capitol Columbia has shared the [p 185, book 6] same fate. a few more such blows and down goes their house.  100 guns were fired opposite to Peters inform them how much pleasure it gave learn they were nearly at the end of the tether.  our regt went on picket this morning  breastworks are being thrown up all along ou picket line.  6 small mortars were planted at the most prominent reserve post in front of our Div.  one Co from each  regt were under arms.and stationd in front of the breastworks all night.

                         Wednesday 22 Feb

Another spring day.  got a kitchen finish'd this afternoon.  getting fix'd up nicely.  got a letter from Mag.  the children are all well again.  her health is still poor. everything pa =ss'd of(sic) quietly during the night, ex ecpt the usual firing at deserters   a deserter who came in this morning said they expected us to attack them  we expected them to attack us.  he said they had marching orders yester day.  something will break loofs before long.  Lee will be forced to move from Richmond. where can he go to is the question.  he may make a desperate attempt to force [p 186, book 6] us back from this line.  our Div was out on review to day.  Brig served yesterday.  Philip Rush Co. I starts for home in the morning.  I sent a parcel and a letter by him. at roll call got orders to be ready to move at a moments notice.  the boys all pack'd up everything, but did not take  the of(sic) shelter tents.  I did not pack the med.  I thot I would wait fur ther orders.  about 10 got orders to lie down and we(sic) ready at early reville(sic)  they were out in line at the breastworks by 4 Oclock.  very quiet during the night.  from the look out the sentinel could see them packing up and mak ing ready for a move on our left. a salute was fired at noon.of 100 guns, in honer(sic) of the birthday of the Father of his country, a name in history, he earned for himself which will never die, Washington the patriot the soldier.embodiment of all that was great and good

                                               Thursday Feb 23

It commenced to rain about 4 Oclock and has raind at inter -vals all day.  during the night 80 came in along the line picketed by  our Corp.  they have been coming in all day, singly, and in squads of 3 and 4 [p 187, book 6] 2 Majors came into the lines of th3 6 Ma  in the afternoon heard loud cheering went see what was up.  a Sergt 5 men with a 6 mule team loaded with wood.had miss'd the road.and came into the the camp of the 126 Ohio. twas a bold trick, but the got in withour any of them getting hit.  they will no doubt get at least 10 dol a peice(sic), for the wagon and mulles.  every man that can is des erting.  Bob McNabb was in the woods outside the picket lin.when both par ties got wood. he got in conversation with a Georgian.and converted him to the faith.  he brot him in. another one came in with another of our boys.

                         Friday Feb 24th

Weather clear'd up.  sun shone out a little.  to day we have got everything fix'd up and in order.  we have got nice quarters and plenty of room  69 Johns came in during the night and a few to day.  heavy canonade(sic) to our right for about 2 hours.  this afternoon, tis rumor'd that Wilming ton is ours. a salute was to have been fired.opposite each corp. but I supp =ose they thot they would save the powder.  our flag once more floats oer Sumter(sic)  3 cheers.  Charleston is almost a mafs of ruins.  twould  only be retributive justice were it razed to the ground. [p 188, book 6]

                        Saturday Feb 25th

Weather dull.  raining at intervals all day.  during the last 24 hours about 100 deserters have come into our lines.  Hen Rager & George Lloyd.return'd this morning  Hen brot me a letter. dated 18  her health is improving  she writes more cheerful. Grandmother Kelly and Gen brooks(sic). were gobbled up whil =st in bed at Cumberland. served them right.  they *lea*[crossed out] will learn to manage things better for the future.  John Wise of F. sta =rts home in the moring. sent sund[?abbreviation for surrendered?] pipe.and cane home.  the 9th Corp open'd on the reb line opposite their the afternoon and kept up a heavy fire till  near 7 Oclock.  we expected the Johns to open out on our Corps.but all pass'd of(sic) quietly  after I had laid down.was call's up to sign the pay rolls.  expect to be paid to morrow.

                         Sunday Feb 26th

About 4 this morning as near as a(sic) could judge,there was a severe storm accompanied by thunder & lightning  about 9 orders to be ready to move at a moments notice. des erters affirm that they are leaving [p 189, book 6] Petersburg.& Richmond.  I suppose we are to be ready to follow, if such is the case.  sun shining beautifully all day.  all quiet along the line  it took all day to pay the 110th.  we will be paid to morrow I suppose. the Johnnies  to night are very noisey  on the picket line  they told our boys Beauregard had come up. dont believe it.  tis rumer'd(sic) the 2d Corp is moving to the support the 9th.who expect an attack.  Chaplin & I took a walk along the picket line.

                         Monday Feb 27th

Another beautiful day. commenced to pay our regt this morning.  Mc Cann who left with Chri Bauers return'd last night.  he looks hard  he loses 10 dols a month for 6 months Chris loses all his back pay.bounty and 10 dols a month until his time expires.making in all about 230 dols  they were both quilty of the same offence  why they made such a difference I cannot imagine.  got paid about 4 Oclock.  4 months being up to the end of 64  the regt was all paid off before dark.  sutters are reaping a har vest.and collecting up all their old account. Limes collecting some [p 190, book 6] Oldhams old accounts.

                         Tuesday Feb 28th

Weather dull and heavy. raining at intervals all day.  made out the muster rolls for our Co. were musterd for 2 months pay towards evening. Color bearer Mie[?] Kronenbeter (Pergt) went home this afternoon. he lives in West Zanesville.  I sent my money by him to the care of Mr Church.  Charley, Mat(sic) Griffin, Ike Steel and Fouts sent theirs in the same envelope.  I did not keep enough to pay my debts.  I sent 55 dols home paid the chaplin 5.I owed him.  150 for washing getting a vest fix'd, boots mended and some other little thing clean'd me out I have nothing to buy tob acco with, and I will not go in debt to the sutter. I have never drawn a check from a sutter since I have been in the service and I dont think I ever will.  the Johnnies kept up the most uprorious(sic) cheering in front of our Corp. for about an hour, that I have heard since I have been on this line.  it subsided about roll call.  perhaps they have got reinfor cements, or good news from some quarter, tho where it is to come from I cant imagine.  the smoke from the locomotive on the part of the Wel don they hold in our front could plainly seen several times [p 191, book 6] to day.  they dont often run upon that direction

                        Wednesday Mar 1st

Weather dull.  cool towards evening considerable firing last night all along the line  far as we could hear.  Lee has gone to look afther Sherman  Johnston is in front of us.  Lee will find Sherman a hard nut to crack  nothing definite from Sherman for the past 4 or 5 days

                         Thursday Mar 2d

Rain'd hard all day.  ceasd about roll call. 100,000 bales of cotton were captu =red in Columbia.and 10,000 in Charles ton.  tis an immefe(sic) amount.  I sacrcely credit it.  deserters still come in brisk ly.  got a letter from the  Slate(sic) Agent at Washington he sent me the necessary pa =pers to draw my commutation for subsistence whilst a prisoner.

                          Friday Mar 3d

Weather very dull and heavy. driz zly all day at intervals.  26 deserters came into our Div during the night  got the Capt.(Williams com ' Co I now) and Dr Bryant to sign the necessary papers.  Sherman & Scho field have form'd a junction.  the reb papers are very reticent about Sherman one[?] was he is marching on        we suppose it to be Gold sboro or Raleigh.*this*[crossed out] is a grand combination on the chefs [p 192, book 6] board , there will be big move someone wil be check mated.

                         Saturday Mar 4th

About midnight it commenced to blow great guns,and about 8 just at sick call, the rain came down in a perfect deluge. it pour'd thro the shelter tents covering our shanties,as tho twere a seive(sic)  it con tinued about an hour.after which it clear'd up and was very fine  Capt Wheeler went home yesterday  Robertson of Co I. started this mor ning.  Dr houston the chaplin & I.took a long walk to the left of our line occupied by the 2 Corp.  the works are pretty strong  Old Abe, the good honest old patriot was inaugrated(sic) for another term, and sworn into a Chief Justice, whose skirts are free from Pro slaveism  he is now.and always has been the unflinching champion of freedon.  a new the Chief Justiceship dates from the day Chase was appointed.  tis rum ored in camp that Sherman was(sic) had a fight and flay'd them handsomely [p 193, book 6]

                         Sunday March 5th

Weather fine. sun shining but a little cool. Columbia the Capitol of S.C. was burn'd to the ground by order of Gen Sherman.  the citizens fired upon his troops as he was leaving the city.& kill'd 17.and wounded quite a number.  twas a fearful retribution old southern friends have not been coming in so briskly for the last night or to(sic)  the moon shining to(sic) brightly.  a Richmond paper brings the news that Sherman has whipt Lee.  one of the 110 boys got it on pic ket.  I have not seen it, but is comes or [?] straight I cannot but believe it.

                         Monday March 6th

Weather fine and spring like  6 deserters came up to our regt last night  Sheridan has had a fight near Staunton,with our old friend Early.and whipt him out of his boots (tis said he has taken him prisoner)  cap tured 2000 prisoners & 24 peices(sic) of cannon.  the news came up from City Point.  it will no doubt be in the papers to mor =row. tis said he has struck the Va. central RR at Carolittesville [Charlottesville?] [p 194, book 6]

                        Tuesday March 7th

Slight frost during the night very fine all day. no papers to day.  Dr Bryant saw a Richmond of to day.  it makes no mention of either Sherman or Sheridan.  our Brigade was reviewed by Genl Meade Wright and staff.  they were accompanied by 3 citizens (in stovepipe hats, how strange they look in the army.)  one of them was said to be speaker Colfax.  last and best was 12 ladies. (they rode in ambulances)  they mounted the parapet of Fort Wheaton.whist the Brigade filed past.  blefs their hearts. twas a touch of civilation(sic) to see their smiling happy faces.  some of them were very pretty  they waved their handkerchiefs and smiled sweetly on the boys  not one of them but walk'd with a prouder step.and thought of the loved ones at home.  then was considerable firing on the line all night.  some few came in.

                                             Wednesday Mar 8th

Rain'd heavily at intervals all day. nothing direct from Sheridan  the news of Earlys's defeat was brot in by deserters, and telegraphd [p 195, book 6] by Gen Grant to Washington. there is no doubt of its truth so ma =ny of them tell the same story.  the Herald's correspondent comes our squ =arely. and says Vice President Johnston [Johnson] was so drunk.that he could not per =form the part assign'd him in the in =augration(sic)^and^made a silly speech.  I hope for the honor of our country that tis not so.  there must have been something or he durst not have written in that manner.

                         Thursday Mar 9th

It rain'd heavily all night, but was fine all day  saw the Chronicle, read Johnstons speech. tis weak.  too much repiti tion.  there is not a word breath'd in the paper about his condition  no papers the last 2 days.  if he was guilty of such conduct, language is to(sic) weak to condemn him.  Gen Meade Humphreys, Warren Wright and staff accompanied by 4 ambulance loads of ladies rode along the line.and visited Fort Welsh.  after which they drove round.and stop'd to see our Brig. go thro drefs par =ade.  Gen Meade calld our Brig the polish'd Brig. to Sec Seward who was along onthe 7th [p 196, book 6] considerable churning along the line about roll call.  went out to learn the cause.  a dispatch was read to each regt. for H.Q.Army.  Sheridan has been heard from direct.  he capturd 9 guns, 13 flags 1165 men 78 officers 150 wagons and 8 ambulances  bully for little Phil.

                         Friday Mar 10th

It rain'd hard during the night and continued till afternoon when it clear'd up.  one of th 67 Pa was to have been shot for attempting to desert to the Johns, but the execution was de =ferred.  another batch of ladies were along the lines to day.  several of them were from Winchester.  they came to see our Brig. particularly.  Gen Meade and staff were along.  amongst them Bob Lincoln,  he is Capt. on Grants staff.  the chaplin in conversation with a citizen from Washington, learn'd the whole truth about Vi.President Johnston [Johnson] our worst fears are re =alised he was drunk.  Oh what a shame what a disgrace.  he is politically morally and socially dam'd.  he willnever recover the blow [p 197, book 6] Gen Meade complimented.Gen Kei fer highly on the efficiency of our Brig. in the manuel(sic) of arms.  he said twas the ^best^ drill a volunteer Brig he ever saw.  bully for the 2d Brig.  got a letter from Mag.  all well at home except the baby.  all the things I sent home arrived safe.  she had not got the money the letter was dated the 4th. I suppose she would get it about the next day.  George McCann of CoI. died this morning.  he was kill'd by the exposure and ill usage whilst in prison, there is no mistake about it.

                                           Saturday March 11th

Weather clear'd up, fine all day. whilst at Div hospt. the prisoner who was to have been shot yesterday. was driven past in a wagon.accompanied by a Catholic priest.  the Div was drawn up in 3 sides of a square,to witness his execution.  arrived on the ground,the band form'd in ing the dead march.  next followed 12 of the Pro Guards.detached to carry out the sentence.  the balance of the guards in their rear.  next the coffin carried by 4 men.  the unfortunate man and the priest brot up the rear [p 198, book 6] they march'd thro the lines of the whole Div. then march'd to the centre. here the priest and him(sic) pray'd for about 15 minutes. he shook hands with the priest who retired.  his arms were then tied and his eyes bandaged   at a signal from the commander of the Provos. they fired.  he fell peirced(sic) by 6 balls.  his death was instantaneous  he was quite a young man.  he exibi ted(sic) the most stolid indifference to all the proceedings as tho he was but a spectator.  he was an ignorant unedu cated boy.with not a ray of intelligence in his face.  twas the first militry exection(sic) ever I witnefs'd and twill be the last.  wrote to Mag.

                                             Sunday March 12th

Weather fine sun shining all day. no news from Sherman.  Brigade church has been finish'd and ser vice held in it for the last week our Chap.and the 110 O. 138 Pa all officiate. Brig.drefs parade is held now every evening.  they are putting on style [p 199, book 6]

                                             Monday March 13th

To day has been a regular Spring fever day.  a white flag has been flying from Fort Fisher and other points along the line.all day.  cant learn whats up.  our regt was out on inspection this after noon.  they made the best appearance they have made since they have been in the service.  every man was clean neat and solderly(sic) shoes polish'd and almost every man had on a white collar.  they were highly complinented for the last few days.  have been busy.making out affadavits for land warrents.under the homestead law.  soldiers in the field are allowed to enter 160 acres of land by proxy.on the payment of 20 dols.  our chaplin was appointed agent for our regt. by F A. Conwell of the 1st Minn. who is the party.locating for the soldiers. 25 of our regt. enter'd 160 acres be located in one body  tis a fine prarie(sic) section where he pur posed locating.  the chaplin was to rece-ive.1/4 section for his trouble.  he gene =rously donated it to me.for my trouble.  I shall ever hold him in grateful remembrance [p 200, book 6]

                        Tuesday March 14th

Another beautiful day.  the chaplin went down to the Point and return'd this evening.  official notice was re =ceived from Schofield com'd the right wing of Sherman's armny.that a heavy rebel force attackd him on the 10th and were repulsed with heavy lofs  no particulars. Sheridan is reportd to be at White harbor.  he has cut the James River canal, destroy'd 12 boat load of medical stores, and play'd hob generally in Fredrick =sburg,and all along his route.  nothing in the papers in relation to either affairs.  about 5 Oclock got orders to send all the men who could not march to Div hospt. to be sent to the Point.  sent 13. about 7 got orders to pack up.  our regt is on picket.  tis said they are massing on the 9th Corp. and are determined to break our lines and cut us of(sic) from the Point.  some of the deserters say they are mafsing on our left at Hatchers Run.  14 deserters  have just pass'd by our quarters  8 P.M. they came into our regt.  Bob McNab was one that came in with them  the sutters have got orders to pack up and leave.  that look more [p 201, book 6] like a move than anything else I have seen.

                       Wednesday March 15th

Everything pass'd off quietly during the night.  wagons were moving in all directions moving the sutters. all camp followers have been order'd away.  photographers watch tinkers[?] Jewelers Oyster sallon(sic) keepers etc etc.  weather fine.  no fire all day. had everything pack'd up and ready for a move but got no orders.  the rebs were not mov =ing to our left, but only moving troops from one part of the line to another  turn'd in all camp and garrison equipage that we could not cerry on a march.  all extra clothing and blankets.were box'd up.and sent to City Point. I sent 1 woolen blan =ket, overcoat, blouse, vest, shirt neck comfort.and 2 pair of boots.  from present appearances I judge we will not move this hitch

                       Thursday March 16th

To day has been one of the roughest blus tery days.we have experienced since we have been here.  the sand has been whirled in every direction.  it penetr =ates everywhere.  about roll call it com =menced to rain heavily.and continued nearly all night.  Phil Rush return'd this evening  he did not bring me any [p 202, book 6] thing all leaves of absence or furlough cease from to day from the 126 Ohio (cause) they were the principal hands in the raid on the 2d Corp sutler when we came down here.  so much for going for the sutlers.  an officer accom panied by 2 orderlies.went over to the Johnnies.  it has since been asser tain'd that he was a spy, and had been in our lines several days.  an order has been issued that no one will be allowd' to visit the picket line without a pass from the officer of the day  some of the sutlers have return'd

                        Friday March 17th

Today has been a little cooler.  wind still high.  the rain has laid the sand.  things seem to have settld down again.  Sherman is at Fay etsville(sic)  Schofield at Kingston rebel papers report that Kilpatrick has been flax'd out.and lost a num(sic) of guns and wagons.  the 110 and part of our regt. were about to make a raid and clean out our sutler.  Gen Keifer happen'd to come along just then, in the da =rknefs the boys did not know him.  he pull'd out his revolver [p 203, book 6] and swore he would shoot the first one who attempted to go near.  2 of Co. I. our regt were arrested and sent to the guard house, Fouts and Zeigler. Serves them right.  tis not =hing lefs than housebreaking.  he talkd to them like a dutch uncle  he said he had done all he could for his men,(which he has0, but if such conduct was continued he could and as sever as the next man.  I have not doubt twill put an end to furlough in both regts. the innocent will suffer with the guilty  the 2d Corp.had a horse race, steeple chase, foot race, sack race etc  a Col of th 7 N.J. I believe was kill'd by a fall from the horse he was riding, in jumping a ditch  one or 2 others were seriously hurt.        Saturday March 18th

Fouts & Zeigler were released this morning.withour further punish ment.  weather very fine.  the Brig chapel.was taken down to day.  the C. S. have orders to move all their tents out of the army.  at dusk saw a heavy colunm(sic) of smoke in the direc tion of the reb camp to the left of Fort Welsh.  about 7 P.M. heavy firing was heard in the direction of Petersburg [p 204, book 6] it lasted  about 1/2 an hour.  saw Ed Keeley of Zanesville.  I have not seen him since we started out in May last  he has been wounded in 3 places in the skull, but is all O.K. again. twas a  close share.  a deserter brings the news that Sherman has Raleigh, and Scho field Goldsboro.  so it goes

                        Sunday March 19th

Heavy musketry firing was kept up nearly the whole night.with occasion -al cannonading. twas at Fort Hill the rebs open'd out first.when our boys pepper'd away at Petersburg.  a number of rumors are afloat. as to the firss.(sic) one is.that they attack'd the 9th Corp 3 times, in 7 lines of battle,and were repulsed.  another that whilst our fel lows were shelling Petersburg 1000 Johns came over. a rebel spy is somewhere in our lines.  he escaped from some of Sheridans cavalry.when they came to this side of the James  Sheridan and his force are at or near City Point.  weather beautiful warm as summer

                        Monday March 20th

Weather beautiful.  all very quiet  Sheridan has clean'd thing out [p 205, book 6] pretty far as he went  Meade.Wright and staff were along the line accompanied by several citizens.  all lights are to be put out at taps.  so much for raiding on the sutlers.

                                            Tuesday March 21st

Weather dull. commenced to rain about noon.and continued till dark.  no papers to day.  sold 2 farms to members of the 126 Ohio

                                           Wednesday March 22d

It rain'd heavily till about 3 this mor =ning.  fine all day, with high wind  it carried *of*[crossed out] the tents of(sic) several of the shanties.  Adam Winegarner started home this morning.  he pro mised to call and see Mag, and bring me some smoking tobacco all very quiet.  very few deserters come in lately.  N.C. troops have been withdrawn from the picket line and Va troops put in their place. nothing new from Sherman  Kilpatrick it appears was sur prized(sic) early in the morning and the Johns.had it all their own way for a little while, but he turn'd round, and flax'd them handsomely [p 206, book 6]

                                            Thursday March 23d

The wind has blown a perfect hur ricane all day.  the clouds of sand are almost blinding. tis drifted a foot thick in some places.  shantes(sic) were blown down in every direction  tis the most God accursed coun try I ever was in.  the woods as far as the eye could reach on both sides are on fire.  heavy columns of smoke have been seen all day.  part of the 2d Corp were out in line of battle in front of their guard against a surpr =ize(sic), fearful they might make a dash on our lines under cover of the smoke.  part of our Brig. were out in front for a short time, but all was quiet.  after dark the clouds were lurid with flame.  fire in all directions.  something is in the wind.  tis reported Davis has ab =dicated, that Lee is about to make overtures.  Father Abraham and his children (the cabinet) have been talking the matter over.  who knows what may happen [p 207, book 6]

                        Friday March 24th

Weather a little pleasanter to day not so much wind.  the fire during the night burn'd itself out.  our regt came in of(sic) picket.  2 or 3 deserters came in.  Sher man has been heard from at Golsboro(sic) all right without a fight.

                                           Saturday March 25th

Was awoke between 4 & 5 Oclock by heavy artillery firing on our right followed by heavy musketry.  did not get up to the usual hour.  thought perhaps twas the usual scrape.before the 9th Corp went to sleep again. had breakfast and sick call as usual.  dur ing the whole of this time the firing was very heavy.  just as we got thro sick call had orders to pack up, instanter. took the covers of(sic) our shanties. and got ready  about this time.heavy musketry firing was heard.and seen from our camp on the left opposite the 2d Corp.  we ex pected they wee about to make a charge  the men are all under arms and at the front of our Corp  all is quiet not a shot has been fired  Dr Houston went up to Div hospt. to see about the sick.  he learn some of the par ticulars.  the rebs charged the line of the 9th Corp. and drove them back to the railroad capturing Fort Hill [p 208, book 6]    they were reinforced by the 1st Div of our Corp. and driven back.with he =avy lofs.  about 9 the boys had orders to go back to quarters.  at the same time all is ready for a move at a moments warning  Brig. H.Q. are pack'd up.  about 10, we the hospt dept. limber'd up and struck for Div Hospt.  shortly after we left our Brig. advanced beyond the breastworks. the 110 & 122, were order'd to charge their picket line  they advanced on a run.  when  with =in a few rods, they halted, waver'd and broke.  in falling back several were wounded  they charged again  this time the whole Brig. and carried the line, capturing 250.  the first wounded man that got back to the Div was from our regt.  amputating tools were got in order.  they were soon brought into requisition.  I attended on Dr Bryant, who by the way has earn'd a high reputation in that line of his profession.  Ben Nelson Co.I. was wounded in the thigh flesh.  was kept busy until dark

when we got through.  during the whole of this time heavy firing had been going on first at one [p 209, book 6] point then another.  about 5 Oclock a charge was made by the 2d & *5th*[crossed out] Corp on the left.  slight feints still being made all along the line.  whil =st it lasted twas the most terri fic musketry I ever heard.  it sounded precisely like an exprefs train going at the rate of a mile a minute over high tressle work.  in fact, many of us thought it was the Hatchers Run road for a lit tle while.  it continued with slight intermission till darknefs put an end to the slaugher.  tis difficult to learn anything definite.  the pre vailing opinion is that we have not made much.  from Fort Hill to the 2d Corp we have driven them from their picket lines.  the 2 & 5th tis rep orted have advanced their lines about 1 1/2 miles or 2 miles. there is no doubt but the whole rebel force were con centrated on our right, and had we not demonstrated along the line they would have broken our line and held it.  as it was they had to call away troops to protect the other part of their lines.  about 3000.prisoners were taken.  went into the hospt. and look'd up some men.  they were all made as comfortable as possible  the chaplin and I slept together [p 210, book 6] under a fly.  had a bully bed, as much straw as we wanted.

                        Sunday March 26th

Got up about 6.  it froze during the night.  has been fine all day  heavy picket firing was kept up all night.  early this morning all the sick and wounded were sent off.  after breakfast returned to camp the wagons brot up our tents and bag-gage.  by noon everything was in order as though nothing had happen'd  Div & Brig H.Q. are in full blast, our regt is out on picket. the sharp shooters on both sides.keep up a regular bang wang whiz.  got 2 letters from Mag. got the money all O.K.  she is still unwell, but im proving a little.  she sent me some Tob. and other articles I sent for by Mie Kronenbeter.  he just miss'd the fight he got back early this mor ning.  heard this afternoon that the 2d Corp fail'd to advance their lines.  will know all about it when the papers come to hand.  Presid Lincoln his wife and 2 sons.were at the front yesterday.  they were in Fort DeShane garrison by the 138 Pa our Brig [p 211, book 6] whilst the battle was going on he was reviewing part of the troops  he had a view from Fort Wadsworth of part of the fighting by the 1st Div of our Corp. one of the 9th N.Y.  was kill'd on the picket line this after ooon.  wrote to Mag. 62 wounded were brot to the hospt from our Div  60 from our Brig 2 from 1st Brig  15 of the number from our regt

C.T. Shinn Co. C.  left *fore* [crossed out] leg, flesh

J.H. Arick  "  " neck, rig ear

B.R. Nelson "  I  rgt arm. ampt

J. Crane    "  A  rig thigh, flesh

C.N.Day     "  B  left arm, flesh

A. Baetty   "  F  left forearm flesh

Wm Moor     "  I   " hip flesh

G. Rowl     "  A  Scalp (severe)

C. Willey   "  A  Left chest (severe)

N Potter    "  A  rig thigh (severe)

J.M.T.Taylor"  F  Rgt thigh flesh

W.H.Gallant "  F  left leg (ampt)

J. Ashmore     E  left shoulder & hand

W.R. Brilhart   G  rig foot slight

*Ira Miller     G  left arm flesh* [crossed out]

Miner Marlow.   B. kill'd on the field.  our chapin accompanied by chaplin Miller of the 110.went to the burial ground of our Div and paid the last rites to the dead of our Brig 8 in number [p 212, book 6] 1 of our regt. 4 of the 110. 2 of the 67 Pa. 1 of the 6th Ma. the band of the 10th Vt. 1st Brig. was in attendance and a detail of the Provo Guards   twas a solemn sight, and the chap lins.improved it. several shells came over into our camp.  one fell into the tent of Capt Gibson. passing thro the door and kill'd 2 of the 1 Div. who were in the tent guarding knapsacks.  they were buried in the open space not far from our quarters.  got a letter from Mag by Mail, dated the 19th.

                        Monday March 27th

Ice formed 1/2 an inch thick during the night, the Johns open'd out heavy about 1/2 past 4.  opposite the 2d Div  twas kept up till near noon, with an occasional shot from Fort Fis =her. they tried hard to drive in our line but twas no go.  one of our sharp shooters Sam Masters tells me the Joh ns.had 2 kill'd and 3 wounded yesterday.  the 9th N.Y. boy.was shot whilst the Johns were in our lines with a flag of turce, getting the body of a reb Co. who was kill'd and [p 213, book 6] left on the field on Saturday.  twas a mean trick.and our boys tried hard to shoot him, but he was an old coon and laid close.  the weather has been beautiful all day.  Wm Williams Co F. died during the night at Div hospt of brain fever.  he was buried this after noon.  the bodies of the 2. 1Div boys.we =re taken up this morning.and buried in the grave yard of the Div.  our regt got in of(sic) picket about midnight.  an officer from our side went over to the reb lines with a flag of truce.opposite the 2d Div they would not entertain it.  he went out opposite our Div.  the Johns and our boys both crowded their respective works what was in the wind I knew not.  he return'd when Genl Meade Wright & Seymour went out and held a confab.  tis reported the 5th Corp has cut loose from the left. & Phil Sheridan with his cavalry is in advance of them.  the heavy ammunition is being moved from the magazines along the works.and hauled to the rear.  after dark the heavy 32 pounders.from the forts and all along the line were.hauled off

 wrote to Mag [p 214, book 6]


                        Tuesday March 28th

Since Mead(sic) was on the line yes terday, there has been no firing along the line.  weather beautiful Geo Rink of Zanesville calld to see me to day.  he was on the last raid with Sherman.  his cavalry or a portion of them are laying near Meads(sic) H.Q.  tis reported that Sher man is at City Point.  the chaplin is down at the point  he will learn all about it.  all the talk is move move.  it looks very much as if we were about to leave these lines.  Qua =ker guns have been mounted al =ong the lines and forts.round pine logs.with the ends painted black.  the QM's have orders to be ready by 7 to morrow morning.  they are to carry 2 pair of shoes for each man.  that looks like a long tramp.  all of our men who were not able to march were sent to the rear.  in the forenoon the chaplin saw all of our boys who are at the Point.  they are all improving none of them have died so far.  Grant Sheridan Meade Old *&* [crossed out] Father Abram.and Com Porter.were in consultation to day.on the condition of the sick man [p 215, book 6] the 24 Corp. have join'd us.  they are camp'd near our Div H.Q.'s the 62d Ohio is in that Corp.  several of the boys went down to see them if we dont move to night.  I will go over to morrow. the Herald reports the rebel lofs on Saturday at 6000 an over estimate I think.  our lofs at 800.  part of our Brig. went out at dusk to relieve the pickets of the 2d Div.  tis reported they are pack'd up, ready to move.  our Div has had no orders yet 8 P.M.  the re =ports in the papers from every part of the army are of the most cheering character.  there will be an awful crash.some of these fine mornings

                                              Wednesday Mar 29

Weather beautiful.  went to Div hospt. after sick call.  the wagons were loaded and hitch'd up.and part of the hospt tents taken down  Gen Ord (com'd the army of the James) and staff pass'd the hospt going to the left.  the 2d Corp left some time during the night.  the 24 Corp take their place.  the 62 is camp'd within sight of our camp.  have not had time to go over to day.  the 25 Corp (colord) are reported to be lying about 4 miles from here.  it has been rumer'd(sic) [p 216, book 6] all day.that they would relieve us.  we have been expecting orders to move all day.  so far 7 P.M. none have come.  heavy cannona =ding was heard for about an hour this afternoon away to the left.  I suppose Sheridan has commenced operations.  the imprefsion seems to be that we will move tonight  telegraphic communication has been extended as far as the look out.  tis a great eye sore to the Johns being 150 feet high.  they cannot move without our knowing it. took a walk outside our works.  pluck'd an early spring flower from the remains of the garden of Gen Pegram (reb) who was kill'd at Hatchers Run  every vestige of the house is gone even the foundation stones.  the official account of our lofses on Sat =urday foot(sic) up 2079.  was awa ken'd about 10 havy(sic) firing to our right.  twas soon follow'd [p 217, book 6]  by heavy musketry.  the long roll was beat, troops were under arms all along our line.  went up to the breastworks had fine view.  the shelling was very heavy. there was a good deal of mortar firing.  the sky was illuminated by the flash of the guns.  it bore a stong re semblance to summer lightning.  the shells look'd like shooting stars.  it slacken'd about 11.  laid down again at midnight.  a heavy volley of musketry was fired along the line of the 2d Div a short while after.  then all was still  the 1st Brig of our Div are now campd to our left. they have been in the rear.

                        Thursday Mar 30th

Sam woke us up about 6.  it com -menced to rain heavily about 4 this morning,and continued till about 4 P.M. today has been a day of war in the elements, and the fierce pas sions of men. heavens artillery roll ing, how puny the sound of guns in comparision.  a heavy battle has been in progrefs  all day.on the left the 2d 5th *&25* [crossed out] th Corps with Sheridans Cav. the cannonading was fearful for a short time.  tis supposed they were striking the South Side road.  heavy [icket firing was open' by [p 218, book 6] the sharpshooters of th 24th Corp adjoining our Brig.  the officers went out and stop'd it.  they came near bringing on an engagement all along the line.  8 P.M all quiet  tis reported to night that our for ces have possesion(sic) of the RR. and have drove the Johns, doubling up their line.  the heavy firing last night was at Fort Hell(sic) the Johns charged twice and were repulsed both times.  I have just got orders from Dr Houston to have enevrything pa =ck'd up.  he says tis expected our men will charge the reb wo =rks during the night.  tis fearful to contemplate the sacrifice of hu man^life^  I feel sick at heart when I think of it.  Oh that they would but lay down their arms, and put an end to the unnatural strife. they cannot but see that they have no shadow of a chance.  laid down with my clothes on expecting to roused about midnight. [p 219, book 6]

                        Friday March 31st

Slept soundly till 6 Oclock. the guard told me there was considerable picket firing during the night. everything was in readinefs for a charge.  the breastw orks near Fort Welsh were pulld down to admit cannon  the ditch fill'd up abattis and obstructions cut down  the 1st Brig of the 2d Div were to have led the charge, at 2 this morning.  twas countermanded. a heavy weight was lifted from the hearts of 1000s of men.  it rain'd heavily all night till 9 this morning, when it clear'd off and the sun shone out brightly  what few peach and apple trees have been spared are in full bloom  the sight of them calls back to my mind.the days when I wenta cou rting of Mag.  she always saved me the nicest peaches.  Ah happy days.  well let me hope.there are many more in store for us.  about ll got orders to pack up.  just as the tents were coming down (wait for further orders)  12 PM. Div H.Q. flag is in front.  stretcher bearers have also gone front.  heavy firing guns & muskets have been heard  =      [unreadable] early this morning,in about the same direction as yesterday.. cant learn anything definite.  our regt [p 220, book 6] is out on picket.  tis reported that a portion of the 24 Corp have carried some of their works and one fort.  the wagons were order'd back to park about 4 P.M.  shanties cover'd and all going on as usual.  firing ceased about dark, except an occa sional gun on the picket line.  the reason the charge was not made.has leak'd out  one of the 106 NY. 1 Brig our Div. deserted soon as it was dark enough, and told them when and where we intended to charge.  4 Johns came in, shortly afterwards and told our boys,  that the plan was known and that they had mafs'd 2 Divs and a lot of artillery.  they were taken to H.Q.s when the order to charge was countermanded.  had our boys attempted it they woud have been slaughterd by 100s.  a ration of whisky was issued to each man this morning

                        Saturday April 1st

Weather has been beautiful all day.  wind a little high.  got [p 221, book 6] a letter from the Ohio State Mility(sic) Agent Washington D.C. containing $10,50 commutation money whilst a prisoner.  I sent the necessary papers about a week ago.  it has cost me abo =ut $5,50 to get my clothes and boots etc fix'd.  I am now fix'd up fist(sic) rate for a campaign.  Geo. McMillan of Co. I. came up to us late last night  he was taken prisoner on the 6th of May.  he has been thro the mill.  he was 4 months and 20 getting to our lines after he escaped.  he has been promoted to 2d Lieut  everything has been very quiet all day, with the exception of occasional cannonading to the left.  tis rumor'd that Sheridan has been check'd  I scarcely think it.  he does not often fail.  at roll call, the stretcher bearers cam up to the regt.  something is in the wind sure enough,(something did come up) about 10 PM. Battery Welsh & Fisher open'd out, follow'd shortly after by all the batteries along the line.  orders came for the regts to fall out, and leave their traps in camp.  about midnight we pack'd up and went to the Div hospt.

                         Sunday April 2d

The cannonading continued all night.  twas terrific.  it literally shook the ground.  it resembled fearful peals of thunder.  without a moments [p 222, book 6] intermission for nearly 8 hours.  at intervals the musketry would peal forth and almost drown the cannon  our Corp. charg'd the works in their front about daylight and carried them, capturing a number of prisoners 4 forts and all the cannon.  the 6th Ma. had the honor of planting the first flag on the rebel works.  Sher idan in the mean time had gain'd a complete victory on the extreme left capturing between 3 & 4000, so tis reported.  the 6th Corp had the honor of breaking the reb line and opening the ball.  the wounded commenced to come in about 6, and continued tell(sic) nearly noon.  got them all fix'd up by about 4P.M.  our Div lost 230 wounded, our regt had but one man, Tom Higgins Co H. he lost his left foot.  heavy firing was kept one part of the line or the other till towards evening.  the rebs were driven in all direc tions after our Corp broke the line  in the mean time the other portions of the army moved up and flank'd the Johns on all sides.  where our [p 223, book 6] regt is now 6 P.M. I know not.  twas 2 miles beyond the South side in the forenoon.  tis said we have captured 70 pieces of cannon and between 10 & 15000 prisoners.  the pontoin(sic) train was order'd to be at Petersburg.  Gen Wright said he would eat his supper in Petersburg to day.  it has been a glorious day for our arms (if glory there is when so much sorrow and suffering is entailed)  and the bully 6th Corp, we had 14 wounded Johns in our hospt.with 2 exceptions they acknowledged that the game was up with them, and they would gladly quit. glorious news.  Petersburg and Richmond both over.  Jeff Davis and minions fleeing from the wrath to come.  the chaplin and I laid down about 8.  Dr Childs wa ked me up about 10, to attend to getting off the wounded.  was up all night.

                           Monday Ap 3d

Busy all day at one thing or ano ther.  I drest the wounds of all [p 224, book 6] the Johnnies.  they were not sent off till about noon.  everything was pack'd up ready for a move. got orders about 4.  the troops have all moved off in the direction of Lynchburg.  went up to the old camp to get a bottle of medicine that was left. there was not a soul round the old camp. it had been broken.  went over to the house opposite Fort Fisher, where there was a safe[?] guard.  concluded to stay there until morning, as I knew the hospt train would have moved before I could get back

                          Tuesday Ap 4th

Pass'd a poor night. felt sick. fag'd(sic) out.  took a little whisky.  did not make things better.  the first I have tasted for 3 months.  had warm biscuit for breakfast.  struck out for Petersburg the guard and I.  he had been there for 6 weeks.  pass'd over the reb works and thro some of the forts.  they were not as strong works as we had.  pic k'd up a reb officers over coat in one of the works.  Will try and get [p 225, book 6] it home if I can.  a Brig of the 9th Corp are doing Provo duty in Petersburg  learn'd from them that our Corp started on the Lynchburg road about 3 Oclock yesterday afternoon.  bout faced and started.  2 miles out of Petersburg.pass'd Lee's H.Q.s now in ruins.  A.P.Hill was shot by one of out scouts not far from here he lived to be carried home.  his wife was here.  pass'd several reb hospts. full of sick and wounded  the road runs nearly paralell(sic) with the South Side R.R. it is in  good or der.  Sheridan first struck it about 16 miles from Petersburg. here it was torn up for a considerable distance  water tanks destroy'd etc etc.  in the afternoon came up with our Corp train.  kept along with it.  went into park about 6.  the roads are very bad.  should it rain they would be almost impassable.  fortunately the weather has been fine.  as a general thing the country is very poor  there are a few good houses, but the owners as a general thing have left.  the Nigs are master of the situation.  foraging is one of the lost arts.  a stray hog or sheep is [p 226, book 6] the only things of the kind here.  all has been clean'd out by the Johns or driven off.  laid down in the woods tired enought having marched 24 miles.

                         Wednesday Ap 5th

Got up about 6 and had break fast.  push'd ahead and came up with our regt wagon.  Geo Waxler.put my traps in.  I got into the wagon and rode about 3 miles.  the supply train went up to the regt late last night.  if I had known it, I would have gone  cross'd the road several times during the day.  pass'd 3 or 4 large fields of fine wheat and some of oats.  the house of a Mr Hobbs.30 miles from Petersburg was literally gutted.  he left the day bef ore.  he left 30 nigs behind.  the house had been splendidly furnish'd.  pass'd at least 50 tons of leaf Tob.  pack'd up in hogsheads.  the boys took all they wanted  some of the boys belonging to our Brig who pass'd thro Petersburg.made quite a haul of Kilakanie & plug tob, military clothing etc etc. in fact from what I can learn they pill aged everything they could lay their hands on.  park'd about 6 took [p 227, book 6] supper with Lieut Stultz.  he says I must stay with him till I can get up to the regt.  the wall tent was pit ch'd.  laid down about 8, tired.  made about 18 miles.

                         Thursday Ap 6th

Got up about 6.  it rain'd a little dur ing the night.  had hot corn cakes for breakfast.  did not get on the way till about 10.  did not make much head way for the first mile or two. some portions of the road was tolerable good.  others wretched.  halted ab =out 2. cook'd dinner.  met Gribben who is with this portion of the train.  met with B.J. Campbell Ast Surg of the 87 Pa  he offer'd me a seat in his ambulance which I gladly accepted.  my feet being very sore.  whilst we halted for dinner the supply train for our Div. started for the front.  I could not make it, so I concluded to stay with the Doc. who thot we would go up in the morning.  laid all after noon at the halting place then mo ved 1/2 mile and park'd at Nottaway Court House.  we have made but 8 miles to day.  heavy cannonading [p 228, book 6] has been going on all day, now 8 P.M.  there is boom. boom. going on.  tis reported that Lee is going to make a stand at Amelia Court House.  I hope they will make a stand, and not re treat any further, then the game will be play'd out.  pass'd thro 2 cotton fields.  saw 17 bales in a barn.  the coun =try a good portion of it resembled the wildernefs, tho not quite so dense. can hear nothing from the front.  have had no papers since March 30th  tis reported that 1000 prisoners and 200 wagons have been captured since we left Petersburg.  a portion of the 9th Corp pass'd to the front about 4

                          Friday Ap 7th

Rose about 5, had orders to move at 6, got on the way about 7. went up to the Court House. tis  a small affair, 2 rooms.  in a seperate(sic) building was the clerks office.  both buildings were brick.  deeds, dockets law books etc etc were scatter'd all over the floor and yard.  it boasts a tavern *and* [crossed out] 4 houses, and a church, not forgetting a stone jail.  on a small scale.  altogether tis a pitiable [p 229, book 6] sorry scurvy looking Country town.  the most wretched apoligy(sic) I have seen since I have been out, and I have seen some hard looking places.  put my traps in the ambulance, and rode all day.  got into Burksville about 3.  the road was wretched.  not much fir =ing was heard on the road.  this is the junction of the South Side road and Dan ville RR. Grants H.Q.s are here.  the Doc in charge of the train (Campbell) saw Dr Dalton.  he said he had received orders from Gen Meade to establish hos pital. he expected 1200 wounded.  we nt round with the Doc and collected the passes, and dispensed for some.  about 5 prisoners commenced to pafs  there was about 5 or 9 peices(sic) of artillery.  as a general thing they look'd pretty hard, drest in almost anything and everything.  they were captured by Sheridans Cav. and the 1st & 3 Div of our Corp.  our Div charged mid waist deep in water and carried everything before them. 8 Genl were captured amongst them Ewell, Early, Gordon & Com Hollins. it appears when they blew up their gun boats, they sent all the marines into the field as infantry [p 230, book 6] I saw quite a number of them.  squads of them are being sent to the rear by other roads.  the whole number captu =red will probably ammount to 10,000  28 flags were captured.  just at dusk 200 more prisoners came in.  was waken'd up about 9.  the supply train is going to the front.  wrote to Mag.  got on the way by midnight

                         Saturday Ap 8th

March'd all night.  twas a beautiful night.  moon shining brightly.  cross'd 3 streams.  the bridges had all been des =troy'd.  after we crofs'd the last stream the country improved very much.  a broad valley spreading out, studded with good large farm houses. tobacco seems to be the principal staple.  on every farm the =re is several large drying houses.for drying and preparing the weed.  a little cotton is raised.  pass'd over the battle field of yesterday  twas a rough country to fight in.  the usual evidences of a hard fought battle field met the eye at every step.  graves in every direction.  the rebs des troy'd a portion of the splendid viaduct crossing the head of the valley.on the Rich [p 231, book 6] mond and Lynchburg road I believe.  the bridge at Farmville a fine structure was entirely  destroy'd.  got into Farmville Prince George [Edward] co at 10. Grants H.Q.s are here now.  tis a nice town containing 3 churches and several fine buisinefs(sic) houses. our troops captured about 250 large cases of fine chew ing tob. and 25 bales of cotton.  twas guarded.  I literally walk'd on tob. in passing thro the town, plug & twist 100s of lbs of it was scatterd all over the streets and sidewalks  there was about a regt of Johns.with their Col at their head.preparing to go North for their health.  our Corp was marching out as I got into town.  went to Bill Wiles and got something to eat. they al though that I had gone up.  Capt Wood of the ambulance Corp has just come from Gen Grants HQs  Lee has sent in a flag of truce to know what terms Grant will voushafe if he will surrender.  he is surrounded and cannot possibly get out.  sae Dr McCandlifs got liberty to ride in the ambulance.  go on the way again about 3.  did not park till near midnight.  made about 15 miles. could not dfind the Docters(sic).  went back to the train.  had supper and laid down before the fire on my gum without any covering.  about 1/2 past 1,    [p 232, book 6]

                        Sunday April 9th.

Bill Wiles woke me up.about 5. got break fast, and went to hunt up the Docters(sic)  found them in the woods. started out at 7.  heavy firing has been heard to our left all morning. and late last evening.  a few miles out of (New Store) as the place is call'd where we camp'd last night, pass'd thro where the rebs had park'd a train.which they had destroy'd. H.Q. wagons. ambulances and the number of 100 the ammu =nition they destroy'd.  all along the road we met with burn'd wagons caissons, hospt tents poles etc etc. halted for about an hour at noon and got dinner. the country is a little hillier but still good.  considerable wheat is planted march'd on again and halted in a wheat field at 3 P.M.  rations came up just in time yesterday. our crowd (the Docs) had nothing left but coffee.  tis reported Lee wanted 3 days to get his army together before he surrendered  Grant couldn't see it, so the war goes on. I had just put my journal in my poc =ket.when I saw Gen Seymour ride up to the officers of his staff and wave his hat. then a band struck up a national air.  Lee has surrendr'd is whisper'd round. can it, is it possible.  yes sure enough.for here comes officers from the front. riding like mad.  presently Gen Seymour gallop'd up to our Div. [p 233, book 6] Immortal[??] American History [writ large]

he rein'd up.and said he had been com mission by Gen Meade. to inform his Div that Gen Lee. had surrender'd the Army of Northern Va. to Genl Grant.  then burst forth such cheers, hats thrown up, then more cheers.  deafning(sic) cheers is heard on the roadside.  our camp is about 1/4 mile from the road.  ran down.  here comes Genl Meade Wright and staff.  Gen Meade pass'd thro the troops uncover'd. they crowded round him so.that he could scarcely move along.  Brig. & Div. commanders,  came riding in.  they had been to the front to learn partic ulars.  as each one came in.they were chee red lustily.  one of the most impressive sights I ever witnefs'd occur'd in our Div.  Div. Brig. and Regt. flags.were all formd together in front of the Div. and all the officers, speeches.short and pithy were made by Seymour, Keifer and some others all breathing a kindly spirit.towards the fallen foe.  conciliation and kindnefs tow ards them. Praise God etc. to the tune of that grand old anthem the Old Hundred was sung, then prayer by Chaplin Fort 151 N.Y. 1st Brig. with 9 cheers for the glor =ious old star spangled banner.  they return'd to their quarters at dusk.  Each battery belonging to our Corp fired a salute.  thank God they fired [p 234, book 6] blank catridges(sic).  no more solid shot or shell, their occupations gone..  This day has amply repaid ne, for all the hard ships I have suffer'd, such unbounded joy, nay delerious(sic) outburst of pent up feeling, twas my priviledge to wit nefs.  bronzed faced hardy soldiers.who had faced death 100s of time shook hands with each other, tears coursing down their cheeks.  I cannot analyse my fee lings. I was intoxicated for a short time. they had a display of fire works at Div H.Q. with the apparatus of the signal Corp  Keifer was sitting at his table when he heard the news,officially.  he hurrah kick'd over tables dishes and jump'd on his horse.  Gen Seymour.embraced Keifer as they met in front of the Div.  even now I can scarcely realize that tis a fact  laid done(sic) in a happy frame of mind

                        Monday April 10th

It rain'd considerable during the night and has continued nearly all day.  we are camp'd on Abbots Farm. Thomas occupied Lynchburg on Sunday mor ning.  no wonder Lee surrenderd.  the last battle of importance was fought on Thursday afternoon by our Corp at Sailors Run. here the marine Brig [p 235, book 6] surrender'd to Gen Keifer.  Dr Houston  & Bryant went out to the front. there is 30,000 effective men.with all the munitions of war.  the heavy wagons of the ambulance train started back for Burksville this evening, 3 days rations were issued, wrote to Mag.  Capt Powers Co [blank]  got a fine gold  watch out of the pocket a rebel Col who was kill'd on the field.  several others captured fine swords and pistols.  Geo Lloyd Co A. captured a rebel flag.

                         Tuesday Ap 11th

Got up at 5.  moved out at 6, bout face, march.  our faces are turn'd homewards.  how cheerfully we all turn'd our back, towards what was rebeldom.  march'd very hard.  made New Store by 11.  had dinner and set out.  camp'd in the woods about 7 miles from Farmville at 4.  the prisoners are still in our rear.  whether they are paroled or are to be brot North I cannot find out  onnone seems to know.  tis reported Sherman has flax'd out Johnston.  I should think that Lee had full authority over all the reb cause them to lay down their arms.  tis a uselefs sacrifice of life.  Lee was the Keystone of [p 236, book 6] of the arch.  once removed, down it came.  the weather has been very disagreeable, misty missely(sic), day  the roads are in an awful condi =tion all along the road the boys awere calling to each other oh Jim, Tom Jack Harry, are you going home yes siree, by the first train.  all are anxious to get home as soon as possible, none more than myself  tis reported Keifer said he would have the Ohio regts in his Brig in Columbus in 10 days.  so be it, I say.  before we left camp all the arms were fired off.  it sounded like a brisk enga gement for a short time.  I hope tis the last time I will ever hear it.  all the bumm mers and shulkers.who come up.are toss'd in a blanket a la Sanco(sic) Panza.  tis rare sport.  they enjoy it much,

                       Wednesday April 12th

To day 4 years ago they fired on Su mter(sic).  then rose the North, as one man.  what untold misery and des olation they brot on  our country.  to day Major Anderson.who so bravely de fended (Old Glory) hoists the sme flag on the same spot.  Henry Ward [p 237, book 6] Beecher is to deliver an addrefs in Fort Sumter(sic).  what a revolution, the apostle of abolitionism, in the stonghold of slavery.  that curse is wiped out.  pull'd out at 6.  march'd like Jehu.  did not halt till we got a mile on the other side of Farm =ville, where we halted at noon for dinner  the rebs have several good hospts here (wood en ones)  the bands play'd and each regt un -furl'd its flag as we pass'd thro.  not many citizens were to be seen.  the dark element predominates.  very few Nigs are following us.  as a general thing they are staying at home.  a citizen of Farmville was standing at his gate, selling out his interest in rebel dom, at a cent on the dollar. several of the boys bought a hundred dollars worth the trash for one dollar. how the mighty are fallen.. Oh chivalry where is thy blush.  camp'd about 3 Oclock about 4 miles from Farmville.  one of the 9th Corp (they are guarding the road from Petersburg to Lynchburg) told me that Grant, Lee & Sheridan pass'd thro here, yesterday afternoon  the road is in running order a few miles from here.  we heard the whistle of the locomotive on the Lyn chburg end of the road.  weather fine sun shone out beautifully all after noon [p 238, book 6]

                       Thursday April 13th

It rained heavily during the night and continued till about 9 A.M.  had marchng orders for 7.  did not get off till 1/2 past 10 waiting of(sic) the 2d Div to Crofs a swamp in our rear we were fortunate in getting over last night.  the artillery horses were unh itched and the men hauled them over.  the roads were in an awful condition. artillery, wagons, ambulances everything on wheels got stuck all along the road.  struck the RR. at Rice's Station.  I followed it to Burkesville,where I arrived an hour before the column.  camp'd in the woods about 2 miles east of Burkville(sic).  saw 100's of the paroled rebs, who are returning home wiser & better men.  they are all troia[?] out and glad tis over.  all the prisoners were paroled on the field.  Lee amongst the rest  the officers were allowed to retain their side arms.  I saw Gen Gordon & Wilcox reb) on their way home.  rations were issued at 10 P.M.  whisky amongst the rest.  it has been a hard days march  we never stop to get anything to eat  got supper about 6.

                        Friday April 14th

Early this morning got 2 letters one from Mag, other from Kate [p 239, book 6] the baby is very ill with inflamation of the lungs.  she says Dr Bell does not think she will recover.  her fears magnify.the danger.  Kates letter is several dady[?] later  she says Mag. and the baby are both unwell but improving.  I shall feel anxious till I get another letter.  Dr Bryant received his commission as Surg of the 197 Ohio  he has not concluded whether he will ac cept it or not.  I would not like to lose him  he is a kind genial man, and has always treated an equal.  sun shone out beautifully all day.  tis drying day.with us. the blankets are all soaking wet

                       Saturday April 15th

It commenced to rain about midnight and has continued to rain heavily till 3 P.M. mud, mud, mud.  roads without bottom.  Chris Bauers came up to the Co last night.  he has been missing ever since we left Petersburg.  Geo Waxler has just told me that 10 days rations are or =der'd in the wagons, and 4 in the mens haversacks.  that looks as if we had another march before us, but tis impossible to move now.  should the weather clear up twill be 4 or 5 dyas, before trains can move  where the devil can they be going to send us.  I was in hopes our marching was over  wrote to mag. yesterday.  had a long chat last evening with Dr Bryant.  he wishes me [p 240, book 6] to take the management of a drug store for him. soon as I am out of the service  he makes me a good offer.  I know no one I would sooner be with than him.  I shall accept it.  nothing from Sherman yet  tis strange we dont hear from him   about 7 P.M. the news came to the army (officially) that the President had been assasinatedsic) at Fords Theatre, a pistol ball entering his head, and that he could not possibly recover, that Sec Seward and son were both dead.  it fell on the army like a thunderbolt.  it stun'd(sic) us.  we could not bring ourselves to believe that the enemy would resort to such dastarly(sic) conduct.  I feel worse than I did when I heard of the defeat, at the first battle of Bull Run.  has it come to this.  cool blooded murder, is their weapons.

                                             Sunday April 16th

To day the weather has been beautiful  sun shining out and fine breeze.  got a letter from Mag.  the baby is much better and will I think get well.  it has relieved my mind of a heavy weight.  wrote to Mag.  she  thinks we will all be home in a few weeks.  I wish I could think so.  yesterdays news puts a different face on the matter  the policy of the government will I make [p 241, book 6] no doubt, be chang'd considerably, towards the few still in arms.  kindnefs, forbearance conciliation, as the boys say, is play'd out  if they ply the assasians(sic) trade they must take the consequences.  the army breathes no =thing but vengance(sic), should Lincoln die.  woe betide the rebs who fall into the hands of our men. Dr Houston read the dispatch it said he could not live.  Seward and son were not kill'd but, dangerously wounded.  up to 5 P.M. have had no news in relation to the matter.  I begin to hope.that there is a chance for his life.  oh how anxious we all are to learn something.  the country could ill spare such a man at this critical juncture.  his death should carry unfeign'd sorrow to the hearts of millions. we learn'd at roll call that he died yesterday morning at 7.  nothing official has been received, but there is no dou =bt of his death.  he was the moblest work of God.  An honest man, and unflinching champion of human rights, in the largest acceptation(sic) of the term.  freedom was his guiding star.  he has left a name that will never die.

                        Monday April 17th

Another beautiful day.  Dr Bryant left us this morning.  we were all sorry to see him go, yet glad of his promotion.  he has earn'd it, by his kindnefs and atten [p 242, book 6] tion to all under his charge.  Geo. Lloyd goes home in the morning on a 30 days leave for capturing a flag.  the flags captured by the 6th Corp (21) were presented to Genl Meade to day.  he made a thrilling speech and accorded the honor of the dispersing Lee's army to the greek crofs.  he could not have praised them more than he did  we all feel proud of it.  fix'd up our quarters with spruce and clean'd up.  camps are laid out in regular order.  Adam Winegarner returnd this afternoon.

                       Tuesday Aprtil 18th

Weather still fine. Gen Ricketts has assum'd com'd of the Div.  Seymour.takes comd of the 1st Brig. Keifer continues to com'd the 2d.  Lem & Harry are to return to their cos. Dr Houston is running the machine alone.  I suppose no Asst Surg will be appointed whist we remain out.  the consequence is that he does not need so much help. twill go tough with Lem, he never having been with the Co.  about 30,000 muskets are stack'd cord wood.down at the station, and 82 peices(sic) [p 243, book 6] of cannon.  30 of them were dug up, they buried them and put up headboards, but some of Sheridans scouts were amongst them, asssisting them at the interrment.  after the surrender they pointed out the place, and they were ressurrected.(sic)

                                          Wednesday April 19th

Beautiful weather.  saw a paper of the 18. Richmond Whig.  the particulars of of(sic) Lincolns assasination(sic) is publish'd in it.  a son J.B. Booth the eminent tra gedian is supposes(sic) to be the double dyed villian that committed the deed  our Brig was drawn up in hollow square a hy =mn sung, prayer by Chap Feigt.[?] Chap Houston [Huston] made a short addrefs. Gen Keifer.spoke, fol low'd by Major Wood.  the President was buried at 3 this afternoon, the time we held the service  Oh sorrowful day, never to be forgotten.  I hope & trust Johnston(sic) will come up to the mark.  he has a glorious chance to redeem the one error of his life.  Geo McMillen was musterd in as 2d Lieut from Ap 1st and assign'd to Co. I.  Moible(sic) is ours.with all its munitions and garrison.  tis reported that Moseby his(sic) given himself up.  he has(sic) not included in the surren der.  he said he would fight to the last, but [p 244, book 6] I suppose he thot better of it, and concluded he had better save his neck

                                           Thursday April 20th

Weather fine.  slight shower in the morn heavy thunder and lightning at dusk, no rain.  70 wagons from our Div. went out on a foraging expidition(sic).  they went to Lunens burg C.H. 20 miles  the county town it consists of 4 houses and the C.H.  they loaded up with corn and corn fodder  they did not get back till 10 at night. the papers are full of the assasination(sic) of the President.  Booth is still at large. a number of arrests have been made.  there is no doubt,but twas a deep laid plan to cut off the Prs. Vic(sic) Prs. and the whole of the Cabinet.  Al Hammond has been pro moted to Sergt. Wilder to corp.  he is one of the new recruits.  Charley Church tore of(sic) his stripes, and fell in as a private in the rear rank.  he feel(sic) think that he is still where he was when he came our & others from the ranks.promoted over him.

                                             Friday April 21st

Weather fine slight shower. after dark rode down to the station.  they are still shipping the cannon, the muskets are all ship'd(sic).  wagons amublances etc etc are still lying round in every dir =extion.  the road is in an awful con dition 5 or 6 engines lie buried in [p 245, book 6] the mud between here & Petersburg.  they do not run more than about 6 miles an hour.  our regt & the 67 Pa moved acrofs the road into the woods.  the Brig was rather crowded.  we will not move, I think.  dont feel very well.  have not for the last 3 or 4 days  took 8 blue pills during the night

                                            Saturday April 22d

Weather beautiful.  awoke by the sing ing & chirping of the birds.  how still & quiet everyting is. no loud mouth'd can =non.or sharp musketry, jar upon the ear.  we now lay down at night without the fear of being rous' pack up, sk =in out, or the fear of a shell bursting in camp, as twas at  Petersburg.  Paxson the sutter came up.for some fresh butter (50 cts)pr some flour from the Commisary Sam. bak;d some nice cakes.  got some potatoes.  took a dose of salts.  felt pretty slim all day.  tis rep orted, officially information has been received that Johnston has surrendrd

                         Sunday April 23d

At 3 this  morning orders came to send all serious sick to Div hospt; another move on hand.  started from camp about 7.  moved to the station.  twas 11 AM before we left Burkville(sic)  well here we go back again.  Danville, is supposed to be the point.  dont know positively [p 246, book 6] fine day for marching, wind blowing as for me, twas a little too cold.  felt very unwell all day.  halted about 5 and got supper.  moved out again and camp'd at dusk,having made 20 miles from camp. the country was poorly cultivated houses all on the ramshackled(sic) order. the RR for about 10 miles is laid with strap rail.  met quite a number of paroled and des erter rebs.  Johnston is at Greensboro and still holds out. what the devil is he think =ing of.

                                            Monday appril 24th

It froze during the night. pass'd a mis erable night.  this morning I am so hoarse I can scarcely speak. pull'd out about 5.  march'd a considerable distance on the R.R.  after we left the road the country improved very  much, a greater breadth of land being under cultivation.  corn is 6 inches high.  some fields of wheat were from 12 to 18 inches high.  this section is about a month earlier than our part of Ohio. halted at noon on the banks of the Little Roanokoe(sic), a small stream.  push'd ahead again till 5 P.M when we camp'd about a mile from Staunton River. march'd about 22 mil(sic) [p 247, book 6]  conversed with a reb who left Johnston a few days ago.  Beauregard made a spee ch to them the day before.and told them the next move would be home.  not that they were beaten, but overpower'd.  of course, he still thinks one Southerner is equal to a host of Yanks, but they have overpower'd him.  poor fellow.  I think he must be descended from an old Gascony family. pass's a very fine private res idence own'd by a Mr Green.  tis the 1st good house I have seen in this section

   Loyd  Co   . attempted to commit suicide by shooting himself thro the head.   fortunately he only inflicted an ugly sca =lp wound.  for 3 or 4 days past he had sh =own slight traces of aberation(sic) of mind but nothing serious.  he will recover from the wound.

                                            Tuesday April 25th

Pull'd out about 6.  cross'd the river on pontoons. halted at noon and got dinner. pass'd thru Mount Laurel a small place.about a dozen houses, 3 or 4 good residences.  one of them had a brick hot house.  saw peas and strawberries in blossom.  snowball bushes in full flow =er. the nigs. gave us some, tulips were scatterd over the garden. it look'd pretty [p 248, book 6]  what a contrast to the dreary waste ro =und Petersburg.  the roads since we left Burksville have been in splendid order  sun shone out all day, warm marching  camp'd at 1/2 past 3.on the hill over Bannister River which we crofs'd on a substantial wooden bridge.  Halifx C.H. is in sight.  made 18 miles.  I feel a little better to day, but am far from being well.  I have considerable fever.  went down to the river and had a good wash.  scores of the boys.were in bathing.  the water is very cold.  tis a muddy deep stream, not quite as wi de as the (Staunton River.) is about as wide as the Licking [Ohio]

                                          Wednesday April 26th

Pull'd out about 7.  march'd thro Hali fax, bands playing and flags flying.  it boasts of 2 taverns a post office and a fine brick C.H. and 1 church.  there are a few good houses in it. march'd till 3 Oclock before we halted for dinner  halted at Birch Creek.for about an ho =ur, the push'd ahead and halted [p 249, book 6] about 1/2 past 7.  made about 20 miles  march'd for several miles thro fine whe at fields.  tis heading will be fit to cut by the 1st of June. peaches are the size of marbles.  pull'd some fine onions just before I got to camp.  potatoes are hill'd up.  the houses all along the route are as a gene ral thing.large fine houses.surrounded by negro quarters.  Mofes what a host of nigs there is round them all colors. all sizes all ages.  this used to be a great slave breeding section.  horrible trade.  shame where is thy blush. then, forsooth they were chivalry out in[?] such, I say, but tis finish'd

                                           Thursday April 27th

As I was about lying down last night a kettle of boiling water upset and scal ded the heel of my right foot. it pain'd me a good deal during the night.  the chaplin open'd the blisters this morning, put some salve on it.  the chaplin and Doc. let me ride their horses. pull'd out about 6. weather very warm.  halted about noon for dinner, within 5 miles of Danville.  moved out in about an [p 250, book 6] hour.  pass'd thro Danville.  cross'd the Dan river on a splendid wooden bri =dge.  the rebs has(sic) commenced to cut it in two in the centre, but for some reason desisted.  the RR crosses it a little lower down, by a fine bridge unimpair'd  the round house engine shops and all the rolling stock were intact.  tis a nice built thriving town and in the good time past.must have done a good businefs  there was 4 drug stores in it.  the finest building in town is an unfinish'd brick hotel, only the walls are up.  quite a num ber of rebel officers and met(sic) were on the side walks and on the steps of the hou =ses to see us pafs.  they, and the citizens generally, look'd very downcast and dejected.  a barbers shop was in oper =ation, the only buisinefs(sic) doing.  I sup pose he would charge a dollar in green backs to shave the rebs.their faces are so long.  the river is nearly as wide as the Muskingum [Ohio] but shallow.  there is qui =te a number of forts round the town.  camp'd at 4 P.M. about 1 mile out of [p 251, book 6] town in a wood, thick with underbrush.  water is scarce.for cooking purposes.  the country thro which we pass'd to day is much poorer than yesterday.  the houses poor and poverty stricken.  John Campbell Co.I. who was taken prisoner at Cedar Creek came to us to day.  he left the rebs or rather they left him about a week ago.  he was making for Richmond.and drop'd(sic) crofs us.  Booth was kill'd near Port some of our cavalry.  I would much rather that he had been taken alive and been hung

                        Friday April 28th

Weather fine all day.  moved camp in the afternoon.  the Div is scatter'd over the hills, a regt in each place.  tis the nicest camping ground we have ever been on.  water and rails handy.  an order was read to the troops this afternoon that John ston had surrender'd on the same time as Lee, so ends this blasted hell devised rebellion.  if we could but get hold of Davis.and a few of the leading spirits and hang them. twould be a fitting and just finale.  tents came up. and all the regt baggage.  camps laid out in regular order.  I hope we willlay here and rest. then for home. [p 252, book 6]

                       Saturday April 29th

Weather very fine.  100 of our regt have went out on picket this morning.  the boys have fix'd up good quarters.  they tore down 5 or 6 tobacco houses and barns. and built up ther shelter tents.  we have put up the fly for eating in.  rig'd(sic) up a table and seats.  they are busy making out the pay rolls.  my foot feel pretty sore. rations are pretty scarce  7 lack [tack] were issued to day to last till Monday

                        Sunday April 30th

It rain'd considerably during the night  has been fine all day. Dr Houston the chap lin & I  went to town in the forenoon.  took a walk round.  it contains 4 churches the private residences are poor as a general thing, only one having any pre =tensions to style.  it is a fine house and surrounded by fine grounds.  I should jud =ge it had a population of 2 or 3000 before the rebellion.  1 Brig of the 2d Div are doing Provo duty in town.  almost every large building in town had been used as prisons for our men.  pass'd by several of them.  attended service in the Baptist chu rch.  heard a good sermon.  he never hinted at the state of the country either in prayer or sermon  the church is in a delapedated(sic) condition.  the plastering on the ceiling having all fallen off  reb & Union officers & soldiers were scat ter'd oave the house.  about 75 citizens prin cepally females composed the congregation  a paper has been publish'd here since [p 253, book 6] the day our troops occupied it. got 5 copies of Saturdays paper.  gave mine to Lieut Stulz(sic) who sent it to the editor of the Zanesville Courier.  tis call'd the Sixth Corp and is sold at 10 cts a copy.  tis a small 1/2 sheet.  Meades addrefs to the 6th Corp. and Wrights last order complimenting us for our march to this pla e were publish'd in it.

                          Monday May 1st

May has come upon us Cold and bluste =ry.  sun shining but cool.  50 men from our regt under com'd of Capt Hendershot started this morning for Milton, about 8 ot 10 miles from here in N.C. they go to garrison the town.  they do not know how long they will stop. the road is open'd thro to Richmond.  we will get mail to day or to morrow

                          Tuesday May 2d

Sun shining all day but still rather cool  saw the Herald of the 25th.  Sherman is appears granted them more liberal terms than Grant  the papers denounced him in unmesured terms.  his shilly  shallying with Johnston. enabled Davis and the rest of the dam'd(sic) traitors to escape to Mexico.  he has kill'd himself, dead as a dutch devil. there is some movement in our Corp.  the 1st Div. have gone in the direction of Burk ville(sic).  our Corp are to guard the road from Burkville(sic) to this point

                         Wednesday May 3d

Weather fine.with cool wind.  got a letter from Mag. the mail came in late last night.  poor lafs, she [p 254, book 6] has a hard time with Kate & Pat.  they are using her very harshly, hurting her feelings in regard to me.  well I will pay them up.when I get home  wrote to her. cheering her up.all in power.  Oh that I were at home once more.  the Doc & Chap. were down at the reb burying fround. there is about 1000 graves. reb & Union.  15 from our regt. amongst them G. Zelhart Co K   J Ritchey, C.    W. Hainsworth B.   J. Finley E.   M. Burneworth [Burnworth] E.   T Blanfield [Blampied] B.   J. Shepard [Sheppard] B.   A Joclyn A.  the others have no head boards. and I have not seen the register.  an order was read this evening assigning us to duty on the RR.  the 126th Ohio are to be Station'd at Clover Station.  the rest of the Brig. are to be station'd at South Boston a few miles north [ actually south] of Halifax.  details being made to guard the road.

                         Thursday May 4th

One year ago  .the campaign comm =enced.which has resulted in the res =toration of the Union.  what events have been crowded in that short space of time  years have been crowded into days.  the nation is disenthrall'd from slavery and the Union on a firmer basis than ever.  the order for our move has been countermanded  the 9th N.Y. guard the road from here to Burksville.

[p 255, book 6] there is 12 stations.  they have 12 Cos in their regt.  a circular from the Adjt Genl Office in Washington, brings the pleasing intelligence that the army is to be musterd out soon as possible.  I judge from its ten or. that we will be muster'd out by the mid dle of June. weather fine.   slight shower in the afternoon. ware(sic) muster'd in for 2 months pay on the last day of Ap. which day was my birth day being 38 or 39 I know not which. [born 30 April, 1826]

                          Friday May 5th

To day the weather has been warmer than it has been so far this month.  orders have been received to discharge all men.not fit for service.  the Chap and I went out to the pickets, our regt being on picket.  the N.C.  line is almost within a stones throw  feel quite unwell.  headache and sick

                         Saturday May 6th

Weather very warm.  no papers or news.  dull dull.  Sam got a ham from the commisary the first we have had for a good while.  beans we re issued to day.  got a letter from Mag things are moving on more smoothly  the baby is still very sick. I fear she will not live.

                          Sunday May 7th

Feel a good deal better. Wilson of our Co. started home on furlough this mor ning.  I sent a letter and parcel [p 256, book 6] with him. weather very warm.  the chaplin preach'd this morning & evening

                          Monday May 8th

Weather warm.  thunder during the afternoon. sprinkel'd(sic) a little.  all the sick form the Div. were sent to City Point.  we had none but Loyd.  I drest his head before he sta =rted. his mind is still affected. he will be sent to the military asylum.  13 discharges from our regt were approved, all that were sent up.  potatoes & pickles were issued to day.  got a Herald of the 5th.  nothing of importance in it Jeff is still at large.  Shermans troops are mar =ching on Alexandria.  the 14 Corp pass'd thro Burksville 3 days ago.

                         Tuesday May 9th

Weather cool and cloudy.  it rain'd during the night. about 10 last night.several of Gen Keifers staff came to our Cols quarters, tight as bricks.  they kick'd up a devil of a fufs till midnight, singing & halloeing.  had it been a few privates.they would have been put under arrest.and sent to the guard house  what an example.they set the men.  did they but know how it saps the con fidence of the men, they would be more circumspect in thier conduct [p 257, book 6]

                        Wednesday May 10th

Weather very warm.  Gen Ricketts wife has come on.  that looks as if we wou =ld stay here awhile. Chris.Bauers started home on furlough abut 3 this morning.

                                             Thursday May 11th

Still very warm, cool breeze blowing occasionally.  3 cos of our regt went out on picket this morning. details are made daily from each regt. to load the mac =hinery on the cars from the arsenal.  tis the old Harpers Ferry machinery.  there is a vast quantity of shot and shell, and other munitions still here  twill take 10 days at least to ship it all away  100s of citizens, soldiers, women and children come into town get pro visions from the commissary.  they wo =uld starve were it not for the assistance they receive.  let us hope that it will be a means of bringing them back to their allegiance. and making good citizens of them.  Capt Smith 126 O.V.I.  was caught last night by some of the boys near the house on this plantation, in close contact with a yellow girl.  before he could escape they surrounded them and took them up to the house.  such [p 258, book 6] cheering and yelling, he will never hear the last of it as long as he is in the army.  to mend the matter he is a married man.  he had better leave, if he don't he ought to be dismiss'd the service

                                               Friday May 12th

It commenced to rain about roll call and continued till about 4 in the morning.  weather rather cool  there is some talk of an early move  had strawberries at supper last evening.  Dr Houston & the chaplin got them in N.C. about 6 miles from here.  50 cts a quart.  our sut =ler is up with a good stock of goods

                        Saturday May 13th

Weather very warm, cool during the night.  orders came as far as Div. H.Q. for us to move by 4 to morrow morning, when it was coun =termanded.  Capt Dutro [Dudrow] of our regt who is on Keifers staff, thinks we willnot move for a couple of weeks.  Gen Wright has been order'd to Richmond the discharge papers for the men of our regt. returnd this evening  they start home at 4 to morrow morn  Samuel A Harper D.  John S John sten[ston] H.  Jas W. Kelly H. [p 259, book 6] Wm. H. King, Sergt. I.  Chas. C. Minner, Sergt. I.  Geo W. Simpson Ord Serg. K James Sallgauver [Jacob Saltsgaver] K.   Albert Moor [Moore] K   John Turney, C.  Marion Marshall, C.  Daniel Turner E

                         Sunday May 14th

Weather warm.  Lieut ^1st^ Armstrong of Co. I. returned to the regt this mor =ning.  he looks well.  Lieut Anderson Co K. was his fellow prisoner. they have both been away from the regt 23 months.  they were captured at Winchester, at the same time that I was. Capt Wilson arrived with them he was taken in the Wildernefs and has been absent a little over a year.  Tracy Beatty of Co. I. private , who was slightly wounded at Cedar Creek, has been muster'd in as 2d Lieut in the 197 Ohio, the regt that Dr Bryant is Surgeon of.  got a lot of honey at 40 cts a pound, and some butter at 25 cts, for a change.

                         Monday May 15th

News came officially, this morning of the capture of Jeff Davis, at or [p 260, book 6] Irwinville, [Irwinton?]Ga.  thus ends his car reer, he will swing.  got 2 new regt flags. they are fine flags.  5 men came back.who had been prisoners a long time.  got orders to send the sick off sent 3.  The Div hospt pack'd up & were to load up at the depot by sun down.  orders came about 9 P.M. the 1st Brig moves in the morn ing.  we follow it soon as cars cane be supplied. the Corp train start at 5 in the morning, sufficient wagons being left to haul the baggage to the depot.  pickets and safe guards have been called in.  field and staff officers are allowed to take one horse by rail, the rest follow the train.  we report to Manchester.  weather very fine.

                                              Tuesday May 16th

Cornelius, the Docs color'd boy started with the 2 extra horses.  he accompanied the Col's orderly, who is taking thro 3 horses.  the 126 are just finishing their HQs in fine style when co. pack up.  they march'd off about 2 P.M.  the 138 Pa also.  the chaplin and I cross'd the line and went as far as the first house in N.C. occupied [p 261, book 6] by [blank] Gatewood.  tis built at the forks of the road. one leading to Greenboro the other to Yanceywille the County seat of Caswell co. he used to collect the toll, it being a plank road. once, but like the Confedracy(sic) it is smash'd up. and scarce a sliver left.  got some ripe cherries  pass'd thro a field of flax, the first I ever saw.  peaches are beginning to show the blushing red.  saw wild plums in abun dance.  met 2 intelligent negro women and a man.  learn'd they were brother & sisters they gave us a sketch of slave life in this section.  the women both of them plough'd regularly for years.  one of the(sic) had cut and split 150 rails a day, for her task for weeks together, and clearing new land 6 trees a day. cut up into cord wood was the daily task, no fire allow'd her whilst she was at work, even in the coldest weather, going barefooted till snow was on the ground.  what injus -tice, what inhumanity, yet her mas -ter was considered a gentleman and belonged to the chivalry. it almost makes by(sic) blood think of it.  1 days rations were issued this fore noon.  weather very warm. got orders to be at the railroad depot by 5 A.M. to morrow morning [p 262, book 6]

                        Wednesday May 17th

Reville(sic) beat at 1/2 past 3.  had break fast, baggage in the wagons and in line by 1/2 past 4, homeward bound at last.  the train got on the way by 12 past 7.  got to Burksville by sun down.  Jasper Gr =iffin and Bill Plympton [James W. Plimpton] join'd us at the junction. Plympton was taken in the Wildrenefs, Griffins as(sic) Monocacy they both look well, notwithstanding their hardships.  part of the route is pretty good land, and all cultivated  the rest is overgrown with everlas =ting pine.  got to Manchester 3 on the morning of

                        Thursday May 18th

Camp'd along the R.R. laid down and went to sleep.  awoke at sunrise, when Richmond burst upon my sight.  4 long years.and at last.  Dr Houston pointed out Libby prison to me.  the Capitol is a fine building with Corin thion(sic) pillars in front.  a number of chur =ches lift their spires heavenwards.  the bridges over the river are all destr -oy'd.  tis cross'd by a pontoon.  the river here is shallow.  will try and get a pass, before we leave here. had a bully breakfast, fresh herring dried beef cheeses. sweet and butter crackers and lots of mild in our coffee [p 263, book 6] went into camp about a mile from town in the woods.  troops have been camp'd here before.  got our land warrants.  he has located them within 6 miles of the Pac -ific R.R.  he has enter'd 80.instead of 160 acres each.

                         Friday May 19th

Weather warm and close, slight shower in the afternoon  got a letter from Mag.  the baby is not any better.  the people at home expect us every day.  camp laid out in regular order, ground policed.  the troops camp'd here before, laid down in the woods and never fix'd up anything  fresh bread was issued to the troops to day.  just 50 days on hard tack.  cakes pies,vegetable and milk. are brot into camp for sale.  mile 20cts a quart.  the chaplin is considerably under the weather with the bowel complaints

                        Saturday May 20th

To day has been dull and cloudy, with occa sional showers all day.  the Chaplin. Adjt Wesley. Sam & I went over to Richmond and visited the various points of interest  went thro Libby Prison  saw the hole thro which Col Stright[?] and the rest of them escaped.  the cells in the lower story, the pit in which 7 tons of powder was buried for the purpose of blowing up our priso =ners at the time Dalphrene[?] came near getting into Richmond.  Dick Turner [p 264, book 6]the officer who was in charge of the pri =son, who was confined in one of the cells, escaped 2 days ago.  he was a per =fect devil. someone's sadly to blame.  was in Castle Thunder. it was formerly a tavern, at least I judge so from appear =ance.  the Capitol is on a fine rising peice(sic) of ground and nicely laid out  the equestrian  statue of Washington in(sic) a splendid affair in bronze. sta =tues of Jefferson, Mason. & Patrick Henry are on pedestals at the foot.  3 ped =estals are still unoccupied.  a statue of Henry Clay stands near the gate, one hand is mutilated .  the interior is a scurvey affair ill lighted and cramp''d up.  the burnt district is a sad sight.  I judge it extends about 1/2 mile in length and 1/8 miles in breadth of the best buisinefs(sic) part of the City.  there are quite a number of fine churches.  the Episcepal(sic). Monumental church as it is call'd, built on the site of the old Richmond theatre, which was burnd down.  the names of those that perish'd is inscribed on a monument, which stands under the portico.  there are a great many fine the upper portion of the city.  saw 2 steamers unloading.from Philadelphia.  buisinefs(sic) seems to be brisk.  met Bob Fell.   he has been in buisinefs(sic) here for about a month, but it did not pay.  he says rents are so high [p265, book 6] and money is very scarce yet.  he sunk 250 dols. and then quit.  there is lemonade and cake stands in every hole and corner  everybody is hungry for greenbacks.

                         Sunday May 21 st

Weather very warm all day. about sun down it commenced to rain ac companied by heavy thunder and the most vivid lightning I ever saw  it continued till midnight.  went over to the Catholic Cathedral.  expected to hear Bishop McGill, but he was in Bal timore. Father McMullin  preached the music and singing was very fine  the stations are oil paintings.  there are 3 large oil paintings at the alter(sic)  the one fronting the door the crcifixcion(sic)  the interior and exterior too.disappoi nted me very much for a Cathedral tis a dingy shabby affair, out & in. pass'd Gen Lee's residence. a plain 3 story brick, 2 windows wide,with a small back yard.  the train came up this morning.  Cornelius and the horses all O.K

                          Monday May 22

As I was eating breakfast, I got a letter from Mag.  the baby is still getting worse and cannot live.  she wishes me to get a discharge and come home  she says if I explain the circumstances she is sure they would discharge me  how little she knows.abut army matters.  I thought I had told her.often [p 266, book 6] enough before.all about it.  I am as anxious to be at she can possibly be, but I know I cannot git(sic) and so.dont fret myself about it.  she got the bundle I sent by Wilson  the amount it would cost to go home on furlough, would be better expended for the benefit of the family.  my going home would not benefit the child.and I wish to stay at home,wth next time I go.  sun shone out nearly all day.  tis well it did, as everything got soaking wet.  the camp is in an awful condition mud,mud, mud.  wrote to Mag.

                         Tuesday May 23d

It rain'd considerable during the night.  the river rose considerably and carried away a portion of the up per pontoon.  they caught the boats and are busy repairing the damage.  orders came to the regt to make out,the muster out rools(sic) of all Cos. muster'd in before 1st Oct. H.A.&D. come in under that order.  all sorts of rumors are afloat.  the talk is that they will be muster'd out immediately.and the bal- =ance of the regt remain their time out.  well patience, we will soon learn all about it.  our sick were sent of(sic) this afternoon (17)  we move out to morrow morning at 5 Oclock.for Washington.  we have to [p 267, book 6] march thro.  I am glad of it.  this is an awful camp. 1/2 the men would be sick if we laid here another week.  the 25th Corp. are going to Washington from City Point, then for Texas. so tis rumor'd.

                        Wednesday May 24th

After I had laid down last night, the chap lin brought me a letter from Mag.  the baby she says is sinking daily, and cannot live she urges me to come home  I will try when I get to Washington.  I am afraid I cannot get it.  Barton of Ks.was return'd disapproved tho is(sic) wife lay dead.and no one to look after his family.  go up by 4.  pack'd up and were on the way a little after 5.  were detain'd a good deal, both in Manchester & Richmond.  that part of the 24 Corp. station'd here.were drawn up in line and saluted we pass'd  stack'd arms in Broad St.  about orders to form in column of Cos. flags were un furled bands play'd and away we went  Gen Halleck. gen Ord. and a host of stars and straps.were on the steps of the Hotel. left Richmond by Clay St. and then struck out.  the weather has been very warm.and we have been march'd like blue blazes.  halted at 2 to cook dinner  pull'd out again at 3.  went into camp about 6.  at Hanover C.H.  made 20 miles [p 268, book 6] wrote to Mag posted it in Rich mond. several men fell down in the ranks.sun struck. 1 in our regt he was left at a house in the care of one of his Co.  cross'd the Va.Cent.R.R.  the country is very fine.  well till'd and large fine residences.with good barns and out buildings.  pass'd thro 2 line of fortifications  they were slight affairs, not the formidible things I was led to expect.  a train pass'd the camp at dusk.

                        Thursday May 25th

Reville(sic) at 4 pull'd out at 6.  we are in the rear to day.  yesterday we were in front.  did not pass by Hanover C.H. left it about 1/2 mile to the left  march'd about a mile and halted.  did not get acrofs the Pam =unkey till 9.  twas rough crossing on the road to the pontoons.  the roads were very bad in a great many places. pa =ss'd over the same ground as we mar =ch'd over this time one year ago, but, Oh, under what different circumstances  pass'd Concord Church Hunters  resi =dence ^etc etc^ at which they were selling milk (to the low lifed Yankees for greenbacks.)  one year ago.the well was guarded and they would not have given a private soldier a drink of cold water, if it wo =uld have saved his life.  now they are [p 269, book 6] glad to peddle to the same Yankees. their cursed pride has been pull'd down.  about 4, camp'd in the woods at Chesterfiled station. the weather has been warm, but cooler than yesterday.  5 or 6 men died on the road from exhaustion.

                         Friday May 26th

2 days rations were issued about mid night, at which time it commenced to rain a perfect deluge, and has conti =nued all day.  got on the way about 9, waiting of(sic) the 2d Div to draw rations. thro plow'd fields, wheat fields, corn fields pine woods and brush, we waded  mud ankle deep.  streams knee deep every little rill was swollen.  twas wading all the way.  about 1/2 past 1, our Div was halted in an open field and order'd to camp.  twas no use trying to go further  wagons are stuck all along the road.  had something to eat at 4.  put up a tent, got some pine, put on dry pair of socks and boots.  feel a litlle more comfortable. pants and drawers still wet to the knees.  laid down about 1/2 past 6, to get out of the rain.  feel tired.  march'd or flounder'd about 8 miles

                        Saturday May 27th

Did not get up till 8.  it rain'd all night and continued up till 10 P.M.  dull and cloudy all day. men from every regt in [p 270, book 6] the Corp. came straggling in till late at night.  the wagon train got up towards evening, and issued 2 days rations.  Capt charge of Corp train. who has been with the Potomac army ever since it was organized, says he never had such a job with a train in his life.  they were 2 days in making 8 miles.  12 mules were put to each wagon to pull them out of the mud.  the 6th Corp. is stuck in the mud and no mistake this time.  to make matters worse the poor mules.are on half feed.  scores of them were left on the road, play'd out.

                         Sunday May 28th

Reville(sic) at 1/2 past 3. moved out at 5.  our Div in front.  fine weather,with cool breeze blowing. made the quickest march we have made since we have been out, 24 miles in 8 hours.  camp'd along the railroad, in a fine clover filed.  crofs'd the Fay, Po and Nye [p 271, book 6]  they are all within the distance of 4 miles. they are all narrow deep swift streams.  the roads were pretty good, con sidering the late rain.  the chaplin & I went down to the Rappananock(sic) to bathe, but the shore was so muddy.we could not.  bathed in a clear stream about a mile from camp.  officers and men are all order'd out of town this evening.  one of the 9th N.Y. kill'd a citizen yesterday.  was pretty well fag'd(sic) out when we stop'd  I overheated myself.  the a nice ham in town.

                                              Tuesday May 30th

Moved out at 6.  cross'd the river on pontoons.  twas 8 before we got over the river.  it has suffer'd more than any town [Fredericksburg?] I have seen.  tis a town of chimney stacks, almost every house in it.has been struck.  I counted 11 shell holes in a small 2 story frame.  it has been a nice little buisinefs(sic) place.  3 churches and a court house, and 2 or 3 good hotels.  every one of the church spires and(sic) batter'd by shell and shot.  tis a picture of the stern realities of war.some few stores were open doing a languid buisinefs(sic) in ginger cakes crackers ch eese.(bought some) tobacco and cigars.  pass'd the fortifications on both sides of the river.  the posish was good on(sic) [p 272, book 6]  on the part of both.  they are gradually washing and wearing away.  march'd till 1.  halted an hour for dinner.  camp at 1/2 3.  made about 16,^(miles)^  left Stafford C.H. to our right. weather warm.

                                            Wednesday May 31st

Had breakfast by 1/2 past 4. moved out at 1/2 past 5, march'd rapidly   the road being good, and shady nearly all the way.  travelled thro the woods until we halted, which we did at 12.M.(sic)  the country the last 2 days has been very poor.  we did not pass a dozen to(sic) days march.  1 days rations were issued this evening. no mail since we left Richmond.  I am anx ious to hear from home.

                        Thursday June 1st

Reville(sic) at 3.  mov'd out at 1/2 past 4.  halted at 1/2 past Fairfax Station on the Orange & Alexandria RR  crofs'd the Ocacquon [Occoquan]  6 1/2 miles before we halted. there is fortifications on both sides of it.  camp'd at noon at Fairfax C.H. tis a small  village.  the C.H. is now used as Provo Guard H.Q.s  block houses, strongly built loopholed for musketry and sur rounded by abattis. are scatter'd [p 273, book 6] all round this section of country. weather very warm. made about 18 miles.  bad news from home. tho twas not unexpected, Frank wrote to me.  the baby died on the 19th. Mag poor lafs, will suffer much.  had I been at home.she would not have felt it so keenly.  poor little innocent it suff er'd long & severely.  I hope she will try and bear up as well as she can.under the circumstances.  I trust I will be at home in a few weeks now.

                          Friday June d

Moved out at 1/2 past 6. march'd along the Alex. pike.for about 6 miles, then took the right hand mud road.  march'd slowly and stop'd(sic) often.  got to camping ground about the woods on the Alex and Lees burg road.  the track is within 50 feet of our quarters.  tis a rough place.and much crowded, but twill soon be clear'd out. pass'd thro the camps of the 2d Corp. the 5th are lying round Fairfax Seminary.  the Cav are camp'd in our rear.  we are about 7 miles from Alex. and 4 from Georgetown.  wrote to Mag. consoling her, under her affliction [p 274, book 6]

                         Saturday June 3d

[blank line]

The regt moved camp.a little to the right.  tis not as good a place as the one they left, only they have a little more roon.  we will not move at present.  got everyting fix'd.  the sick furlough'd and stragglers are nearly all up.  the Col was over in Washington. he saw the Pay.M.Genl. who told him that officers could not draw any pay. (they are nearly all out of funds) as the regt would be muster'd out soon as possible.  good.  I hope so.  Oh how anxious I am to get home.

                         Sunday June 4th

The weather for the last 3 days.has been oppressive.  scarce a breath of air.  at last we can begin to see the end.  or ders, and the necessary papers were sent to our regt.for our muster out.  110 & 126.also got papers and orders  I believe we are the only Ohio regts in the Corp.  Capt Gibson return'd this evening.  he brot the Ohio State Journal in which is a list of the Ohio regts [p 275, book 6] which are to be muster'd out in June amongst them ours. 110 & 126. all are now in the best of spirits

                         Monday June 5th

Weather very warm.  moved our tents near the Cols.  policed quarters etc etc.  Chris Bauer came back this evening  it has improved him very much.

                        Tuesday June 6th.

It rain'd slightly during the night.  sun clouded.and dull all day.  a special order came from Genl Meade. to muster out the 3 Ohio regts.soon as possible.  they were to work night and day till twas done.  all was bustle and push.  there had not been much headway made yesterday.  about 3 P.M orders came to stop making out the papers as there was some misunder standing.  tis rumor'd we are to go to Louis ville.  Capt. Dutro [J. Parker Dudrow, Co E] told me we were orderd there last Sunday, but twas conuntermanded. it has dampen'd our spirits.  we were all in hopes of soon being home.  Dr Houston and the chaplin went over to Washington saw young Gettings of Zanesville.who is in the 13 Ohio Cav.  our Brig was out on drefs [p 276, book 6] parade for the purpose of presenting th medals of honor to those who captured flags.  Geo Loyd, Co A, was absent (he return'd a few days ago.) so that the presentation was not made to our regt.

                                           Wednesday June 7th.

Weather warm.  more orders in rela tion to mustering out.  H.A.& D. are to be muster'd out soon as the papers can be got ready.  the balance to be transfer'd.  there is a devil of ^a^mefs about it.  tis very unfair  we have all served the same time.and have all done our share alike.  tis but common justice.that we should all go go home together, but if they can get out I am glad of it.  the feminines[?] at home will will(sic) raise thunder about it.  got our boxes from Alex. repack'd mine. 2 over coats 3 pair boots 1 pr pants vest, shirt, mufflers Jacket. blanket. and other little traps.  George got the medal today.

                                             Thursday June 8th

Reville(sic) at 4. all bustle, Corp review. the boys as a general thing vote reviews a bore.  they moved out about 1/2 past 5.  Dr Houston.the Chaplin.and Wes. went with the regt.  Sam & I staid in quarters.  before he left the Docter(sic) told me [p 277, book 6] to have sick call and prescribe for the rest.which I did.  I could not but feel a little flatter'd by his confidence in me.  during the forenoon the weather was very sultry, close.  in the afternoon it rai ned smartly for a couple of hours. the Doc & Chap. return'd about 2, nearly play'd out.  they say the heat and dust in the road and in the city was almost in supportable. as soon as the troops pass'd the reviewing stand they fell out.and scatter'd in returning there was no organization all did not get in till late at night. about 52 in the Corp. were exhausted and taken to the hospt.  tis reported several died in the City and on the way, but I dont place any faith in the repirts(sic).  they all say twas the hardest days marching they have done since we have been out.  they march'd about 15 miles I supppose.  there was a great see them pass.the President Cabinet etc.  boquets(sic) and the flags etc.etc.etc.  reviews are play'd out.  what we want is to go home.  Gen keifer was present'd with the Brig the officers of the Brig.  tis a splendid affair.  the best of silk with heavy yellow fringe. the staff is dark and finely polish'd.  a heavy silver plate [p 278, book 6] on the centre on which the usual formula, of, from. and, to, is inscribed follow'd by battles. Brandy Station, Locust Grove, Wildernefs, Spots ylvania, Cold harbor, Petersburg Monococy, Opaquon[Opequan], Fishers Hill Cedar Creek, Petersburg 2, Sailors Run, in all of which our regt has borne its share.  not forgetting the battle of Winchester in June 1863.

Friday 9th to Monday 12th

During the last 4 days, have been very unwell.  had an attack of the flux pretty severe, whilst it lasted. it has left me very weak.  feel considerably better during today(Monday)  the chap lin made considerable of a draw on th San,Com. above 100 pairs each of dr awers socks shirts. towels suspen ders. paper envelopes. ink 2 1/2 dozen can'd(sic) Tomatoes, a box of lemens(sic) 1 box oranges anda pile of small matters.  so far nothing more has been done towards mustering out our 3 Cos. sent off our boxes and bundles on Friday.  got receipts for each.  still no letter from Mag.  tis strange

                        Tuesday June 13th

Pass'd a miserable night could not sleep.  feel stronger, able to move round [p 279, book 6]  eat a little at each meal to day.  the first for 4 or 5 days.  Got Charley Minners papers fix'd up.  sent the necessary ones for him to sign, by mail to him.  the Docter(sic) is kept busy discharging men, all the old hard cases.are now being got rid off(sic)  the weather has been very warm for the last 5 days.  One smart shower fell on Saturday I think.  Frichel called to see me, but I was too sick to talk much to him. he had come from home lately  he calld on Sunday but I forget what day it was

                                           Wednesday June 14th

Feel a good deal better.  took a dose of oil.  chap & I went to Chris. Com. and got some nice crackers, can roast beef some pickles etc etc.  weather very close and warm.  rain'd a little towards evening  we have more men seriously sick now.than we have had since we moved out on the 4th May a year ago.

                        Thutsday June 15th

Improving slowly.  weak yet. everything dull and cloudy all day.  the 9th N.Y. left us this morning.  they go to some of the fortifications round Washington.  tis the commencement of the breaking up of our Div.  all the ambulances, wagons horses, mules etc. belonging to the Div hospt. have been turn'd in.  detail'd men from all the depts. have been sent to their Cos.  the muster out rolls of the 3 Cos. which were sent up a few days ago.have been [p280, book 6] return'd not correct.  fresh rolls will have to be made out.

                       65,Friday June 16th

Weather close and warm threathing(sic) rain all day. Dr & Chap. went to town.  feel much better to day.  this evening word was sent to the regt that the muster out papers.would pass muster.and no more need be made out  an agent of the San Com. call'd and left an order for 5 brls potatoes 2 onion 1 pickles 24 cans Tomatoes box Lemens(sic) 1 brl dried apples.  the men stand much in need of vegetables.  we have had worse rations & fewer of them since we have laid here, that we had even when we were within a mile of N.C.  whats the reason I wonder

                        Saturday June 17th

It rain'd a little during the night  feel a good deal better.  weather very warm all day.  got the San goods except the potatoes.  the stock was [p 281, book 6] exhausted before our order went in.  were al issued to the men.  well here co =mes another order.  i hope the last one from the Sec of War, directing that all orginal members of the 110 & 122 be muster'd out forthwith.  the 126. got such orders several days ago.  the 3 Cos will not be muster'd out now.  the regt will nt believe that we are to be muster'd out till I stand in the ranks for the pur =pose, there has been somuch dam'd(sic) humbugging in relation to it.

                                              Sunday June 18th

Weather very warm.  the Co. officers were working away hard at the rolls  the chappreach'd this forenoon did not feel well enoughto go.  sick all day.  severe pain in my bowels.  11 men were discharged from the regt. 3 from Co. I. Frend[Sampson Friend]. Granstaff[Adam Grandstaff] and Roe[Thomas Row].  wrote to Mag.

                         Monday June 19th

Pass'd a most miserable night. slept very little.  eat nothing all day. suffer ed severely with headache till towards evening,  eat a little rice.  in bed all day [p 282, book 6] weather warm.  it commencd to rain about 6 and rain'd heavily and continued till midnight.

                        Tuesday June 20th

Pass'd a comfortable night. feel a great deal better.  got a pass 2 days ago.  after sick call the Chap & I started to town. walk'd slow =ly.  went to the Ohio Agency & several other offices.  met with Guthrie of H.  went to the house where he is boarding.  Bannerman 447 Penn. Av.  had dinner & supper  in the afternoon went thro the Capitol.  the Rotunda is now clear'd out.  a splendid oil pain =ting of Gen Grant is hung above one of the doors. I discover fresh beauties in the paintings every time I see them.  sat on the spea =kers chair of both the House and Senate.  went all thro.  tis the last time I will have a chance I suppose  went to Grovers, saw 10 scenes in a Bar Room.  Kathrine & Petricia(sic)  Kath. Susan Denin.  think she has and is. greatly overrated, a Mnnery(sic) [Winney or Minney?] something. dance a grand hip hup in splendid style she was the best dancer I have seen for a long while  twas about 1 when I got to the house [p 283, book 6]

                       Wednesday June 21st

Got up about 7.  had breakfast at 8.  paid our bill a dollar and a half.  went to the Oh.St. Ag. etc etc. went thro the pat ent office.  it has been decorated and pillars and ceilings beautified.since I saw it last.  took a last look at the articles.from Washington household. Jack sons evat(sic),[cravat?] Washingtons commission the declaration of Independence  about 4 went and had dinner.  when the chap. started for camp. I conclu ded to stay all night, my pass being good.  sorry I did.  the patrol stop'd(sic) me and demanded the pass.  I had just changed the date.  the results was. I had the pleasure of passing the night in the central Guard House.  there was about a dozen in the cell.  twas clean.  the men with one exception were all sober  they were all in for being in town without a pafs.  laid down on the floor and was soon asleep.

                        Thursday June 22d

About 6 they open'd the doors calld out our names, return'd our poc ket books and knives, and set us on our way rejoicing.  I suppose [p 284, book 6] there must have been 200 from every regt and arm in the service.  some hard cases.  I felt bad.  shook it off.  went & had breakfast, then push'd out.  had some trouble at the bridge on account of my pass.  got over at last.  met the Chap a short distance from camp, going into town.  the 6th Ma. were marching to the cars as I left town  they had a great time in camp.last night, the boys tell me. and still ano ther order.  on Tuesday evening orders came to muster out all the regt. so at it [we] went to make out new rolls.  they are working like beavers.  weather very warm.  no one in the regt knows I was in guard.  I hope they wont find it out tho tis no disgrace,  they had no right to arrest me.  twas a dam'd(sic) little sergt

                         Friday June 23d

Weather very warm indeed  the 100 NY.& VT. 1st Brig our Div. started home this mor ning.  they had a candle light pro cetion(sic) and parade late last night  each man stuck a peice(sic) of [p 285, book 6] canlde in his bayanet(sic)  they visitd each regt in the Brig.  bands playing cheering and a good time generally.  the rolls are nearly all finish'd expect they will be handed in to mor row morning

                        Saturday June 24th

Weather still very warm.  cool breeze occasionally.  rolls all finis hed and in to day.  the 138 Pa was muster'd out last evening.  they did not get off to day.  all will be anxiety now till we get orders to move.  twill be as much as the bargain if we get home by the 4 July.  at last got  a letter from Mag  the box got there all O.K. freight pretty high 3,50.  the reason she did not write, was that we have been expected home every day for a month.  about 10  the 138 came and bid us good bye.

                         Sunday June 25th

Weather still continues very warm. commenced mustering out the 126 early in the day.  next follow'd the 110.  our Co. about the last in our regt  was muster'd out about 4 P.M. [p 286, book 6] at last the thing looks like a fin ish.

                     65 Monday Jun(sic) 26th

Sam woke me up about 5. and imparted the good news that we would start for home at 9. got breakfast for the last time in our mefs. (I shall never forget Bailey's Crofs Roads)  the Doc. Chap and the rest went.ahead with the horses.  he left me in charge of the sick.  got 3 ambulances. fill'd them all. bout face forward march.  hurrah for home.  arrived in Washington  the 3 regts were drawn up 6 lines front of Gen Ricketts residence. a splendid white satin banner (Div) was display'd at the door.  he spoke a few parting words.  it rain'd so heavily that few of us could hear his remarks.  3 times 3 were given for old Pap, as the boys call him. he has the respect and love of all under his command  at last we got aboard the cars and on the road about 3 P.M.  we laid over at a great many points on the road.  got to Zanesville on

                        Thursday June 29th

About 8 or thereabouts.  the last few miles were thr longest ever [p 287, book 6] traveld.  the Chap wes. and Andy Stulz. G.M. took their horses off here.  i got my traps and jump'd off below the paper mill.  Bob.[Robert P.RECF's father] met me as i got near home. went crofs lots and into the house backway.  Mag had gone down to the cars.  presently she return'd  blefs her heart she looks a little slim and care worn still fretting about the baby.  had a good wash. and put on clean soldier rig. which i had at home.  concluded to stay all night and take Mag up with me in the mor ning.  went up on the 11AM. train, went out. to  Tod(sic) barracks  got my Bussard And Green Backs. and was once more a free man. put up at the American.  met John Dixon.of New ark.  went to the theatr. whilst in Belle Air say George Jacobs he is keeping a doggery in a small way. he treated me well and was glad to see me.  started home at 4 A.M. on the morning of

                        Saturday July 1st

Got there by 7.  don'd(sic) citizens clothes and bid good bye to soldiering.  The Union is restored.and that black curse slavery dead.  I am satisfied. The Union Forever

                        INSIDE BACK COVER


25  20

15  59

 9  61                                   Up to Ap 8th^$^ 26,78

                                              July 25     1 70


Dec 4th  136 Hamburg St

Feb 23d        Baltimore

                H [unreadable,in pencil]

May 4th      Potomac House [in pencil]


  Clothing A'd up to Jan 1/65

                    W.D.C. [in pencil]


                    March9    1021

                    To Ap. 5449


Pinned to the next to last page torn sheet of paper reading [in large hand]:


Nov 25/62   Dr Reamy.^122d^ New Creek

Dec 28/62   "  McCandlefs 110th  Moorfield

Jany 19/63  " Gilkey       "     Winchester ^Post^

                                         to June 12/63 Johnies

Oct 10/63   " Richards       Culpepper CH

Nov 9/63    " Houston         Brandy St

May 4/64 Wildernefs

               In front of Petersburg till Ap 4/65.

               Burksville. Danville. Balls Coop Road

               In Washington. mustered out July 1/65



Fourth page from the end, written upside down in pencil:


Copyright 2013 Michelle Stone/Primogenia Press.

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