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Thomas Campbell's Civil War Diaries, 1862-1865

Part 3 of 6



                                   BOOK TWO


Sunday March 1 st 1863 During the night it raind considerably. in the forenoon it rain'd and hail'd true to the old adage.  March has come in like alion, it com  menced about 11 O'clock and continued till late in the night to blow big  guns. 6 or 7 of the tents in our Regt were blown down.  our tent was torn(tore?) considerably. we were oblidged to let it down fearful that it would be torn to peices.  we moved our quarters to the Tent used as a Meet  ing house.  they sang and pray'd till roll call.  I was a participant whether I would or not.  spread our gums on the ground and tried to sleep.  got aletter from Mag.  all well

Monday Mar.2nd 63  Arose About  5 O'clock after a most mis  erable night.  a couple of horses hadbroke loose and came pretty near tearing down the Tent.  twice dur  ing the night. the weather has been beautiful all day sun shining brightly got our tent patch'd could not get a new one.  they are drilling the Co. in skirmish drill. after drefs parade the Capts of ea Co notified his men that the discussion of plitics or the criticising of the acts of Genls or the acts of the Ad [p 2, book 2] ministration would be prohitited. I doubt the policy very much/ tis a sign,of weaknefs in any cause.,  when its acts cannot bear scrutiny and discussion.  it will frustrate the end it was inten  ded to accomplish. curses loud and deep were heard amongst the men soon as they came into quarter.  tis the worst species of despotism the despotism of the mind.  did not feel so well all day. took 8 pills. the Boys of our Co discover'd shortly after supper that the Sutter of the 87th Pa had 43 bo-- of Ess Cinnamon which tasted very much like common Brandy.  (there was just enough of Cin to smell)  it soon spread throught the Co. in lefs than 2 hours 1/3 of the Co were tight as bricks(?) some of  them bought 5 bottles for which they paid a dollar.  they rais'd thunder for a while, at last we got them to sleep.  nosooner was that storm over than one commenced in the clouds.  it rain'd and blew great guns till near midnight, our tent rode it out.  slept little or none all night. the reports of a brush were correct in some particulars which were circulated last week.  we lost 200  of the Pa Cav. taken prisoners [p 3, book 2] beyond Woodstock. twas a disgraceful affair the officer incommand is to be Court Martial'd, I learn, for trancending orders

Tuesday, Mar 3d, 63  During the night it rain'd heavily.  several of the Boys are awfully day, it snow'd considerably during the day.  went down town with Mike who soled a pair of boots.  went to the hospt and got some Med. for the boys.  took down a lot of empty bottles.  it turn'd very cold  towards night. did not feel well. caught another cold. dont feel as if I was going to get all right very soon. 50 men from each Reft are detail'd  every 10 days to work on the fortifications.  they are paid 25 cts per day extra.  they are to be extended all the way along the hill, covering the Regts in the rear.  they dont hurt themselves with hard work

Wednesday Mar 4th 63 Weather fine sun shining, but cold wind. no drill to day.  did not feel well all day.ondrefs parade an order was read forbidding more than 3 from each Co. going to town at once and then not without a pass from the Capt sign'd by the Col.  this order comes from Gen Millroy.  he expecting to be attack'd every [p 4, book 2] day.  the report is that the rebels are concent  rating and fortifying at Strasburg. the 110th leave for that direction at 12 O'clock to night  something is in the wind there will be hot work before long

Thursday Mar 5th 63  Almost the first words I heard when I got up was an order from the orderly of our Co. noti  fying those who work'd on the fortifications if they left their work without permission, even for a short time, they would be buck'd & gagg'd(?) for an hour and get no pay. how pleasant to work under such a threat.  Militry commanders must think that men lose all spirit and manhood soon as they becomes soldiers.  they have studied human nature to very little purpose.  Our Co. went out on a foraging expedition this morning.  I did not. about 1500 Cav and 1000 more Inft went out last night & to day.  the report is to day that Strasburg has been burn'd to the ground.  all sorts of rumors are afloat.  Our Co. return'd about 3 O'clock with 5 loads of hay & 1 of corn.  they got them all from ---(?) family they were strong Sesch, the women especially [p 5, book 2] they gloried in being call'd rebels all thought, as far as I have noticed, the women are the most bitter

Friday Mar. 6th 63  Weather fine all day.  went down to the hospt and got some things I clothes from the washerwoman.  they are building stone walls within 30 yds of our tent.are throwing up earth behind to strengthen them.every precaution is taken and prepar  ation made to receive the enemy if he comes in this direction.the forces which went out on Wed night return'd to day.  they went as far as Strasbrug where they found the enemy strongly posted.  discretion being the best part of valour, like the Army of the King of France, they march'd up hill and then march'd down again.

Saturday Mar 7th 63  It rain'd at intervals all day. the boys did not work long on the works to day. did not go down town.  in the tent all day

Sunday Mar. 7th 63  It rain'd heavily nearly all night.  Inspection at 9 O'clock. have done no duty yet. tis reported that [p 6, book 2]  our Regt is to start to Woodstock in the how true it is I cannot tell.  after dinner the sun shone out beautifully.  the Capt, if they do not go out, starts for Zville in the morning I will send my Journal with him if he will take it for me.  3 rebel prisoners came into our lines.  they report that a force of 15,000 had received marching orders for Winchester. let them come.2 batter  ies arrived last evening.  if we are going to be attack'd reinforcements will be thrown in here on the double quick.  our Co is on picket duty to night.  I have not been call upon to do any duty as yet.  about 8 O'clock it commenced to rain and pour'd down heavily till about 2 in the morning.  poor Boys they suffer'd in the flesh.

Monday Mar. 9th 63  About 6 the Boys came in tired chill'd and cold.  twas the hardest nights pick ket duty they have down since they have been in the service.  I would not have been with them for 25 dols.  the Captain started for Z  ville just at day light. sent home my [p 7, book 2] journal and a letter to Mag.  the weather turn'd  out pleasant Sun shining all day with high wind, twas only a camp rumor,we do not move at present.  one of our Scouts was shot through the head with 4 bullets a few miles from Staunton.  the battery attack'd Mulli  gans Brigade came up to day.  the 116 & 123 are expected in a day or two from Romney. nearly all the boys in the Mefs feel sick.  gave Charley & George Church some pills.  began to feel much better.  several of the Boys in our Mefs sold their drefs coats for 4 & 5 Dols a peice.  I will keep mine if ever I get home twill make a nice suit for Bob. [Ruth's father]

Tuesday Mar10th 63 Weather mild until afternoon when it commenced to snow and continued till we went to bed.  Sergt Maxfield and me went down town to get our pictures taken call'd 3 times,but could not get it.went to the hospt and saw Dr. McCandlifs.  learnd from him several things that I did not know before. he will ferret it out.if I can only prove it  on the party,dam his soul, [p 8, book 2] I will have him punish'd. he is a dam'd rascal.  the Doc told me all about him.  As I left the hospt the 12th Va. Cav. came into town.  George Church is still unwell, gave him some Pod & Lep, in the evening a dose of Salts.  Jim O'Hara Tom Semmonite & Carter got boxes from home.  amongst the rest of things some of the Ardent(?), Mike Keeley got some Tob Cig & some (of that) twas in Carters box, he (Carter) did not do the clean thing with Mike. he divided one of Mikes cans amongst his own friends and gave him but one(he had 2sent).  went into the jail. tis now used as a warehouse.pass'd by Gen Millroy's Headquarters tis the finest house in town

Wednesday Mar 11th 63  Capt Peach returned this afternoon he brought 3 recruits with him.  I did not think one could have been had.  if they had known what was good for their health they would have staid at home.  he brought me a letter. sorrowful one indeed.  Bob is laying very lowwith typhoid fever. she says come home immediately if I wish to see him alive.  I hope and trust that her [p 9, book 2] fears have magnified the danger.  went down soon as I read it to see Gen Milroy to get a furlough.could not see him, his wife having just come  to town to see him.  saw the A.A.G. he said the furlough wouldhave to be sent to Schenck in Baltimore. she had telegraph'd to me,I never got it.  wrote a letter comforting her all I could under the circumstances. God help she has need of all her fortitude under the circumstances.  I cannot exprefs how uneasy and anxious I feel to hear from her again.  poor, dear, boy.  would that I were at home to attend him.  I am al  most distracted.  the Lieut will make out the furlough in the morning and get on the way,I suppose twill be 8 or 10 days before I get it

[Bob's (Ruth's father) Uncle Pat(rick) saved his life.  The Dr. refused to allow him water.  So twice a day his Uncle Pat sneaked water (as much as he could furnish) to him through the window--according to Bob's daughter, Ruth Emery Campbell Fisher.--Jo]

Thursday Mar 12, 63  Pass'd an uneasy night.  after breakfast Lieut Black wrote me out a furlough for 30 days.  Col Ball approved it, in fact, they both did everything they could.  I am much indebted to them both for the interest they evinced.  took it to Col Riefer(?) who sign'd it and took it to Milroy for his signature.  twill be a week or [p 10, book 2] before it comes back.  whether it will granted or not is another question.  Oh, how sincerely I wish it may.  the report to night in Camp is that our communication is cut off between here and Martinsburg by a large force of Ca.  Phil Clow starts home in the morning. he having got a discharge.  he will call at the house soon as he gets to Zville.  Charley Church sent his picture home by him.  Milroy has been confirmed Major Gen.  the weather to day has been very cold, wind blowing with snow occasionally

Friday Mar 13, 63  to day has been very cold with high wind.  Frank McFadden was in Camp to day. he is on the way to Baltimore he is out of the G.M. dept., Henry Lillibridge is home., the Gm "(dept) at Clarkburg having  reduced their force. Jones, a member of our Co, (a very bad boy he is about 17 or 18) was drum'd through Camp with a flour barrel over his head, with holes cut through for his arms, to the tune of the rouges march(Cause) insulting a couple of women.  tis the first instance that I have seen [p 11, book 2] since I have been inthe Army. where a woman has been insulted. however rough the boys may be amongst themselves, they always treat females respectfully.  the verdict was served him right.

Saturday Mar. 14th 63  To day the weather has been fine  clean'd out the Tent got fresh straw.  Our new Brigadier Elliot paid a visit to Col Ball this afternoon. he is a fine looking man. he is a man of some experience having been in several engage  ments.  Fort Donelson & McHenry have falen into the hands of the Rebs once more.  Genl Grant has taken 7000 prisoners of the Yazoo River Bully for him.

Sunday Mar. 15th 63  During the forenoon weather fine in the afternoon it commenced to rain and hail and continued all evening.  Geo. Fell brought me a letter from Mag. she sent it to him addrefs'd  to me inside.being fearful I would not get it if sent in my name.  she says she has sent me 20 letters which I have not got.  poor Roby is still very low.  she does not know that I have applied for a furlough.  Phil Clow, I suppose is home by this and will have told her all about it [p 12, book 2] the 67th Pa and the 6 Md. came in this after noon.  they are quartered in the empty houses in town.  their Wagon train not having come up.

Monday Mar. 16th 63  After breakfast took  Geo Church down to the hospt.  he is suffering from a slight attack of typhoid fever.  we though twas best to take him before he got to sick to be moved.  got a letter from Mag at the hospt. and, such a letter, poor Roby still very sick.  Maria un  well  (Leozzy, Luzzy's?) arm out of place, in fact she is almost crazy.  to mend the matter some kind friend told her all about the hospt.  such a letter.  I never received from her.  I trust I shall never get such another.  several of the Boys in our Co got boxes from home.  they were open'd and sea  rch'd (in pursuance of an order issued a few days ago.) for the ardent.  Co K having got some boxes in which Whisky was sent in oyster cans.  they got tight as a brick and raised thunder, tis a stretch of power.  I dont think they will quietly submit to have their boxes open'd and search'd. several of them cursed Jake Numire roundly.  he was appointed [p 13, book 2] for the purpose.  I don't think he likes the job very much.

Tuesday Mar 17th 63  St. Patricks day.  to day has been fine sun shining all day.  about 11 in the morning the 116&123 Ohio came into town the 116 is camp'd next to us on the hill.  the 123 opposite us in a N.W. direction in the valley. They came from Romney.Mortley will resume his post as G.M. of our Regt he has been on the Staff of Gen. Washburn. whilst he(Washburn) was acting as Brig. Genl.  efforts were made by his friends to have him nomi  nated as Brig Gen of this Brig. but did not suceed he resumes his position of Col 116th.  wrote to Mag.  I am unhappy and disconteted.  I know not how to pafs the time.  I hope and trust I will get furlough, then for home.  in consequence of so many of our Co. being Sick I have to stand guard I go on at 2 in the morning and stand till 6.  We hadto borrow 6 men from Co D.

Wednesday Mar 18th 63 Weather cold with rain nearly all day.  the 116th moved their Camp.  alongside of the 123d. 2 Va Regts returned to day.  they went out yesterday to the adjoining Co to vote. our [p 14, book 2] pickets were driven in last night to within 4 Miles of town on the Front Royal road. 2 extra teamsters have been detail'd from each Co. in the Div.  they are hauling Stores from Martinsburg and concentrating them here.  fearful of a raid on the B. & O. RR.  there has been a report currant all day that there is a heavy rebel force withing a few Miles of here  I dont believe a word of it.  our Scouts captured 1-4 horse & 1-2 horse Wagon loaded with wheat.  just as they were about to crofs the Shenanadoh River they took  2 Negros and the son of the man who was shipping it to Dixie.  the Negroes are well sat  isfied.  they say tere is nothing but straggling bands of guerillas inthat section.

Thursday Mar 19,63  Froze pretty hard during the night. during the day the Sun shone brightly  went to see Geo Church he is some better.  went to H.Q. no furlough yet told me when it come would sent it up to the Regt.  Oh how I wish it would come.  tis strange Chris Bauers never has written.  tis a poor return for all my kindnefs towards him.  the Capt. return'd this evening.  he brought letters & pictures [p 15, book 2] for the Boys.  nothing for me.  he was not down at the house so that he could tell me noth  ing about the family.  they are improving or I should have had another letter.

Friday Mar 20th 63  Our Co & Co K were roused up by 1/4 past 4 to go out on a foraging scrape.  they started a little after daylight.  went down to see Geo Church. he is improving.  the Boys ret  urned  by 4 in the afternoon.  they were a muddy looking set.  they went 10 Miles to Pewtown they took 8 loads of hay from one man.  he was a good Sesch.  some of the Boys found out where there was Whisky for sale they paid 2 dols a bottle and 25 Cts a drink.  a Union Man overtook them as they were returning.  he was coming to town to see the Military Authorities he having had a horse stolen the nights previous.  he gives a sad accou  nt of the want and destitution even within sightof our lines.  Sug. Coffee & Salt theyhave none they have almost forgot that there is such things.  seed potatoes he said were held at 50 Dols a bushel. their food is corn and pork and little of that. they are in a starving condition [p 16, book 2] how must it be further South?  when they suffer so much right here.  he came into Camp they took him down to Milroy.  he said he could give informa  tion that would lead to the capture of a number of bushwhachers and 5 men who were preparing to join the Rebel Cav.  As he was going into the Majors tent he saw part of a loaf of bread lying out side the tent he pick'd it up and ate it. voraciously. what a sad comment on this cursed rebellion.  he had on his feet two peices of cowhide saw'd together no attempt at  the shape of a shoe

Saturday Mar. 21st 63  To day has been disagreeable day  snowing nearly all day.  mud mud every where. about 4 O'clock the Capt handed me the furlough tis but for 10 days, better that than nothing.  Lieut. Armstrong went down with me to gettransportation. it took about 3 hoursto manage it.  there is no lefs than 9 signatures.  the Lieut Col Ball. Col  Keifer, Brig Gen Milroy, Major Gen Schenck. Capt De Motte, Capt Butterworth Capt Bosyshill Post Q.M. Martinburg from whom I will get transportation.  I would start to morrow but their is no conveyance [[p 17, book 2] leaves here to morrow.  the boys are all gladto see me go.  I will have a host of commissions to execute for them.  felt anxious did not sleep till near 12 O'clock

Sunday Mar. 22d 63  To day has been fine.  saw the Col he promised to send an ambulance over to Martinsburg. went down and daw Dr. MdCandlefs he says he will make it all right for me of anything occurs while I am away just at the last minute I learned that I could not get the ambulance.  got a pass to pass the night in town and the countersign to pass the guards, but was persuaded by the Boys to stay in Camp.  got a lot of letters for Zville.

MondayMar. 23d 63  Woke at 3 Mike said we might lay a little longer.  got up at 5 started down to the Stage Office.  Just my luck was a few min  utes too late.  went down to the hospt but there was no ambulance leaving.  went to the Brigade Wagon year the train started about 8 O'clock.  Mr. Figley who has 2 sons in Co. C. accompanied me he resides in [p 18, book 2] Wills Township Guernsey Co. one of his sons died at Crump's Landing Tenn  he belong'd to the same Co as Jim Smith Spencers.  the train did not start from Martinsburg till 2 inthe morning/ whilst waiting for the train Our Champlin arrived.  had a long chat with him. he saw me off on the train. (got transportation there and back) got to Wheeling next night at 11 an accident on the road detain'd us.  stop'd at the Va  house charge moderate and good accommodation.  the scenery over the Mountains is rugged and grand twas worth losing the connection for.  I have never seen any thing like it before.  started from Wheeling  at 6 for Bridgeport.  got on the cars about 7.  got into Zville at 10. got a Hack and drove down home.  threw my knap sack over the fence and made all haste into the house, the children clung round my legs.  went into the room Mag was there crying for pleasure.  kiss'd her. god blefsher she look'd as thought she had sufferd much.  poor Bob he lookd pale and thin.  he recognised [p 19, book 2] me.  he has suffer'd much but will recover  next day deliver'd some of the thingsand letters  Kate took some for me.  whilst in town I call'd upon many of my old friends and num bers call'd upon me.  every day some one call'd or I went out.  sometimes I had better have staid at home.  I met so many who thought they could not shew their kindnefs better than by treating  the results was I got tight as a brick several times.  Mr Crosby I saw several times. went to the Catholic Church with him and Keeley the last Sunday I was there. then went over the River to see some friends.  staid over my time to vote at the election.  as I saw it was going to be a tight run.  took Grandad [John Smith or his own father] down in a carriage.  the Saloons were all open free gratis for nothing wasthe price of Whisky. the Union ticket was elected, but by very samall majorities.  from 7 upwards the day after every body was treating every body and his uncle on the succefs of the Union ticket  buisinefs is very brisk wages good and all going on finely.  they know nothing of the [p 20, book 2] war except what they read in the papers  Bob improved every day until the day I left he could walk all over the house  he will get along finely now. he had slight diorehea, but that will soon be check'd.  gatherd up all the letters and parcels that had been left and started on Thursday 9th  I had already staid to long.  the loner I staid the harder it was to get away and I was unfortunately contracting my old habits of takeing to much Old Rye.  I could not resist it, thrown amongst old associates Old tastesare soon revived particularly that for Alcohol.  this the dam'dest infatuation inthe world.  its votaries, as a general thing, knowing so well the evils resulting it,  yet not having the moral courage to resist. total abstinance from its use is the only safe course.  Patrick took my things down to the cars.  now came the hardest part of the buisinefs parting from the wife and children.  they clung to me crying and sobbing.  Kiss'd them all over and over again.  Mag hung round my neck I kiss'd her tore myself away and said farewell [p 21, book 2] started from Zville at 4 O'clock got to Martins burg by 2 next day.  met Major Granger who had an ambulance to take his wife to Winches  ter he offer'd me a seat which I gladly accepted  Mrs Granger was very kind.  she gave me several sandwiches.  felt very unwell all day.  had to leave the ambulance 2 miles from town.  got to Camp about 7. Mike & Jack Maxfield saw me coming and came to meet me.  I had a good drink a peice for them which was thankfully received.  went up to the Tent distributed the letters and parcels. amongst the rest of things that Dave sent Mike was 1/2 Gl Whisky. he invi  ted a number of us into the cook house where we staid till nearly 12. awoke next morning sick and tired. wash'd myself went over to Co. F with some letters then down to the hospt when I came back the Regt was drawn up to be muster'd.  the Major enquired where I was they told him down street, he told him to put me under arrest.  according I was put under arrest and have been under arrest ever since a guard was put over me.  I sent for [p 22, book 2] the Major and requested him to remove him twas to humiliating. he said if I would give my word ofhonor not to leave Camp, he would do so I gave it the guard was removed.  there has been several little skirmishes within the last few days.  several of our men have been killd not belonging to our Regt. Co A & C were out on a 2 days scout, but without any results with exception of a 50 Miles tramp.  general instection of quarters by the Medical Director was order'd  Tents were clean'd up Spruce spread over the straw and all fix'd nice and clean, but he did not come.  the Regt is our on Battalion drill this afternoon.

Wednesday Apr 15th 63  To day has been one of the roughest days I have experienced since I have been in Va.  it  commenced at 3 in the morning and continued till 8 in the eveining, the wind blowing with the heaviest rain I ever saw for such a length of time. our Tent commenced to leak about 10 in the morning and continued to lead till about 4 in the afternoon.  we spread our Gum blankets [p 23, book 2] on the straw and caught the rain. the Boys then made little wooden ships and set them afloat calling them Monitors and storming Charleston.  we had to get poles and stick them up and then spread our Gum Blanketsover them and slept under them.  the Boys had an Animal show. Circus & Side Show under the Blankets. such a miserable day outside I never saw, but a merrier set of fellows than were in our tent I never saw.  I never laugh'd more in my life.  Mefs No 1 against the Brigade,the Col thinks Mefs No 1 is the noisest roughest set in the Regt, but he says we keep theclean  est tent and cleanest accoutrements and are always first out for duty in the Regt.

Thursday Apr 16th 63  To day the weather has been fair but threatning rain.  dried the blankets and fix'd up despatches coming and going all day.  something in the wind.  about 4 O'clock orders came to cook 2days rat  ions and start at 3 tomorrow morning. Lieut Bl ack came up to Camp to go with the boys (he was app  ointed one of Brig Gen Elliots aids whilst I was at home) tis a good appointment he is [p 24, book 2] a worthy young man and a good officer. he got liberty from Elliot to go with the Boys they think a great deal of him

Friday Apr 17th 63  At 2 this morning the drums beat. all turn'd out and wrap'd up thier blankets got their breakfasts and were in line by about 1/2 past 3.  2 Wagons were provided for carrying the blankets so that they could march quicker.  2 Ambulances went along.  the whole of the field officers went along, none but the officers knew where they were going.  the Camp has been very quiet all day.  the weather has been beautiful sun shining brightly with just enought wind to dry the roads.  A Sesch Scout was captur'd and brought in early this morning he was but 3 miles from town.  wrote to Mag. got a letter from her last night.  I am so happy. Bob is improving daily

Saturday 18th Apr 63  To day has been very fine.  about 1 O'clock the advance guard of Cavalry came in sight. 1 Co of Cav. and 1 peice of Artillery accompanied the Regt.  they had 45 Wagons along. they marched 21 Miles the first day [p 25, book 2] to a large tannery own'd by a Sesch, where they loaded all the Wagons with leather valued at $6000.  they then march'd 6 Miles on their way back.  they left quite as much as they brought away.  the tannery was on Cedar Creek [probably near Capon Springs].  they pass'd on thier way Sherwood Sulphur Springs formerly a great resort, but now almost in ruins.  on their way back they saw one man whom they took for a Sesch. some of the boys of Co K crack'd away at him.  they say he clumb the mountain like a squirrel. who would not when he was fired at about 20 times.  a few days before our Cav had a brush in which we lost one man he laid in a house for 2 days.  when an am  bulance was sent out and brought in his body.  a notorious bushwhacker  was shot by one of our Cav. on the forenoon of to day.  It appears he was living with a woman.  when the Cavalr man went to the house she was secreting some money & a letter in her stock  ings. in the mean time he came in a kick'd up a fuss. gloried in being a bushwhacker [p 26, book 2] and dared them to take him.  when one of the Cav drew his pistol and shot him thr  ought the breast.  he rush'd out of the house and came back again when he shot him in the head. he was still living when they left. they saw but one plough'd field.  they stood the trip first rate. twas  good marching, the country was rought, the mountain scenery very fine.  14 rebel citizens were brought in and committed to Jail

Sunday 19th Apr. 63  To day has been very fine. sun shining inspection to day.  the boys feeling a little stiff sign'd the pay roll, expect to be paid off to morrow. Geo. Church came up to see us.  he is still weak and looks thin  his discharge has not return'd yet

Monday Apr 20th 63  To day it has rain'd nearly all the time.  we were paid for 2 Months.  I got $13,25. extra pay.  I sold my watch for $6,00 the party to whom I sold it, sold it for 8,00, he sold it for 10,00, he sold it for 5,00 in cash.  Mike sold his watch for 17,00. there was the usual amount of trucking and tra  ding and resklefs waste of Money [p 27, book 2] for myself I have not, nor do I intend to, spend a cent.  I cannot possibly help. I shall try by every means in my power to make up forthe past.  I have every hope that things will turn out all right yet and as Gods my judge I will take care of it.  I saw Dr. McCandlifs, he will do all he can for me.  Carter Co B died in his quartersthis afternoon  I saw Dr.Houston he said there was every indication of poisining by arsnic. twas sup posed it hadbeen administered in a pie. there is considerable excitement about the matter.  probably he may have died from some other cause.  several of the Boys went on a Cinnamon spree.  others went down town and got on a tight despite all the searching.  Whisky is brought through the lines and the Boys will have it cost what it will. they paid $1,50 a bottle, a little over a pint.  nearly all the boys are having their pictures taken in full rig to send home.  they are  doing a smashing buisinefs [p 28. book 2]

Tuesday Apr 21st 63  Weather fine. a post mortem examination was held on the body of Carter. I was to late to see it, they were sewing him up.  when I got down there.  the cause of his death was acute inflamation of the bowels.  there was no indication of poison. his body was sent home this forenoon.  Lieut Black starts for Zville in the morning. I sent a letter and $30,00, he took a host of letters and money to Zville and vicinity. he is an oblidging fellow. he said he would call and see Mag. he said he would put a good face on the matter.  Deacon Prince(?) paid us a flying visit. he has been to Baltimore on a visit.  the boys were all glad to see him. he starts for Zville in the morning.  nearly all the Zville boys had their pictures taken and sent them home by Lieut Black.  Capt Gary has gone to Harpers Ferry incommand of Co G.  Catp Farquer wife still here.  he got Gary to go along .  they go as guard to a supply train.  our base of supplies has been moved from Martinsburg to Harpers Ferry. in conversation with one of the team sters he told me that bushwackers was pretty thick on the road.  [p 29, book 2]

Wednesday Apr 22d 63  To day the weather has been very fine, sun shining all day Lieut Black started this morning about 6.  3 men from the Co.went as guards as far as Martinsburg.  I Co went out for  aging 2 Cos took 3 days rations and went to guard the train to Harpers Ferry.  in the afternoon the Col. Maj, & Adj. got an ambulance and took their wives to Curran town to see the battle field where Shields whip'd Jackson about one year ago.  they were guarded by 2 Cos from the Regt.  quite a respectable escort.  in digging atrench at Fort Hill, which, by the way, was con  structed by Washington during the revolution  ary war, they exumed an old flint lock musket  /how I would like tohave it as a momento of the time that tried mens souls.  could it but speak what a history it could reveal.  the magazine is in plain view from our Camp.  our Cavalry cross'd the Shenanadoh yesterday and captur'd 1 Captain 1 Lieut and 6 privates.  they were confined to jail by order of Milroy. a touching incident oc  cured in out tent last night. A. Burt a young boy, not 18, who has lately return'd to the Regt, [p 30, book 2] having been absent for about 2 Months on sick leave, inhis sleep call'd for his mother in the most pleading heart felt strain I ever heard in my life.  twas as though his whole soul was in his voice.  it affected all  who heard it very sensibly.  we could scarcely sleep, the tones still ringing in my ears.  I shall never forget it. poor boy, he ought never to have left home. Lieut Armstrong got a box from home, it had been 6 weeks on the road. everything in it was spoil'd except the dried fruit and some cetsup. there was some loud swearing.

Thursday. Apr 23d 63  To day has been a most miserable day.  it rain'd all day.  the spirits of the men are glomy and depress'd notwith  standing the favourable news. Serjeant Mc  Millin return'd this evening he hasbeen ho  me on a 10 days furlough.  there is rumors of a fight at Strasburg in which we took 30 prisoners and a lot of horses.  we will assertain the truth of the matter  through the papers.  though we are on the spot we cannot get at the truth of the matters.  [p 31, book 2]

Friday Apr 24th 63  To day it rain'd heavily till about 2 O'clock when it clear'd up and the sun shone out.  part of our Co are on pic  ket to  night.  there is a good deal of grumbling, they think they do more than their share.  Henderson tells me Dr. Pixley has sent in his resignation.  I hope it will be accepted.  Dr. McCandlifs will then be Major Docter, when I will be all right with him.  I am still confined to Camp.  I should like devilish well to know what they intend to do.

Saturday Apr 25th 63 Weather fine with high wind the roads drying up finely.  at 8 O'clock 4 Regt of Infty 1 of Cav. and abettery of artillery stated out on the Romeney road tis reported that the rebel Genl Jones isgoing to make a raid in the B & O.R.R. between Cumber  land & New Creek.  Milroy telegraph'd to Mulligan to be on the alert.  the signal corpse have been very busy all day sig  naling. rumour with her 1000 toungues is busy all sort of stories are afloat [p 32, book 2] Tom Hittle, one of our mefs, had a severe attack of cramp colic.  gave him some morphia and peppermint and applied hot cloths to his bowels which releived him when he went to sleep.  no  definite news from the troops that went out, to day got aletter from Mag.  all well, Bob is able to go up as Griners

Sunday Apr 26th 63  Hittle much better this morning gave him 4 pills.  weather beautifu sun shining all day.  Bob Warner having got his discharge in Columbus and 3 of the corperals having been detailed for duty in the Brigade promotion was the order of the day.  Aler ist Corporal was entitled to the serjiancy but did not get it  Ike Steele the 4 corporal was appoi  nted.  he had no right to it. there is much disatisfaction about the matters.  he is a perfect lickspittl he hascringed and crawled to the Captain ever since he has been in the Co.  He has never been liked by any of the men.  the Corporals appointed were Tudor Cald  well and my old friend Jim O'Hara [p 33, book 2] may it be the first of a series of promotion.  another Regt of Cav. went out this morn  ing.  they went in the direction of Romney

Monday Apr 27th 63  Weather beautiful. took down all the tents in our Co. and paved the front of them with brick.  burn'd up all the old straw and put down fresh Sprice.  our Co. is now the neatest and cleanest in the Regt.  reports of all kinds are flying about that there has been an engagement at War  densville in which 50 rebels were killed.  another report that the 87th Pa have been cut up.  5 days rations were sent on to Petersburg where they were expected to be at 12 to day.  Kelly from Cumberland, Mulligan from New Creek and Elliot from here are all in pursuit of Imboden.  tis rumer'd that they have him surrounded and he cannot escape.  I hope they will bag(?) him. the cavalry scrape the other day at Strasburg., I see by the paper resulted in the caputre of 20 and the killing of 9.  we lost 2 kill'd.  saw several of the prisoners.  they are nearly all young Men [p 34, book 2]

Tuesday Apr 28th 63  About 11 O'clock last night orders came for every man to load his gun and lay awake all night as an attack was expected at any monent.  we all loaded our peices when orders were received that one man stay awake while the rest  slept.  the pickets were doubled but the nigh past without anything occuring.  the Rebs have miss'dagolden opportunity of  taking this point, nearly all the troops are gone.  we have not more than 3,000 if they attempt any  thing in a day or two they will get whip'd as our troops will be back by that time.  tis rumor'd that Fitz Hugh Leu is on the other side of the Shenandoah with 9000 troops but the river is too high to force.  our troopps are still in the neighborhood of Strasburg.Serj Maxfield whilst down town this afternoon heard an order read from Gen Elliot ordering out the Cav. that ccould be spared and 5 days rations , the wagons to be strongly gurrded.  Gen Milroy has sent his family home.  so has Col.  Ball, Major Granger and all the officers and doing [p 35, book 2] the same.  matters are coming to a focus in this quar  ter at long and last. any thing before lying round the way we are.  we will have to fight we might as well go into it first as last.

Wednesday Apr 29th 63 Weather fine.  till about 5 in the evening whem it commenced to rain. thetroops under Gen Elliot return'd this evening.  there is all sorts of rumors afloat as to their doings while away.  the 12th Pa Cav lost 8 men we will learn nothing until Elliot makes his report.our Co came in from picket this morning. they have been on guard and picket duty 5 days out of 7.  4 more of the Pa Cav. were brought to the hospt wounded, mostly in the breast.

Thursday Apr 30 63  Weather fine with slight rain.our Regt. was drawn up in line for inspection  gen Elliot inspected us.  I put on the harnefs for the first time since Nov.  dam the rig I do hope I will never have to put them on very often.  Tom Hittle is still very sick.  Geor Churchs discharge papers were return'd not approved.he feel much disappointed.  all those who are not able for duty are to be detaild as guards [p 36, book 2] and nurses in the hospts. Q.M. & Com Dpt, we were mustered in for 2 Months pay.  Charley Church applied for a furlough  the Captain gave him a first rate character as a good soldier and deserving of a furlough for meretorious conduct.the Col sign'd it but twas no go.  Gen Elliot would not sign it.  Charley feels considerably riled about it, but he may have better lluck next time.  the communication is cut off on the B & O RR, no mail to night.that great incubus, the Army of the Potomac, has at last moved.may it achieve something this time.  hitherto it has been a dead weight. Bob McNab who went to Martinsburg on Tuesday with the Col wife has not yet return'd.  we fear he has been gobbled up/  the Rebs are on their old groung about Clarksburg Grafton and Mannington  tearing up the B & O RR.  to day is a national fast and praying day.  if prayers would have ended the war twoud have ceased long ago.  I am of the same opinion as the great Napoleon. Providence is genneraly on the side of the strongest battallion.  to day is [p 37, book 2] my birthday.  Iam 36 or 37  I forget which.  [Born in 1826, he was 37.]  I cannot tell till I refer to mothers letter.  I hope tis the last birthday I will spend in the army

Friday May 1 63  May has been usher'd in with sunny smiles.  the whole of our Reg has been detail'd  to day to build a fort about 1 mile in our rear com  manding the Romney road. Lieut Black return'd late last night he brought letters for a good many of the Boys,  one for me,  Bob is getting stout and strong, oh, how glad I am.  the rest are all well.  Bob McNab return'd late last night.  he went to a station 20 Miles beyond Maringsburg on the road to Harpers Ferry.  Mrs. Ball has to go home by the way of Baltimore. Lieut Black return'd by the same route.  the Rebs must have done considerable damage to the road or it would have been repair'd before now  Tom Hittle is much better to day.  the fever has been subdued. I was afraid he was going to have a severe attack.  Lieut Armstrong told me that in conversation with several of the 13 Pa Cav. they told him that at roll call when they came from Strasburg there was 40 missing.  they only brought in 13. 8 kill'd and 5 wounded.  Gen Elliot is in bad favor with all the troops that were under [p 38, book 2] his command.  they say he shew'd no generalship at all, but saw the Cav shot down without anyeffort to save them.  there were 1000 men at work on the fortifications. the same number are to be detail'd every day till it is finish'd.  they cut down about 3 acres of heavy timbers durning the day. Gen Elliot has been order'd to report to Washington reason, don't know.

Saturday May 2d 63  To day the weather has been very warm.  our Mefs went into the woods and got a lot of spruce for bedding  and dug up 6 spruce trees which we planted round our tent. then cut sod and made a nice grafs plot in front.  tis the only tent in the Regt. that is fix'd up so tasty.  Mefs No 1 Co I against the Regt from the Col down to every com officer in the Regt. speak warmly in our praise.  a flag of truce came in from Strasburg to Gen Milroy requesting him to send out a fatigue party to  bury our dead kill'd during the engagement last Monday.  what in humanity to leave their bodies unburied for such a period.  Fu Gee islanders can do no worse.  I did not learn if any one was sent out. humanity dictates that they recieve a decent chris  tian burial.  Major Granger released me from [p 39, book 2] arrest this evening.  my sentence was light. a reprimand by the Captain at retreat roll call.  I thank'd the Major for his lenity. I was call out 2 paces in front of the Co when the Capt talk'd to me like a Daddy for about 10 minutes.  his remarks were tp the point and deliver'd in a kindly strain and spirit.  he acted the gen  tlman on this occasion.  thus ended the first lesson  there was quite an excitement this evening.  firing was heard along a portion of our picket lines, but nothing serious resulted far as I could learn.  Our Chaplin has return'd/

Sunday May 3d 63  The weather has been very warm to day.  the men were call'd out to work on the entre  nchments, the first time they have work'd on Sunday.  Lt.Col Bushfields resignation has been accepted he leaves for home on Tuesday morning.  the chaplin held an open air prayer meeting in the evening  5 of the Officers of our Regt tender'd their resignations to day.  matters are considerable mix'd up amongst them.  Tom Hittle is a little better

Monday May 4th 63  Weather fine with slight showers in the morning a Regt of Cav and some artillery went out this morning on the Romney road [p 40, book 2] there is a rumour that Mulligan is in a tight place inthe neighbourhood of Grafton.  I suppose the Cav that went out this morning are going to his aid.  about 3 in the afternoon our Regt was ordered to take 4 days rations and march in an hours notice.  all was bustle.  they started about 5.  they muster'd about 400/  8 of our Co were not able to march,  they go in the direction of Strasburg.  several of them left their money with me amounting to about $80,00  Co H & K retur ned froma4 days scout just as the Regt was starting . they went from here to Front Royal then down the Shenanadoah where they took every boat, dugout, ferry boat and skiff on their way.  they floated down 40 Miles to Snickers ferry where we have a stong guard to prevent the crofsing of the enemy.  the boats were all left in their charge.  they brought in 4 horses and 3 prisoners.  they brought a skiff up to Camp with them.  the combined Cos. were under the command of Capt Gordon

Tuesday May 5th 63  Weather fine till about 2 when  when a storm set thunder lightning and heavvy rain which continue with slight intermis  sion till late in the night. [p 41, book 2] citizens residing 10 miles from here on the Stras  burg report heavy firing in that direction.  the 110th with 3 peices started about 11 to the assistance of our Regt.  I expect they will have warm work before they get back. poor Boys, have they have to lay out to night they will suffer severely. lots of them  did not take either overcoats or blankets it was so warm when they started.

Wednesday May 6th 63  It continued to rain nearly all night and has rain'd more or lefs all day.  the 87th Pa 116rh & 123th(only a portion of the 2 latter) started out to join the forces at Strasburg.  the last we heard of our Regt they were at Woodstock and still pusing on. where they will bring up I don't know

Thursday May 7th63  Rain'd nearly all night and all day.  heard fromthe Regt. they were at Edinburgh a small town beyond Woodstock wnet down to get my clothes.  ist time I have been down since I came back. learn'd while there that Schenck had order'd our troops back [p 42, book 2]

Friday May 8th 63  Weather fine with slight rain. things very quiet in Camp.  at last the agony is over. for the last 2 days glowing accounts of Hookers sucefs reach'd us through the Baltimore papers. this evening they are dash'd to the ground.  tis another grand failure.  a strange fatality seems to follow that Army defeat, defeat, nothing but defeat after all the immense preperation. the enthusiasm of troops and the high hopes and expectations of the country.  it has ended thus.  10,000 lives have again been sacrifised to military stratagey  and the Molock of rebellion.  Vallindingham has been arrested.  good.  I hope they will hang him xurse him. he has done moreharm to the Union cause than any other man in the North

Saturday May 9th 63 Weather fine.  Sun shining occalion  ally.  the 87th Pa struck tents about 7 this morn ing.  they go to Beverley, West Va.  the 9th 10th & 12th follow . they contitute the 2d Brigade of our Div. our Regt return'd about 3 this afternoon in such a plight.  foot sore, tired and weary a great many of them had cut their boots and shoes all to peices.  their feet had swollen so [p 43, book 2] that they could not get them off.  a number of them had their feet cut and bleeding.  they were a woebegone looking set.  they march'd about 50 to New Market passing through Curran Town, newtown, middletown, Strasburg, Oaksville, Mt Jackson, Edinburgh, Wood  stock to New Market.  at Mt Jackson ther is 3 splendid hospitals.  far superior to any thing of the kind in this Section. they were the 1st troops that had penetrated so far after Bankes retreated through here.  it appears there is no really organized force within 60 miles of here in that direction, but Just scatter'd detachments and squads of Cav. and bush  whackers.  they found their Camps scatterd all over the mountains in the most unlikely and inacces  able places.  they hover'din the rear of our forces, both going and coming, keeping about form 1/2 to a Mile distant or skirting the neighbouring hills.  our troops had no chance to reach them.  they capturd 9 bushwhackers, amongst them a middle aged man who has bushwak'd 5 of our men and buried them not far from his house.  he had the 6th grave dug. the Boys would like to have hung the God Damd old Cufs but the Officers would not allow it [p 44, book 2] they brought in 70 barls flour.  if they had teams they could have brought away 300brls.  the tele  graph line was destroy'd for about 30 Miles.  the maj  ority of the Regt slept but one night under cover . rain, rain nothing but rain.even in thiswild out of the way place where they were sent out as skirmishers(our Co) they found Capt whiskey in the safekeeping of a son of the Green Isle who, for the small con  sideration of a quarter a drink, offer'd to satisfy their thirsty souls.  Mike Keeley Charley Church and Jack Maxfield paid close attention to their new found friend.they laid down on the floor in their wet clothes without any fire and slept till morning.  they brought in 8 families from New Market, mostly Irish, who were anxious to  leave Secessia. they purpose going to Ohio  3 of the frail daughters of Eve in Mt Jackson en ticed several of our men into their houses in the night. after entertaining they betray'd 3 of our men  into the hands of the Rebels.  they were arrested and brought in.  5 of Co G were captur'd. they went about 200 yds outside of the picket lines to a barn to pass the night.  during the night they wer capturd [p 45, book 2] 1 of Co Bs men was taken prisoner at the same time.  3 desertions have occur'd during the week. 2 from Co D and Alf Hall from Co A. George Fell & Kinney had a narrow escape.  they fell behind about 5 miles and laid out next morning.10 Cav pass'd within 20 yds of them.they laid low and kept dark thus escaped.  at Mt Jackson the boys clean'd out a Jew store of everything he had amounting to about $10000.  he was a dam'd Sesch.  At Strasburg Battery ---- took all the rebels letters from the P.O. and distributed them amongst the men.  they also confiscated about 50 chickens. they lived high.  our boys had the everlasting hard tack and sow belly.  Capt Farghuer was placed under arr  est for allowing his 5 men to crofs the picket lines. Leuit Black was put in command of the Co.

Sunday May 10th 63  To day the weather has been fine turn'd out at inspection.  2 of our mes went out on duty.,  notwithstanding their hard tramp, twas hard but they had to go it

Monday May 11th 63  Got a letter from Mag by a Mem  ber of Co A.  she says she is uneasy on my account having heard that there had been [p 45, book 2] a battle near here.  she saysshe has not had a letter from me for 2 weeks  I write every week, weather very warm.  our Co is on duty to night; some on picket, some on Camp guard.  I was detaild for Camp but was excused.  the Capt told me a few minutes ago that Milroy has received a dispatch from Schenck. that Richmond had been taken by 10,000 Cav. to good news to be true.  I doubts

Tuesday May 12th 63  Weather very warm.  received orders to move our tents towards the parade ground to the end that we may have more room and a  freer accefs of air.  some of the quarters were very dirty having occupied the same ground for 4 Months.  tis a good sanitary measure to move occassionally. had they all been as clean as ours we would not have had to move.  Schenck telegraph'd or sent an order to Milroy to the effect that he fortify this place and hold it if attack'd and that he set no more Man killing Scouts in motion; refering to the last Scout under Elliot which was a perfect failure.  out of the troops under his command in that scrape not lefs than 150 Men have been renderd unfit [p 47, book 2] for duty.  about 35 from our Regt, none from our Co, 65 from the 110th.  the whole Scout was a miserable failure.  Gen Elliot is failure in every sence of the word.

Wednesday May 13th 63 Weather very warm. at work all day fixing up our street and digging round.  a member of 110th Regt was shot dead whilst on picket in daylight about 2 Miles from town.  Stonewall Jacksons carrer is at an end.  he was a brave, fearlefs, bold man and I honestly believe a good christian.  tis not the 1st instance of a good man attaching him self to a bad cause.  peace to his ashes he gave us some hard knocks in his day

Thursday May 14th 63  Our Co is on picket duty to day and will remain out till the morning at 9.  weather warm till towards  evening when the wind rose and continued to blow big guns till late in the night.  several of the tents were blown down.  cut sod to put in front of the tent.  Charley Church laid a nice brick walk.  got tan bark to cover the street.  busy all day.  felt tired towards night [p 48, book 2]

Friday May 15th 63  to day the weather has been very fine.  sodding in front of the tent all day.  Serjt Voris & Serjt Maxfield were both placed under arrest this evening for sleeping on the post while on picket.  I am afraid twill go tough with them.  a righteous sentence has been pass'd on that vile traitor Vallindingham, 2 Years confinement in the Dry Tortugas  there are a great number in the North who ought to be sent to bear him company.  the war will only drag its weary length along whilst such traitors are tolerated in our midst

Saturday May 16th63  Weather very warm.  got our tent fix'd up at last except a little sodding.  the supply train of the 116th Ohio was attack'd by 4 rebel Cav about 3 Miles from here. they kill'd 3 horses.  the Q.M. of the Regt shot one of them.  there was a rumor that Capt Gordons Co had been captur'd 6 Miles from here.  I could not trace it to any reliable scourse

Sunday May 17th 63  On account of the number of sick in our Co (10) the orderly requested me to turn out and stand picket.  we started out at 7 O'clock [p 49, book 2] we were posted between the Martinsburg & Berryville Pike.  the posts extended about 1-1/2 Miles.  the day was very fine.  the pickets were posted at 8 in the evening and releived at about 4 in the morning.  they stood 2 hours tricks. Charley Church was the corporal in charge.  I staid in the tent with him to keep each other awake, as we were not allow'd to sleep.  twas rather cold towards morning. when I felt a little sleepy I got up and walk'd around. went with Lieut Black to visit the pickets towards the fort. (a rebel one, by the way, thrown up by Jackson). on returning to my post I lost my way and rambled about a good while until I was challenged by one of the pickets who put me on the track.  there was a number of cows grazing about our post. as a matter of course (as the boys say) we went for them.  we got about 5 Gals.  we lived high and no mistake.  some of them gather'd greens which we boil'd with some bacon.  we brought about 15 pints to camp with us.  if we had some cornmeal we should have a blow out on Mush.  wrote a letter to Mag in the afternoon and read the Atlantic Monthly, tis only  suited to a certain class of readers.  there is to much stancendalism and metaphisices in the [p 50, book 2] majority of the articles to suit the common run of readers.  I hate all such trash.

Monday May 18th 63  Return'd to camp a little after 8.  one of the guards, Kinney, was found asleep on his post. he was reported.  he has been hander over to the tender mercies of a genral Court Martial.  poor fellow, I feel sorry for him.  Voris & Maxfield underwent an examination before the Major this morning.  sentence defer'd as he says tis a grave offence and requires some consideration.  I trust their punishment will be light and serve as a warning to the whole Regt.  the 1st Va 2 Va. Ca and NY Cav. a portion of eachretur  ned from the pursuit of the Rebeel Cav. who cap  tured 54 of the 1st Md.   they came up with them near Piedmont(not Piedmont on the B & O RR) they attack'd them and recaptured the whole of our men.  taking 4 rebel prisoners and 40 horses.  Capt. Nutt of the Va and 1 serjeants were kill'd 3 or 4 of our men the prisoners were shot in the melee. stringent orders were read at drefs parade this evening in regard to picket duty.  all found sleeping on their posts will here after be tried by court martial. all the cases [p 51, book 2] in ourCo will be disposed of by the Major.  I am glad it is so. for the credit of the Co 4 rebels were kill'd. the 1st N.Y. Cav are still in pursuit.

Tuesday May 19th 63  The Major and Adjutant have both had their horses stolen.  they were turn'd out to graze in the rear of the Camp.  night before last one of the mules was stolen out of the Camp on the 116th.  he was out 6 miles when he was met by some Cav. he dis  mounted, he escaped into the woods.  they are getting bold a citizen who has acted as guide to our army in this section was taken out of his bed last night by some prouling band.  his fate is sealed.  they penetrated our picket lines sometime during the morning and took a soldier prisoner and got clear off.  8 of the party who captur'd the guide were brought in prisoners this evening they we identified by a woman who lives in the neighbourhood who happen'd to be in the provost Mar  shall's office at the time.  the long roll was beat in the 110th about 4 O'clock in the afternoon. 5 Cos. started ourt on the Strasburg road, tis reported 600 rebels are within 6 miles of here.  an artillery man who came in from there reports some skirmishing.  nothing definite is known.  2 of our Cos are out scouting [p 52, book 2]

Wednesday May 20th 63 Weather very warm.  our Co on fatigue duty on the forts.  went down town.when I return'd I was order'd to report to Dr. Meeker at the hospital.  did so.  then reported toHuston.  they are sadly in want of nurses.  I told him I would do so for a week or two but no longer.  that I would have a better berth or quit. were it not that the poor fellows would positively suffer for want of care I would not accept any such berth

Thursday May 2163  Went down to the  hosp about 8.  was detail'd to assist in ward 8.  commenced to sweep up & get things in fix.the nurse who was in charge commen  ced to put on airs and come the bofs.  I quit and told him to go to hell.  went to Huston told him I wanted a ward under my own control.  he gave me Ward 13 where there are a number of our own boys.  I have it under my control so am satified that far. fix'd up things gene  rally which they stood much in need of.  Lieuts Harris & Anderson went home this morning.  their resignations having been accepted.  Capt Peach Co A has been appoi  nted Major, Granger Lieut Col.  2 deaths occur'd to day.  about 10 O'clock at night the signal gun was fired the long roll beat, the Cav summons'd to [p 53, book 2] m arms and hell to play generally.  when the truth of the matter was learn'd,  it appears our pickets on the Berryville road mistook each other for the enemy and fired on each other.  the Niggers about the hospt(of which there is quite a number) began to bellow and cry fearful lest we sjould be attack'd and captur'd  when visions of away down Souf flitted before their affrighted vision poor souls. theirs is a hard life at best

Friday May 22d 63  Weather very warm.  have 12 patients under my charge 5 of whom are confined to their beds with fever.  our Cav had a skirmish with the Rebels about 6 Miles from town in which they captured 5 or 6.  one of our Scouts was captur'd to day- near Newtown. got a letter from Mag.  all well at home

Saturday May 23 63  Weather very  warm.  had the rooms bru  shed(?) up, put clean clothes on the men, sheets and pillow slips on the beds.  after supper took a walk with Geo Ghurch.  we visited the burial ground where rest the remains of Maj. Gen Daniel Morgan of revolution  ary fame.  he rests in a brick vault a marble slab covers it.  tis much defaced.  almost all who visit it wish to carry away a small peice as a momento of the old hero.  [p 54, book 2] some former visitor had broken off a peice of the corner.  Geo and I appropriated it. he died in 1802.  little did he dream that those amongst whom his ashes were laid to rest would be the foremost to rise up and attempt to destroy the fair fabric he has fought so hard and faithfully to rear.  amongst the rest is one erected to the memory of W. Holliday date 1790.  it has the coat of arms of the family pretty distinct upon it.  3 knights heads with the vizor down and a griffin with a staff in  it paw sermount it.  I do not know sufficient about heraldry to decipher it.  tis the first armorial drarings I have seen on a tombstone in America.  Miskimmins, of Co B of our Regt who join'd Milroy's scouts a short time  ago, was shot in the leg and captur'd byu the Rebels to day about 10 miles from here.

Sunday May 24, 63  Gen Milroy came round with Dr. Meeker this morning to inspect the hospt.  he went away much pleased with the institution.  everything was neat and clean. weather very warm.  in the after  noon took a walk out to the rebel burial ground. there is 1400 lying side by side in trenches not seperate graves.  the trench was dug 2-1/2 feet deep [p 55, book 2] they were then laid as closely together as possible.  what a sad comment on war.  one of them had a marble tablet erected to his memory by his comrads, he was but 19.  at the bottom was the inscription, tis sweet to die for ones country, poor misquided youth. may he rest in peace.  they were from all parts of the South, Mifs. Geor. Alab. Tenn. Va N.c.  S.C.  Lous. & Md.  they are the wounded who died after the battle of Antetium.  Oh what a glorious chance was there thrown away to crush the rebellion and earn a never dying name by McClenanan.  wrote  to Mag

Monday May 25th 63 Rain'd a little during thenight  weather rather cool.  to day 1 death occur'd.  there is a small pox case in the hosp.  the young mans father came from Buchannan to see him.  he was not allow'd to see him.  he has been suffering from a severe attack of typhoid fever.  the 18th Conn Regt arrived here this afternoon.  all wear a smiling face Vicksburg has fallen.  Bully for Grant, but how many lives have been sacrifi  ced.  there is many a sorrowful heart this night.  such is war [p 56, book 2]

Tuesday May 26 63  To day has been a little warmer.  went up to Camp, brought down my things, got my boots soled.  Mr Huston's wife & family came from Zville this afternoon they are going to board in the hosp till he can get a house.  I wil go and board where he has been to morrow.  the grub is rather rought in the hosp.  the 87 Pa pass'd in review before Gen Milroy's.  they went through the manual and part of the Zuove drill.  they are a spendid drill'd Regt.  but onary, thieving Cusses when on march.  the Major & Adj. found thir horses about a mile from Camp a farmer had them plowing.when they were found he said he pick'd them up and as they were not mark'd U.S. he set them to work, rather cool.  Maxfield, Voris & Kinney were released from arrest by the Major with a light lecture. he said the Co Office had not done their duty in not instructing them properly.  I feel glad to think they got off so lightly

Wednesday May 27th 63 Weather fine sun shining beautifully all day.  go t a letter from Mag.  she is very  unhappy.  Kate and her are constantly [p 57, book, 2] quarreling. Kate always was and always will be a crofs grain'd customer.  she is getting inthe lean and yellow leaf and it sours her temper.  every day makes her worse.  I do most sincerely wish some poor devil would come along and take her off the hooks.  God help him, whoever he may be,(if ever it happens) which I think never will, she will lead him a sad life.  I feel deeply for Mag.  she has a heavy burthen with such a large family of small children.  she has great energy of characted or she would succumb.  I would that I were only home again, but the wish is futile.  she still labors under the impression that I can get out of the Army if I make an effort.she little knows the difficulties attending it.  in fact since the Invaild Corps has been establish'd there is no possible chance.  a bold Reb halted a Wagon a few miles out on the Berryville road and told the driver to dismount as he wanted the horses.  unfortunately for him there was a Sold  ier lying down in the wagon who had excaped his notice who presented a long hollow peice of iron used for ridding the world of Rebs.  he was fairly caught.  if he had attempted to excape he would have been shot dead on the spot.  they brought him in [p 58, book 2]

Thursday May 28th 63 Weather warm. writing hard all day.  Dick Dugan assisted me in the afternoon Mochates he lived in the addition who join'd Cronyn's Co (as a substitute) and deserted before the Regt left Camp came here and gave himself up as a deserter/  more fool he after escaping for 9 months/  I think I would have run the risk of being arrested a little longer.  he was lodg'd in the guard house he will have a tough time of it I imagine.  quite extensive foraging has been going on for the last few days.  not lefs then 2,500 Bus of Wheat.  200 head of sheep & 75 hd of cattle have been prest into the service of Uncle Sameul

Friday May 29th 63  Weather fine to day got all the books pix'd up.  will now have an easier time of it for the future  Mr. Huston is confined to bed with a slight attack of fever.  Mr. Warner who keeps Shoe Store  op the Zane House came here this evening to take his brother in law Mast home.he is still very weak he has been suffering from typhoid fever

Saturday May 30th 63 Weather warm.  a Scouting party retrun'd this evening bringing in 27 horses and 11 Rebel prisoners.  as usual we began to hollow [p 59, book 2] before we were out of the woods.  Vicksburg still holds out . there has been desperate fighting.  Grant is intrenching in the rear and digging rifle pits.  tis fear'd that the Rebel Joe Johnston(Genl) will get in his rear and force him to raise the seige. twould be a dire cala  mity after all the life & treasure that has beensacrificed. 4 of the finest largest oxen were brought into town this evening(captured) that I have seen in Va

Sunday May 31st 63  To day has been very warm.  sign'd the pay roll.  there is 6 of our Co. in the hosp in some capacity or other.  the 87th Pa Brafs Band play'd some beautiful tunes about 9 this evening.  they play well considering they have been practising but 4 or 5 Months.

Monday June 1st 63  Weather warm.  roads a little dusty.  were paid to day. (up to the end of Ap) sent 25 Dols to Mag by Mrs. Warner who started this afternoon with Mast for Zanesville tis rumor'd that our Brigade moves to Washington City in a day or two.  the report is that Beauregard is reinforcing Lee and they are going to make a grand attack and capture Washington City or die in the last ditch.  I do not know what disposition will be made of me.  I would like [p 60, book 2] very much to go but I will trust to luck.  a fire occurred this afternoon destroying a wing of a large brick house 2 stories high.  the main building was saved by the exertion of the Soldiers.  Capt Gary return'd to Camp last evening after a 4 days scout.  they captured 2 horses & 6 bales of Sesch cloth. they did not come acrofs any Rebs.  the Boys from our Co told me that Col Granger on drefs parade said he was sorry to learn that the men under Capt Gary on the last scout had been guilty of entering private houses and compelling the women to cook victuals for them and otherwise  abusing them.  he said such conduct should not be tolerated and any officer allowing it for the future would be dismiss'd the service and the men commiting such acts punish'd.  So it is Capt Gary's first and last command of a Scouting party. in his headlong zeal to the cause he confiscated 2 horses.  the owners follow'd him to town.  they saw Milroy and gave proof that they were good Union Men and had protection papers.  the horses were returned. he was indeed  shorn of his laurels in short order

Tuesday June 2d 63  To day weather warm.  very dusty in our Regt on the hill.  the Boys say tis almost [p 61, book 2] choking.  the tents and everything in them is cover'd thick. made the Monthly return of deaths to the A.Q.M., number of deaths 19.  the young man who had the small pox died this morning.  he was buried in the Pest burial ground.  his father has been here for a week and has never been allowed to see him.  he went out of town this morning to see some friends.  poor old Man.  twill shock him to learn that his Son has been buried without the malancholy pleasure of seeing him before he was consigned to his narrow home. the 12 Pa Cav. had a skirmish with some bushwhackers in the neighbourhood of Strasburg in which 2 of them were wounded  one was brought to the hosp shot through the leg, pretty severely.  the other one was slight wounded he was left at the Regt host; Harrison Marshall was brought down to the hosp.he is pretty low with fever

Wednesday June 3 63  Weather warm.  Huckison who attends to the Despensary went home on furlought this after  noon he took Mr. Teaso with him.  he was very low I fear he will not reach home alive.  all are on the alert.  there are all sorts of rumors expecting an attack [p 62, book 2] etc, etc.  they are working away manfully at the forts a new one is to be built.  a Regt of Cav went out late last night on the Strasburg road.  several of the Regts were under arms by 3 in the morning

Thursday June 4th 63 Weather mild and nice.  the 5th Md. Regt. came in today.  got up early this morning and fix'd up the drugs etc.  I do not think it has been clean'd since I left.  Mr. Huston is still sick and confined to his room so that I have mearly all to do myself.  2 deaths occur'd to day.  Dr. Gilkey of the 116th Ohio died this evening almost instantly.  cause (Happosia) (?) disease of the heart

Friday June 5th 63  Weather very fine.  the 12 Va return'd to Winchester.  they have been in Western Va doing a good deal of tramping.  went out in the evening and had a good time gene  rally.  elevated a little.  only slightly.  one death occur'd to day.

Saturday June 6th 63 Weather warm.  got up early and enter'd up the books.  our Co has gone out on a Scout under Lieut Black . Maxfield started out but had to return. he call'd at the hospt I gave him some medicine.  a flag of truce [p 63, book 2] went out towards Strasburg.  they brought in several families of refugees from C.C. some the Rebs has sent over the lines for their Union sentiments and feeling. others had come volan  tarily.  they appear'd to be in good spirits and glad to get in our lines.  they were well drefs'd and comfortably provided.  the Wagon train was captur'd between here and Beverly and between 30 and 40 horses stolen out of the Wagons.they took nothing but the horses.

Sunday June 7th 63  Weather has been very fine during the last few days.  Dick Dugan got a furlought and started home on Tuesday.  that is the last of Dick.  if he manages thing right.  Geo. Church and Hen Stephens will both get one in a day or two.  when they will both go to Columbus and get fix'd off.  Geo Fells, Adan Winegarners and Bob McNabs betters 1/2 came to town last evening  they have taken up boarding and will stay for a short time.  Mrs. Fell brought me 2 letters.  the cry is home, home.  she got the Money.  I lost all I had left yesterday morning.  I took out my pocketbook to pay the ---bin and did not have occasion [p 64. book 2] to use it for 5 or 6 hours.  when I open'd the book the Money was gone.  I shall feel its lofs seriously(?)  it may turn up yet but I doubt it much.  during the whole of this week things in a military point of view have been calm and quiet ominously so.  personally, rather on the stormy order. several bruzes with the Docters, partly my fault, partly theirs sure enough on

Friday June 12th 63  The storm burst with force.  about 8 in the evening 8 rebels belonging to the 1 Md Cav. were brought to the hospt wounded, some seriously.  they were put into wards, wash'd, clean clothes put on them, theirwounds dress'd amd as much attention paid them as if they had been our own men.  that is right when an enemy is wounded he ceases to be one and has then every claim upon our humanity and attention.  Twas nearly 12 O'clock before all was quiet.

Saturday June 13th 63  About 8 O'clock I went up to the Regt. about 9 without any previous know  ledge(there was rumors that the Rebs were comin in force but we had heard that so often that we ceased to pay any attention to it) [p 65, book 2] a rebel battery about 3 Miles from town open'd on our outposts and pickets.  there was real bona fide excitement  the long roll was beat, the Regts form'd in line of battle.  Aids and orderlies riding hither and there as for bare life.  ----- dispatches as to the disposition of troops all themoveable Artillery was sent out of town.  twas a beautiful but saddening sight to see them almost flying with their ponder  ous engines of distruction as though they were only feathers.  the Inft and Cav. follow'd,the 122d was left to guard the fort and protect the hill.  cannonading was kept up all day till late inthe evening. rumors reach Camp almost every hour as to the sucefs or defeat of our Arms. all was suspence and anxiety.  towards evening we learn'd that our lofs all told in kill'd wounded and missing amountd to between 60 & 70 men.  the 123 Ohio suffer'd most, the 110th Ohio next.  the 87 Pa and 5 Md and 18 Conn the Cav lost but few. the guns from the fort did good execution dismounting 2 of the Rebs largest guns and killing & [p 66, book 2] wounding quite a number.  the Rebs have quite a large force of Inft. but they kept in the woods most of the time.  at one time a Regt came out where the 110th Ohio charg'd upon and drove them under cover of their batteries.  they are highly spoken of.  during the day 2 large houses in town were burn'd to the ground, there was no effort made to save them.  about 8 O'clock after a days excitement such as few of us had pass'd allwere order'd to quarters being desirous of getting a good nights rest.  vain hope.about 9 the Regt received or  ders to fall out with 1 days rations in their haver  sacks to go they knew not whither.  just as they wer forming into line it commenced to rain and oh such rain,it last about 2 hours.  they march'd about 2-1/2 Miles in Pitchy darknefs and then laid down on the wet cold ground and strange as it may seem some of them selpt soundly. so much so that when the Regt. was order'd to return to Camp at 3 in morning several of them slept on, it being to dark for their comrades to mifs them from the ranks.  they came straggling in till towards daylight in the mean time those [p 67, book 2] who were left in the tints were order'd about 11 to put up and pack knapsacks etc etc.  of those who were out Tom Hittle & I did it for our Mefs.  by the way I am happy to see Tom gaining strength.  I was afraid he was going to die.  I learn'd from the Boys that all our batteries had retrun'd to Camp/  The Com & Q M. stores were all loaded and brought up to the forts.  nothing left in town.  Milroy was fearful that the Rebs had during the night planted their battery right opposite our Camp.  down came the Tents witha rush.  in 20 Minutes where a small town had stood was bare & desolate. Coffee was boil'd and breakfast eaten.  per  haps the last for many. about 1/2 past 4 the Regtwas call'd into line and each Co. assignd its post. when I left, our Regt occupied the post nearest where the enemy were expected I put on my traps and felt desirous to join our Co but, no they all said your place is in the hopt.if any of us get wounded we know that we will have every attention you can procure.  I left them with a heavy [p 68, book 2] heart but hoping for the best.  in the mean time thewhole of the Inft force had been concentrated on the hill and in the forts

Sunday June 14th 63  Got down to the hospt about 5.met Dr. Owens getting into the join his Regt. the 110th.  shook hands with him.  he said there would be hot work to day.  the action com  menced about 8 by our guns from the fort.  the Infantry advancing cautiously.  our Regt. had the first man wounded, John Maxwell, a member of Co A, thro the thigh. during the day 8 in all from our Regt were brought in.  the battle raged everywhere from all points they have thoroughly surrounded nothing but a miracle can extricate us.  about 4 O'clock Maxfield came into the hospt.  thoroughly exhausted, he was almost spent.  I gave him some stimula  nts and made him rest.  he wish'd to go and join the Regt, but I would not allow him.  he says they have been fighting hard all day.  just as he was leaving(he was order'd to fall to the rear which he did very unwillingly)our Co I K & B made a charge on their intrenchments but were rep  ulsed twice.  they then commenced to fall back [p 69, book 2] towards the fort when they were met by a murderous crofs fire from recently erected batteries and some Inft, but they still push'd on up the hill and gain'd the fort it just rain'd  shell on our late Camp ground.our cook house was knock'd into pie. all the knapsacks were in it.  I had a blanket.  our forces were driven into town towards evening where light Skirmishing took  place till dark.  Elliot and I went to dinner but the people were to much scar'd to do anything and woman like a number of them had left their houses and all gone to a large house thinking they would be safer.  they said they would have supper ready but when supper time came we came to the conclu  sion that the climate in that section was rather unhealthy.  about dusk they made 2 unsucefsful charges on the fort which ended it for the day.  the 6 Md made a sucessful charge in the afternoon capturing some 72 of the enemy.  did not lay down.str  agglers coming in all night.  about 3 O'clock Harry Gamble & John Smith of our Co. they belong'd to the hospt(RegtP they could give no informationabout the Co or Regt.  they got seperated.  Gamble was with the Wagon train on the Martinsburg road.he was [p 70, book 2] capturd just as he got into town.  John Smith lost his horse .  about daylight two members of Co J(?) our Regt came into the hospt.  I first learnd from them the extent of our lofs.  they were detaild to carry(arm) from the Magazine.  the Officer told them to lay down and rest awhile when they awoke about dawn lo and behold there was but 6 or 7 left.  the whole Army had retreated.  the guns were all spik'd, the harness cut up and nothing but perfect wreck thus in a few hours the labor of 1000 of men for Months, the immense outlay of material was scatter'd to the winds, but twas use  lefs to content against such odd they did all men could do underthe circumstances.  our forces in and around here all told did not amount to more than 8,000.  their Div whole force about 74,000, about 25 or 30,000 in this section, the rest round Romney, Berryville and Martinsburg if such is the fact, and I believe tis, all day with our men Who have retreated not a devil will escape.  about 5 a squad pass'd the hospt.they were the first rebs I Have had the fortune or misfortune to see they look'd [p 71, book 2] tired and jaded but rugged, the Wagon trains commen  ced passing thro about 6 and such a train, it must have been 10 Miles long.  they said 12 which I doubt not it was.  then came Art. Cav. Inft. all mix'd up in appa  rent confusion yet still in order.will they ever end is the question.  they did towards evening.  they were quar  ter'd in and about town.  during the whole of the day they brot in prisoners by squads and Cos amongst the rest Jim O'Hara, Bailey, Kimball, Burwell, Lt Armstrong Petty, Rush & Parrish of our Co.  I cannot learn anything about Lt Black or Capt Gary . they have an immense number of Art. of the largest and best pattern.  their horses are in  splendid condition.  the Cav are a fine looking set of men well drest and splendidly arm'd.  the Inft thro lack of tents and hard marching do not present so good an appearance but they look and can stand any amount of hardship/  they do not burden themselves with muchin thier knapsacks.  our boys would grumble like blazes and swear they were naked and the government neglecting them were they no better provided. there has been considerable fig  hting all day on the Martinsburg road.  they are in the [p 72, book 2] rear and front of our men.

Tuesday June 16th 63  Slept a little during the night from to day to Monday 22 th wounded have continued be to brought.  one night I took in 34 in almost every stage of mutilation.  we cannot givethem the comforts and accommodation they require.  they having taken nearly every bed and matrefs.  I went into the convalescent ward and took all the beds I could find from under those who were getting well.  I never had such a job in my life. I laid them down on the Office floor, hunted up nurses to attend to them.  such sights I hope never to see again.  Dr. Bryan of our Regt. was up all night drefsing and amputating.  for 3 days and nights I have not been in bed.  every day prisoners and passing thro to Richmond all that were able to leave the hospt were sent. G. Church and Hen Stephens.  Maxfield was taken out but return'd.  all the women round the host were call'd upon to -turn in and wash the clothes.  they were beginning to smell.  they went to work bravely and in a day had all wash'd up.  got some cof  fins and had the dead buried.  several of them? [p 73, book 2] were dead when taken out of the ambulances.  others died before their names could be taken.  lime was sprinkled all over thehouse and every means ad  opted to preserve health.  everything is in charge of one of their Surgs.  the Officers as a body are per  fect gentlemen and treat us with the courtesy due from man to man.  but one instance to the contrary has come under my notice.  from the situation I am in I am brought in contact with then every hour.some few get excited in discussing theright of Secession but in the main tis discuss'd as dispassionately assuch a subject can.  Tom Dou  glas of Zville pass'd thro here on Tuesday last.he is an officer in the Cav.  I spike but a few words to him.  when as usual he flew into a passion. he always did so when we talk'd  the matter over at home before the rebellion broke out.  with all his faults I give him credit for sincerity and honest of purpose.  he though the south was right and he took up arms in her defence.  about 5,000 pris  oners have been sent thro to Richmond.  they have clean'd out the whole concern and I hear taken the man who run it(Milroy) I don't know [p 74, book 2] howtrue it is.  Col Ball has escap'd, so I hear.Major Granger pris.  Adj Cushing rep kill'd I have just learn'd that Mike Keeley pass'd thro a prisoner.  several women attach to various Regts were sent to Richmond in Wagons.  G Fell and the rest of the Zville boys sent a letter by them to be posted soon as they get over the lines.  I can scarcely bear to think of Mag & the sweet babes. she will be distracted till she learns some thing of me.  I would give almost anything did she but know I was alive God Blefs them I hope it will not be long till I shall see them.  I would that this strife were over and be once more united to my family, and our common country again un  der one flag.  the amount of baggage of every des  cription brot into townis enormouse.  it is stow'd in nearly all the empty stores.  quite a number of the Rebs are drest in our new clothes that they captur'd. there is a report that they are about to attack Harpers Ferry.  On Sunday 73 pontoon Bridges pass'd thro here on the way to the Potomac.  they took them from the Rapahan nock.  each was drawn by 6 mules and haul'd [p 75, book 2] on pontoon wagon.  they intend doing things up if they can.  where the hell is Hooker, Stoneman and the rest.  I heard that part of our Regt with the 87 Pa had cut their way thro and are in Harpers Ferry.  I trust so.  we have lost enough in wounded and prisoners.

Monday June 22d 63  I begin to feel a little better, for the last few days I have not been very well.  to day every man thatcould leave the host has been moved to A. Conv Hosptl a short distance from town.  went up and took the number of men.  could not do it very accurately,for the last week we have liv'-d on Bread Coff & Tea, a great change from our former profusion.  they have neither Coffee Tea Sug or rice. the men up in Camp were almost starving.  came into town,got a requisition for rations.  could get nothing but Brd beans Bacon not much of that & Salt. got thro at dark perfectly tired out.

Tuesday June 23d 63  To day want up to the Camp and retook the names.  Jack Maxfield help'd me to copy them off.  took it to the Med. Dir of the Confeds who, by the way, is a first rate [p 76, book 2] fellow.  he directed me to take a list of all in the hospt which I did.  the No 345 all told.  I gave it to Meeker and told him to hand it over as I was to tired to copy it off.  I have taken the names 8 or 9 times. I'll be dam'd if I aint tired of it.  the report thro Reb scources is that they have been beat badly at Snickers Ferry & Berryville.  they keep very quiet abut it.  things tolerable quiet in town.  the pontoon train that went thro here tis rumor'd has been captur'd a great change has taken place in the price of goods.butter which was 25 is not a dol in Confed money.  everything in proportion  all articles are from 250 or 400 per cent higher.  Onions is Onions 25 Cts in federal Money for 6.  a great meny are anxious to trade off 5 Dol Reb for 1 of Green backs

Wednesday June 24th 63 Early in the forenoon a train of 36 peices of Artpass'd thro,they nearly all bore the U.S. mark.  the whole of their Inft force has been withdrawn.  quite a small force left here in fact, they are not needed but for guards.  I learn, how true I know not, that [p 77, book 2] McClellan has again been call'd to the head of affairs.  well, we will see what he will do this time.  I, for one, had lost confidence. he is in command of Pen & Washington.  4 deaths occ  ured during the night.  nearly all the severe am  putation cases are dropping off.  there is evidently something about to turn up, as Micawber says.  got Maxfield to help me to copy the names into a book.  I am glad to see so much good feeling existing between them & us.  I have not heard an angry word pass.  you see them sitting in knots together chatting and discussing matters like brothers ( which we are) a good many acknowledge this their last card and say they are bound to win.  we will see.  trains have been passing thro all day bound North.  100s of their old worn out horses pass South.  they having made a haul of good fresh ones.  about 1000 fine cattle were driven thro South.  they have evidently been doing some thing.  recieved orders to parole all in the hospt. work'd at it till 10O'clock when I quit tired and weary enough.  the whole of the [p 78, book 2] women in the hospt were sent South.  twas a pitiable sight husband and wife parting knowing not when they would meet again.  Bob McNabs case was particularly hard, she having lost all her money and having to depend up her compainons in misfortune, who, bye the way, I feel satisfied will not let her want for anything.  she had an innocent sucking had Mrs. Winegarner.  Mrs. Fell was more fortunate being by herself.  such is one of the chances of war.  may it soon be over is my earnest wish and prayer

Thursday June 25th 63  Got up about 5 and com  menced to go the rounds and finish paroling.each man sign'd his name or me for him, he made his mark, when I administer'd the oath to them.  they(we) are all anxious to get on the way home.  250 were brot down from the Convl Camp yesterday and march'd into the Court House yeard.  they will start to morrow for Staunton [Va].  about 8 or 10 peices of Art. psss thro. this afternoon.  they have psss'd an order that their Money be taken same [p 79, book 2] as Green backs.hitherto our Money has been from 250 to 400 percent above theirs.  Coffee is now selling for $3,00 Sug 2,50 Tea 7,00 & 8,00.  Lemons and oranges 2,50 per doz.  about 5 O'clock the whole of the prisoners in the Court house started South.  Geo Fell & Maxfield, about 2 hours before they started, concluded to go.  I was sorry to part with Max, but I did not feel well enough to attempt it. besides Dr Meeker said he would rather I would stay . may they soon get home is my wish and prayer.  they are pushing thro all their troops in Squads Cos & Regts.  some of their Regts do not number over 150 or 175,

Friday June 26th 63  It commenced to rain during the night and continued with slight intermission all day.  tis a hard day for our Boys on their weary way to Richmond.  wagons loaded with amm. have been passing thro at intervals all day.  there is a report that Stuarts Cav have been driven back within a mile of here also that the Stanton and Richmond RR has been torn up in several places  I place no faith [p 80, book 2] in either rumor.  tis not now "heres your Balt Amer only 10 cts a copy" but "heres your Richmond Examiner, Whig & Dispatch 25 Cts a copy."  they are all 1/2 sheet printed on miserable whity brown paper and contain about 6 or 7 col of reading matters. the rest is Ordinances Adver etc etc.  got a parole this morning from the Com mandant giving me the liberty of the city.  quite a number of the hospt employees get the same.  they report thatthey have captur'd 7000 cattle and 3000 horses.  I do not doubt it in the least.they are bully hands at the bui sinefs.  3 deaths occur'd to day.  the milk man who brings milk to the hospt who sells it for 10 cts in our money charg'd one of the boys 50 cts in Confed. McAdams a smart intelligent young man who is in the hospt paid 100 Dols in Confed for a pair of Cav. Boots the usual price is 10 Dol

Saturday June 27th 63  Since the occupation of this place they have rais'd 3 Cos of mounted Inft.  the Conscript law goes in force on Monday.  when all between 18 and 40 except those exempted by law will be enroll'd/  that is one grand [p 81, book 2] secret of thier sucefs.  when a man is once con  script'd he makes a virture of necessity looks at the matter as philosophically as possible.  a fe weeks soon break him into harness and he ceases, in a measure, to feel the lofs of his indi  vidual liberty.  took 2 strolls thro town.the confinement in the hospt is impairing my health very materially.  I must go lout more.  chickens sold at the hospt for 75 ct a tough price if the chickens were tender.  in our walk Bob McNab met a citizen with whom he was acquinted. in the course of conversati  on he said he could get Whisky at 10nDols Confed a pint.  shades of Bacchus, thy votaries pay dear for their worship at thy shrine

Friday June 28th 63  A short while after I had gone to bed Dr. Bryant of our Regt came and req  uested me sit up with G Stephens of Co D of our Regt.  I told him did not feel well but I would do so.  he died about 2 in the morning  3 deaths occur'd yesterday,a post mortem exam was held.the ball was found lodg'd in his spine [p 82. book 2] it enter'd the right shoulder broke on of his ribs pass'd thro his lungs and lodgd in his spine.  Chap McCabe of our Regt. Harvey of the 110th(who by the way sent a negro woman home with his wife) they found it out) and Mrs. Meeks, wife of one of the nurses, are all in prison in Castle Thunder.  Oh, how much I sh  ould like to hear from home.  they employ my thoughts by night & day.  she has heard from me before this.  those that got thro would write and let the rest know

Monday June 29th 63  It has rain'd nearly all day things are very quiet.  rumors (how they reach here I cannot tell, perhaps some gifted individ  ual is blest with a fertile imigination) have come that McClelland is driving them back in Pa. no Richmond papers came in to day.all sorts of conjectures are afloat.  some conclude(all wish) that it is taken.  matches, which 3 weeks ago were selling for 5 cts, are now 75 cts.rather a rise in the market,

Tuesday June 30th 63  It rain'd till about 3 in the after noon when it clear'd off.  the Richmond papers [p 83. book 2] ofSaturday  came to hand to day.  it appears from them that the communications are cut off, several of the RR bridges brun'd etcetc. every man is cal'd up on to defend the City.  2 deaths occur'd to day

Wednesday July 1st 63  To day the weather has been fine.  Sun shin  ing nearly all day.  about 9 between 80 & 90 prisoners  started for Stunton.  there was quite a number of their own men for desertion.  talk'd with a Leiut who came from Harpers Ferry yesterday.  our troops have left Maryland heights  and all the forces and concentra  ted at South Mountain.  which they say defends Harpers Ferry I am not sufficiently acquainted with the topography of the country to understand it fully. horses & cattle keep passing thro.  2 6 hors Wagons were unloaded at the Com Store op. hospt they were the pro  ceeds of a descent on a Country Hardware Store.  the teams were harness teams.  in converstaion with a Union Lady, at whose house I call'd, she told me the miller charg'd 7,00 in Green backs 25,00 in Va and 30,00 Confed per brl for flour  Lieut Cobb, 116th Ohio, & J.W. Clark, priv 110th Ohio, left the hospt during the night and skedadaled towards Ohio.  I will never do that.  they have treated me well.I shall act honorably towards them.  the Doc inform'd the Provo. Cav were sent after them [p 84, book 2]

Thursday July 2 63  To day the weathr has been warm.  in the afternoon took 4 men to the Conv Camp and buried a man in the Rebel burial ground.he died very suddenly.  Eggs to day sold for 100 a doz Butter 50 cts a pound cherries 25 cts a quart

Friday July 3, 63  Early this morning cannon were heard in the direction of Martinsburg.  3 batallions passd thro North by 10 in the morning and a long wagon train.  50 rumors are afloat.  I do not know what to believe.  they feel a little uneasy about Richmond/  sent about 25 men to the Conv Camp. another death occurd there during the night.  4 deaths in the hospt yesterday

Saturday July 4th 63  Day dear to the heart of every American.  concecrated to freedom.  the sky has been like(our) pospects, gloomy and lowering, with rain at intervals with an occa sional gleam of sunshine.  patence, the bright Sun of unclouded sucefs will shine ere long hope on hope ever.  Net(?) Desperandum is my motto.  4 deaths occur'd during the night.  Milroy hs been relieved from command and is to be Court Marical'd for not evacuating [p 85. book 2] this place as he was order'd 5 days before we were attack'd.  dam his old soul, I hope they will shoot him.  had it not been for him we would not have been prisoners of war to day.  Chaplin Harvey of the 110th Ohio has been committed to prison for 10 Years for sending the slave woman home with his wife.  rather a dear nigger, I judge.

Sunday July 5th 63  Weather fine, sun shinging all day.  during the night 5 of the nurses skidaddled.  one of them took my pass.  I hope they will be brot back.  there has been a severe battle at Gettysburg.  can learn no particulars.  every wagon and ambulance they can scrape has been sent to the front.  took the names of the nurses are establish'd roll call as formerly 6 A.M. 6P.M.

Monday July 6th 63  Took the names of those in the hospt who were fit to go to Richmond.  23 and 37 from the Conv. Camp.  their wounded havebeen coming in all day it has been a desperate affair.  50 rumors are afloat.  from what I can gather tis draw game . the report is Dan Sickles is kill'd also Ewell of the Confed.  the men in town do not seem jubilant which they would had they gain'd a decisive victory  in fact nothing definite can be gather'd.  Elliotsaid he heard [pa 86, book 2] 2] a dispatch (per Courier) read at the Post Office from Gen Lee stating  our lofs at 30,000 kill'd wounded and prisoners.  cannot learn anything reliable in regard to McClelland or Hooker.  Gen Mead of Pa is in command of part of the force.  on the hunt for butter this morning where meat & butter is sold. I saw a lady pay 10 Dol for 20 lbs of mutton.  dear mutton, I should judge

Tuesday July 7th 63  Rain'd at intervals all day.  the men have not been sent to Richmond.  no papers for 2 days.  the communication must be cut between Staunton & Richmond.  their wounded have been coming in all day. amongst them quite a number of Officers. poor fellows, I pity them.  they are in a sad plight scores of them without, shoes or stockings.  the York hospt is full. they have taken a large church mearly opposite.all who can bear to be moved are sent to Staunton.  tis only those who are slightly wounded and able to walk,  that have got this far.  they wald'd all the way from Gettysburg the majority of them.  the report is that Lee is so hemm'd in that he cannot excape but there is so many rumors.  you know not what to believe [p 87. book 2] Wednesday July 8th 63 Rain'd during the early part of the day. the wounded & and stragglers have been coming in all day.  Officers have been gathering up the scragglers and sending them to the front.  every available man is push'd forward they acknowledge thatmatters look dark for them but they will make a desperate effort.  would that such courage were devoted to a better cause.  what might not we as a United people achieve.  At last Vicksburg is ours but at what an awful sacrifice.  i learn this from 2 Citizens(reliable). both armies suffer'd awfully at Gettysburg.  it has been the most hotly contested of any during the war.

Thursday July 9th 63 Weather beautiful all day.  the wounded still continue to arrive.  papers arrived to day.  there was nothing definite.  Oh how I wish I could hear from home.  they are never absent from my mind.

Friday July 10 63  Bob McNab & Mulligan  took French leave during the the afternoon he ask'd me playfully if I had any word to send home, but I did not think he was going to give us the slip.  I hope he may soon get home, but I would not do anything of the kind [p 88, book 2] drew up a list of the wounded ofthe battle on the 14,15&16 June for to report to Gen Schenck.  No 216 but a good many have been brought in since (s)till have to collect the rest of the names tomorrow.  to days papers state our lofs at 60,000 kill'd and wounded 40,000 (Prisoners) whistling to keep their cou  rage up.

Saturday July 11th 63 Finish'd the list with the exception of a few names.  took a lost of those in the Hospt who were able to go to Richmond.  No. 30.  the 40,000 have dwindled down to 4,000.  the paers are gloomy.  Vicksburg is a sad blow.  a good many of the Stores were moved our of town.  they smell a large mice.  Market St. is crowded with Wagons and ambulances.  there must be between 3 & 4,000 wound'd in town and ship'd thro to Staunton

Sunday July 12th 63  Weather warm all day.  about 12 O'clock Our Boys takem prisoners in Pa & Md be  gan to pass thro town.  first came 3 12lb Brass Cannon then follow'd the Boys. they belong'd to al  most every part of the North, Wis. Mich. Ohio. Md. Pa. N.Y. Conn. they were in the best [p 89, book 2] of spirits and said Lee would never get back, that Washington was chuck full of Reb prison  ers. not withstanding their hardships they lookd toler  ably clean  superior to those guarding them.  they nember'd about 4,000 amongst them were abot a Co. of Zoo Zoos the first I ever saw. in the centr was borne a Rebel flag,  the first that I have seen near enough to know it was one.  The Star Spangled banner long may it wave.  thats my Ticket.  Brig. Gen Graham commanding 1 Brig 1 Div 3 Army Corp is in the hospt.  he is wound  ed thro the shoulder & back he had 2 horses shot under him.  he is going thro to Richmond in a private carriage if he can get one.  the Boys were march'd out to a Camp outside of town.  the whole number from hospt is 35.  they have been treated very harshly.  they were 3 days crofsing the river, only 21 being able to get over at a time.  they had no bread for 2 days. coming thro Martingburg they swore they would disarm the guard and get it. they stop'd at Bunkers Hill and sent back to Martinsburg and got what bread they could.  at night the 3 pei  ces are planted round their encampment charg'd and [p 90, book 2] ready for service fearful lest the overpower the guards.  there were comparatively few guards with them.

Monday July 13th 63  To day has been one of excitement bustle and rumors.  during the night a Brigade og our Cav were discover'd hovering round.  their pickets drove in Scouts reporting all night. what troops were here got orders to march at a moments notice  The Pay Master was here but was afraid of being captur'd and skeddadled.  Wagons were coming and going all day.  a host of broken down horses pass'd thro.  Cav & Inft in squads passing along in both directions all day.  it rain'd heavily nearly all day.  the poor prisoners will suffer much.  they are afraid  our Cav. will recapture the prisoners before they get to Staunton.  they did intend putting them all in the Fort.  this morning, but concluded to risk going on.  no one has been allow'd to leave the hospt, not even to go for rations in consequence twas 6 O'clock before the Sick got anything to eat.  all were anxious and on the alert expecting something to turn up.  Saw Gen. Imboden.  he is in Com of the troops taking thro the prisoners. he is a tall, fine looking man but hard [p91, book 2] featured and determined looking.

Tuesday July 14th 63 Weather fine.  3 Reb Officers came to the hospt.  they had become acquainted with some of our Officers.  the Major of the 4 N.Y. Cav. & Adj of the 13 Pa Cav and some others.  they(we) adjourn'd to the Adj. room when they produced a bottle of the ardent.  it led to the introduction of several more.  they paid 5 Dol a pint for it.  we enjoy'd ourselves hugely sin  ging & recitations being the order of the day.  1the party did not break up till 10 O'clock at night . Dr Meeker had a severe attack of Cholera Morbus during last night. sent Joes Gill to nurse him.  towards evening he came very near pegging out with severe cramps.

Wednesday July 15th 63 Weather mild and plea  sant.  Dr Meeker much better this morning.orders issued that no one be allowed to leave the hospt.  what they are afraid of I cannot imagine.  with the fall of Vicksburg, the attack on Charleston & Lees falling back they are in no amiable humor.  tis but natural.  we would feel the same ourselves.  could I but hear from home I would feel satisfied ina measure. [p 92, book 2] Brisbine Stew of the 123 was in Co with the renouwnd Stuart of Cav. fame.  he is staying at the house of Mr. Miller at whose house Brisbine is on visiting terms.  he says he is small with nothing particularly striking in his appearance that would indicate the daring dash & Vim for which he is so celebrated.  a portion of their troops are at Bunker Hill. their Army has cross'd the River.  I learn from a good scourse that they lost 10,000 in crossing and heavily in Cannons & Wagons.  no one is allowd to le  ave the hospt but those who go  for rations and then they are guarded. orders have been issued to sell nothing to anyone in the hospt or hold communication  in any shape.  they issue no Coffee, Tea or Sug. we made our sup  per (2 Meals a day for the last 3 weeks) of dat bread & Water.  rather hard on the Sick and wounded

Thursday July 16th 63 Weather fine , there is no doubt but they are falling back as quickly as they can.  Wagons, Cattle etc etc are pss  sing thro all day.5 or 6 Rebel Surg pass'd thro the hospt.  Iaccompanied them.  their object  in paying us a visit I did not learn.  they were  a gen  tlemenly set of Officers and seem'd to take much intrest in several cases.  I call'd their attention to.  [p 93, book 2]

Friday July 17th 63  During the night Dr. Stedman of the 87 Pa and 10 wounded arrived from Bunker Hill. where he has been since the battle of the 13 June.  he says he does not think they will make a stand as they are not throwing up any earthworks.  he thinks their force does not number more than between 40  950,000 from all accounts they have suffer'd awfully.  the boys speak favourable of their treatment whilst in their hands.  an ambulance arrived in town un  der a Cav escort it must have been an Officer high in rank.  saw Tom Douglas acrofs the street he did not look in such good spirits as he did when he went thro.

Saturday July 18th 63  Today weather warm and pleasant. they are putting the screws on rather tight.  no one are now allowd to go on the porch or look into the St.  alled'd reason that one of our men spat upon one of their men as he was passing bye, a mere pretext. the man who went and inform'd the Provo. is the same man whom one of our Cav. gave a good drubbing in the alley of the hospt 2 evening ago.  he is an Irishman who has taken every opportunity of picking a quarrel.  this is his revenge.  2 more wounded came in from Bunker Hill.  there is reports of a Cav. ---(?) [p 94, book 2] at Charlestown in which our Men took some Wagons.  Charleston S.C. accoring to the (Mercury) is bound to fall if our forces are not driven from their position.  may it soon fall.  it has, is and ever will be the focus of disaffection and rebellion.  one of our men who got out of the hospt tells me the citizens and soldiers generally are very dispondant . not so the papers, they are defiant as ever.  2 batches of prisoners have been brot in and lodg'd in the Court House, part of them the 116th Ohio.  they were captur'd at Charlestown and near Harpers Ferry

Sunday July19th 63 Weather very warm all day.  10(?) Pontoon Bridges pass'd South this afternoon.  Elliot says in converstion with a Citizen he learn'd that Jeff Davis pass'd thro here last night and is now at Lees head.G/  he said several citi  zens saw him.  we are still in the dark as to the movements of our troops.  Lee has received or ders to send all his sick and wound d with all speed to Staunton.  something is on the taps.  100 pontoons bridges were stopt at Middletown 12 Miles from here.  they were coming North but they did not want them.  they found that out [p 94, book 2] 95, book 2]

Monday July 20th 63  Weather very warm.  Dr. Dean, Stage Properitor, who was taken to Richmond returned last evening.  they failing to find any thing against him.  he says  Cab are selling for 5 Dols each, Chickens 45 Dols a doz, and every thing in proportion.  Money is plenty.  the City full of gamblers.  2 Boats per week leave City Point per(or for) Tarsus(?) Monroe.  I learn from a Citizen that Lees Army moved this morning at 4 O'clock by the way of Snickers & Ashbys Gap.  from the last account our forces held both positions, are reinforcements were busy push'd in that direction.  there will be ano  ther awful battle before long. the most serious news came from N York.  the populace have risen up against the enforcements of the draft.  property has been destroy'd and excefses of every character com  mitted and several lives lost.  the most lamentable part of the affairs is the President has not backbone enought to enforce the law.  he having telegraph'd to Gov Seymour suspending the law.  such cacil  lation as this has done untold injury on former occasions.  tis an evidence of weaknefs when a [p 96, book 2] government, thro fear of popular clamor, ceases to enforce the law.  he ought to make an  example of the ringleaders. bold,decided action is what is wanting now to falter is to fail.  its moral effect in the South will be worth 50,000 men in the ranks.

Tuesday July 21st 63 Weather very warm.  Lees army commenced their retrat thro here at about 2 O'clock and continued with slight intermis  sion till long after dark.  84 peices of Cannon about 50 peices were sent towards Snickers Gap with Longstreet as a fient,whilst our men were expecting to crofs there.  Lee adroitly marches his forces thro here.  he has outgeneral'd them again.  they saved nearly all their artillery.  the men appear'd in good spirits but, Oh, Moses, they were a they were a hard looking crowd.  they did not appear as if they had improved their appearance .  very few had on any new clothes.  Several brafs bands accompanied them they play'd well and with much spirit as though they were returning from a great victory crown'd with lau  rels/  Gen Lee & Anderson pass'd thro.I did [p 97, book 2] not see them  Some of the Regts were very number'd but 42 men.  Brigades had dwindled down to a few Cos. a great namy Regts had not a field Officer left.  all who were able to walk were sent over to the Court House en route for Richmond.they are going to take all they can.

Wednes day July 22d 63 Weather warm. expected to start at 8 this morning but learn we will not get off till the Ambul return from Staunton.  a Lieut who was captured 8 miles this side of Harpters Ferry told me that we had no forces this side of the Shenanadoah.  he could tell me nothing about Meade.  McClennan has no command at all.  Longstreets Corp pass'd thro. I saw a Catholic Priest on horse back riding with some officer.  I think he is the first Priest I have seen in the Service.  the war is not over yet by a hell of a long way.  I had no idea that so many of them would suceed in returning. but ther they are, able and ready for another try.  a want of prom  ptitude and decision on the part of our Genls has been our bane.tis so in this instance. Oh, for a Napoleon if but for a Month.  would that our troops had the same confid  ence in their Genls as the Rebs have.  this one half the battle [p 98, book 2]

Thursday July 23d 63  At last we are to leave. Doc Meeker said he would see that I staid if I wish to but all of our Boys were going and I concluded twas best to go.  Ewells Corp pass'd thro this morning about 7 O'clock.  the 51st Va has but 20 men left.  Drs. Holbrook, 18 Con, Bryant 123 O V I, & Williams 123 O V I stay in charge of the wounded . after waiting anxiously for 4 or 5 hours we found that it was not likely we would get off to day.  the Boys all fix'd up in the best of spirits. I am anxious to get over the lines so that I can hear from home.  to day the last of the rear gu  ard of the grand Army of the Potomac has pass'd thro.

Friday July 24th 63  To day, early, a Rebel officer ca  me to the hospt and requested a copy of a par  ole I gave him one.  he told me that as soon as he possibly could he would return and give each man a seperate parole.  I awaited his return anxious but he came not.  what was left of them left the City quietly so much so that they were gone a long while before we knew it.  all the arms that were left in  store [p 99, book 2] here were brot out into the Street and broken and bent and render'd uselefs.  there was nearly 500 of them.  took a walk out of town.  met a Cav  alryman who said our forces were within a few miles.  to day has been a day of excitement and rumors.  Mc Adams & I went out in the evening with 2 Rebel officers belonging to Gillmores Baltimore Cav.spent a pleasant evening did not go to bed till 12 O'clock. waited to see Ell  iot off(of our Regt) he being about to run the blockade.  there is still a few Cav knocking round

Saturday July 25th 63  When I awoke this morning I found myself in pretty much the same situation of our first parents in the garden of Eden.  during the night some one had come into the room and stole all my clothes an left me in my shirt tail.  Grove of the 87 Pa lost a watch, Tom Clary his havers  ack which was full of useful things. here was a fix.  I went amongst the boys and got an old pair of pants and a blouse.  by-this mishap I lost everything except what was in my knapsack.  I had several [p 100, book 2] papers of importance in relation to the hospt in the pockets of my blouse knives, combs, pocket book, pencils, spectacles everything gone.  a clean sweep.  twas fortunate for me that they did not take my overcoat and knapsack.  I have the devils luck.& my own. it rain'd harder to day than I ever saw it.  skiffs could have been floated down the St.  McAdam & I went up to Mr. Willis's and had supper.  it rain'd to he  avy so we did not go back to the hospt.

Sunday July 26th 63+ Took charge of the dispensing.  about 1 O'clock Tom McAdam came to the hospt and told me he had hired a carriage to to to Mar  tinsburg he offer'd me a seat. went to consult Dr. Bryan(of our Regt) he said if I wish'd to go he would give me a pass stating that I was paroled and requesting any of our troops I might meet to pass me thro the lines.  I would not have left under any other circumstances but being coop'd up so long has become irksome.  when we went for the carriage the party refused to go although we had a pass for his safe [p 101, book 2] (?) such being the case we concluded to set our on foot. about 6 miles on the road we met 3 Cav the question now was, Reb or Fed.  they were the advance guard of Averills Cav composed of a Co from each Regt under his Command. spoke to the Major in command told him how matters stood there. they expected to find a force in Winchester.  they were agreeably disappointed.  about 6 got to Bunkers Hill. Drew was acquinted with Mr Boyd who invited us in had a good supper and good bed.  they treated us very kindly.  though their sym  pathies are with the South.  weather very warm

Monday July 27th 63  Rose about 5 after enjoying a good nights rest.  got breakfast and started to hunt up Drew who staid in the house of a friend(he used to be on the Provo Guard here and knows every one here)  he had made arrangements to get a Wagon.  2 of the Boys who left the hospt last night pass'd thro about 7 o'clock they say that Winchester was alive with ladies.  when our troops enter'd they took some Coffee, Sugar and other necessaries for the [p 102, book 2] hospt.  they were much needed.  about 10 the Wagon was got ready and off we started with the best wishes of our firends.  it commen  ced to rain  heavily and continued to rain until we got to Martinsburg.  we were all wet thro.  as we were going down town who should I see, but Elliot & Doman.  I learn'd from him( a matter I was ignorant of before) he brought thro a dispatch to Gen Kelly to send provi  sions to the hospt.  (hence the Stores)  Doman got a horse and rode out to Hedgesville where he found him.  Kelly started out the troops the next morning.  the troops we met were those sent.  the 13 Va Mounted Inft(3 Cos) are the only troops here as yet. there is no Provo Guard.  went to the same house as Elliot & were staying at had a good dinner.  if we can get a Wagon we will go on our way to night.  Drew paid for the Wagon and all other expenses.  started & got to Williamsport at dark.  were row'd over in a skiff.  here we found the Pa Militia at the Pro Marshalls Office found several of the Boys of the 122d O & V I Tom McAdam paid for my supper and [p 103, book 2] bed.  Drew&Elliot started out before us and we mis  sed them.  McAdam met with some friends and I got parted from him.during the early part of the day I had to leave my knapsack.  I gave the blanket to a Militia Officer, drawers and stockings to others to carry for me, amongst the rest a good razor.when they scatter'd they took everything with them  I took the road to Clear Springs having been misdirected to Fairview over North Mountain where(Fairview) the most spendid view burst upon my vision.  twas ever my fortune to see was striking for Hancock when about 2 Miles from the Potomac I learn'd that several parole prisoner were at Chimy [Cherry?] Run. I turnd off and glad I was I did so as I found 2 of my room mates from the hospt.  Coates took me to a farm house and paid for supper and I never was so tired and fag'd out in my life.  the weather since we started has been schorcing hot and for the last 2 days I have been very sick.  McAdam took my laced boots with him besides my canteen and 2 pair of clean socks.  my feet are getting sore [p 104, book 2]

Thursday July 30th 63 Started for Hancock about 8.  took the tow path.  twas awful hot work and good water was scarce.  got to Hancock about 12.  went to the tavern and got dinner.  a heavy rain storm occur'd which lasted about an hour.  we shall leave soon as a boat gets here to take us to Cumberland.  in the mean time the Provo order'd us to the Guard house where there was about 20 of the lowest, roughest fellows confined for crimes and offences, it has been my misfortune to meet with for a long time.  drew 2 days rations and got and order on the Provo at Cumberland

Friday July 31st 63  About 11 1/2 we were woke up by the guard the boat having come got started about12. ther was about 15 Rebel rpisoners sent along with us.  they were kept seperated from us.  laid down on deck with my coat over me and slept till 5 O'clock felt a little stiff.  the weather has been schrching hot.  we are all on deck there being neither hatches or aso----(?) tis enought to scorch the devil.there is 12 men from KellYs Div to sick to be on deck  they are in the hold [p 105, book 2] lying on a little hay.  they are nearly all Typ Cases. poor fellows, they suffer much.  if it were not that there is a little air stirring the heat would be unsupportable.  the scenery all along the route is of the grand and rugged cast/  almost every turn of the canal brings to view fresh beauties.  we pass'd thro a tunnel 7/8 of a Miles long.  the face of the cutting was 150 feet high. there are a great number of locks.  the canal has been cut in several places between Hancock & Cumberland, locks destroy'd and canal boats burn'd all along the route, but all is now in good order.  pass'd the second night on the boat got to Cumberland about 2 the morning.

Saturday Aug 1st 63  staid on the boat till day light.  when we march'd up to the R A(? dept. went to the American and had breakfast.  wash'd and fixd up a little .  got transportaion from the Provo.started at 6.  got into Wheeling about 4.on the way had the good fortune to meet Mr. Hornbrook of Wheeling who, bye the way, is one of the best hearted men in America and truly devoted to the Union Cause.  he [p 106, book 2] had been to Clarysville, Cumberland etc etc to look after the comfort of the Va soilders.  on our arrival at Wheeling he did everything in his power for us.  we each had a clean shirt and drawers of which we stook much in need.  he got us transportation to Colum  bus.  the Citizens of Wheeling held a festival in honor and for the benefit of the Soldiers Aid Society of Battery D 1st Va.  they belon  ged to our Brig.  he procured us free tickets and badges entitling us to all the privi  leges of Committee men.  twas a splendid affair.  everything pass'd  of well.  a bugle was presented . the usual amount of speech making was indulg'd in.  toast miss---(?) and sentiment were the order.  all enjoy'd themselves.  I metwith a good many of the Bat with whom I was acquainted.  amon  gst them Sar--(?) Dr. Meekers clerk.  they go to camp parole Anopolis on Monday to be exchang'd and reorganized.  got to our quarters a little after 12.  several of us considerably elevated [p 107, book 2]

Sunday Aug 2 63  Made our a list of what the sick at Winchester stood most inneed of forMr. Hornbrook. went out with the Boys,did not get back till late.  I left the list at the quarters for him.  a little after dusk sta  rted for Bridgeport.  went into the Depot and laid down till the train came.  it started for Zanesville a little after 4.  got there at 8.  took the Boys to Yankee Wallaces to get breakfast shook hands with a good many friends,took a smile or two and started home

Monday Aug.3 63  Got home about 9 O'clock.they did not expect me.  Kisf'd the wife and babies and felt happy.  went out in the afternoon met with a host of friends, in the evening met Jack Holcher  he was on thespree. got home about 10

Tuesday Aug4 63  Went down town with Mag met Major Granger.  he made enqui  ries how many of our Regt was in the hospt.  I told him I had a list and would lend it to him [p 108, book 2]

From the 3rd to the 16th Aug 63 In this interval I have been knocking round, generally there are a good many of our Regt round the diggins.  Geo Fell did not get home till a few after me  Bob McNab a day or two before.  Maxfield is at home, Mike Keeley & Jim O'Hara in parole camp.  on Wednesday night the 12th  He. Marshall and Maxwell arrived. on the same train was Hammond the Steward and Peters the cook.  they left but 6 behind in the hospt.  they were left in the care of a private physician . Mr(?) Millers part of our Regt is in Martinsburg, others at Warrenton.  in fact, they arescat  ter'd  all over creation.  almost every train  brings some  the weather has been very hot for the last 2 weeks.  Hen Stephans got home.he left parole camp.  the will all leave the first chance.  tis a dam' shame to keep a man confined to Camp who has a home and wishes to go.  I will not go unlefs com  pell'd  Jim Lindsey was taken back in irons.  he had deserted or nearly as bad [p 109, book 2] in the eye of the military.  those that went by the way of Richmond had a tough time of it.  each one has his own tale of suf fering to tell.  Jack Numire is here.he retu  rns of Monday next.

Sunday Aug 16th 63  Went to church with Mag.  Geo Fell took dinner with us.went out with him met Kimball went up to his house with him.  in the evening met Sam Barwel him and Kimball came there to  gether.

Monday Aug. 17th 63  Went down St met with several of the boys.  had a good time generally.  Lieut Numire started with 18 for the Regt on the night train.  amonst the rest Dick Dugan. tis a damd shame to take him back he will never be fit for duty

Tuesday Aug 18th  The Prov. brot Tom Clary down the the house.  some one on the Cars said he hurra'd for Jeff Davis.  he brot the Provo down to my house to prove his loyalty and to testify he was a parol'd prisoner, which I did.  I believe he was put up to [p 110, book 2] Columbus notwithstanding, concluded that I had drank my share of whisky and cried quits for a while

Wednesday Aug 19th 63  All members of the 122d were order'd to report to Serjt Maj Wheeler. we met about 10 about 18 of us.  he took our names and told us he would write our each one a permit to remain at home till order'd to report  or exchang'd met Maxfield who was going up to Columbus to report.  it saved him the trip.  him and me had a long chat.  we took dinner toge  ther.  saw him off on the train at 1/2 past he had a tough time of it getting home.  he invited me and Ed Hilliard to spend a few days with him.  Geo Fell has gone to work at Duvull's

Thursday Aug 20th 63 Weather very warm. did not go out till afternoon. wrote a notice of Hiram Sears death and took it down to the Courrier Office.  he died suddenly of disease ofthe heat at Martinsburg.  Mag & I went up to see her Sister Sarah. I sympathize with her [p 111, book 2] in her bereavement. he was a kind, good brother.

From Aug 20th to Sept 12 63 What incidents have been crowded in the few days.  several more of our Regt have arrived.  am ---got them  Mike Keeley & Jim O'Hara they have one and all had a tough time the ---- ----(?) incident was the death of my (old?) friend and companion Jack Fletcher. he was taken sick on Sunday Aug 20th and linger'd till Wdenesday evening.  he never spoke a word and was unconscious till the time of his death.  every thing was done for him that could be done. congestion of the brain and paralysis caused his death.  he had been drinking a little to freely for some time past.  I could tell from Dr. Bell's Rx that such was his opinion.  we buried him on Thurs  day. he had a very respectable fam?)ily funeral about 14(?) came [p 112, book 2] The Democrats had their Mafs Meeting on the 26 Aug.  Twas a pretty good turn out.  there was the usual amount of hard drinking and fights.  one of our Regt was shot thro the mouth by Frank Farmer(?) Turrier(?) he was arrested and tried before Squire Egan.  he was acquitted. thre was much feeling manifested during the Meeting. Kimball of our Co fired several shots. he was arrested a few days after, tried and acquitted , had he been punish'd for the same crime that Tarrier was acquitted, woe to the Butternuts on Sept 8. the Union Meeting came off and such a turn  out has not been seen since the good old days of 40.  the people turnd out bravely shewing their devotion to the Union.  There was a good deal one (?) ---- oying and rought andtumble, but considering the excited state of the ----- -----  ined not more than might have been expected.  we were to have reportd [p 113, book 2] to Columbus on the 7th, but got liberty to stay till 9th. when we all to the numbers of 41 we did not start by the morning train but started in the afternoon.  and such a set of drunken devils I never saw.  I was unfortunately in the same fix.  we got to Columbus and reported to the Provo. were kept there all night and next day till 3 O'colck when we started for Camp Chase where arrived about 5.  were assign'd quarters drew rations and commenced Soldiering again.  were pret near froze the first night.  the usual  routine has been gone thro of signing your name about 50 times.  drew Clothing.  on Friday night it rain'd heavily.  I find I am short of a good many things. coming away as I did.  I came away withoutshirts or Soap.  dam the luck. I drank-----much whilst at home.  found out where we could get a drop in Camp, 25 cts a pint.  taperd off towards Satur [p 114, book 2] day.  I wonder how Ellen is getting along.  she has been drinking ever since Jack died.  she was drunk when I left.  I am much afraid she will go to sticks hav  ing no one to look after her.  Hatton, one of our Regt. Co F, who died in Marinsburg was buried with the honors of war by all the members of our Regt. in town.  we turn'd out 28. none but soldier were at the funeral

Saturday Sept 12 63  Rose at 6.  to day wrote up my journal.  I shall never let it get behind again.  Jim O'Hara went out and found some mushrooms.  when I went out and gather'd about 2 Gal.  I set to work and made some stew'd.  soon as the boys tasted them they voted them bully.  they will be a standing dish.  I never saw so many in the space of ground in my life.  about 60 more came in this evening.  we had a splendid supper eggs, hame, fried mushrooms, coffee with milk etc etc.  9 of the boys of our squad skind out [p 115, book 2] during the day, Geo Fell amongst them. after dark the boys got a fiddle and banjo and had a stag dance till it goes.

Sunday Sept 13th 63  Rose about 1/2 past 6.  help'd to cook the breakfast. wrote to Mag and to D. Keeley.  Jim O'Hara, J.S. Mangold(?)  & I were appointed cooks and have the extra rations. in the evening went down to the hospt and got some Med for Hen Stephens who is threated'd with an attack of Delerium Trinens . he had an attack just before he came up here.  Mike Keeleys ankles are much swollen. I fear tis an attack of dropsy.  went down to drefs parade.  the 88th Ohio are on duty here.  they have a splendid brafs band.  3 more skin'd out this morning at 4 O'clock . there is no difficulty in getting away out of Camp as there are no guards within 3 Miles of Camp,  except over the rebels. the Camp covers a space of nearly a mile square.  there is much grumbling [p 116, book 2] amongst the men at being confined and not getting their pay.  if they do not pay this week their will be few left in camp

Monday Spet k4th 63  Rose about 5 after one of the most miserable nights I ever spent in Camp here or elsewhere.  twas cold and I could not rest on the boards.  Hen a little better.  induced Mike to go to the Docter.  he gave him 4 p---(?) sold our extra rations for $2,15.  9 more skin'd out to day.  and 3 came in.  there is but 14 of the original 41 that came up.  Hen worse thise evening, burn'd light all night.

Tuesday Sept 15th 63  Rose at 6.  to day weather warm.  went and got an order to admit Hen into the hospt.  4 of the 110th Boys tooks dinner with us.  they started for New York where the Regt is station'd. the first parole were paid to day. a great number got furloughs for 20 days.  the Omnibus Co on the strength of the [p 117, book 2] Boys getting their money raised the fare to Columbus to 25 cts. the Boys sturnd in and upset and demolish' 3 or 4 of them unhitch'd the horses and broke thing generally.  the Officers did not interfere.a great many left for home withour any leave soon as they got their money.  the fact is, the Officers can do nothing with them. the fare to Columbus now is 15 cts.  the Boys had a dance inthe next barracks.  John Mitchell of our Regt is a good Banjo player

Wednesday Sept 16th 63  Rose at 6 weather warm during the day the Boys were leaving Camp in squads,  some in Citizens clothes, others in uniform.  tis uselefs to attempt to hinder them. the 2n parole to which we belong are being paid to day.  Capt Moon has all along held out hopes to us that we should be muster'd in with them and paid, but that as the Boys say is playd out.  we will get no pay for 6 weeks.  I begin to feel uneasy about the family [p 118, book 2] but I think when I get home I can so arrange matters until we get paid

Thurdsay Sept17th 63 Weather very warm.  Capt Hawkins sent for us who had been parol'd in hospt. the intention I believe is to send us back to the Regt.  they no recognizing our parole.  should they do so it will be very unjust and unfair, in my case particularly, as the Rebels had left Winchester 2 days before I did.  Got a letter from Mag.  my forebodings have been realized.Griner refu  ses to let her have any more goods unlefs the bill is paid.  how in the name of fortune does he think I can pay him until the Government pays me.  he has been a good friend to me I shall not forget him.  I will pay him every cent soon as I get paid, but in the mean time how is my poor babies to get bread.heavens, how bad I feel.  I scarce [p119, book 2] know what I say or do.  Mike got no letter.tis strange.

Friday Sept 18th 63  To day the weather has been cold.  overcoats in demand.  the 8th got new arms, Springfield rifles.  in the afternoon we got orders to report to Capt Moon at 9 Oc to  morrow morning.  McMillan says to go to our Regt.  there is 4 of us here who were parol'd in the hospt.  I got a let  ter from home.  Griner has refused to let Mag have anything more (noticed yesterday but it preys upon my mind so much that I have rewritten)  I willsave what I can and go down home on Monday

Saturday Sept 19th 63 Reported at 9 and was order'd to the Regt all  4 of us.  all I could say or do made no difference.  go we must . dam such injustice.  pack'd up our traps and started for Columbus where we were put under guard as though we had been deserters.  I was the only one that was all ow'd to get off at Zanesville where I left a bundle of clothes at Ned Riley's [p 120, book 2] got to Bridgeport at 9.  march'd Miles over to Wheeling where we we put in the guardhouse and lock'd up amongst deserters, Rebel prisoner, and all the off scourings of creation.  they gave us a little cold fat bacon and bread no coffee being the first we had since morning.  we all laid down together in a large bunk amongst the bugs.

Sunday Sept 20th 63  Got up soon as it was light and what a sight.  Rebs, ragged, lousy, and dirty diserters from our own army not much better.  Officers from both armies and a few respectable looking citizens arrested for dis  loyalty from various parts of Va.  got a peice of bread and coffee.  I never felt more depr  ess'd in my life.  my feelings were outradged.this kindof treatment is not calculated to make pood soldiers.  we were  aprised by the Reb Med Dic and Dr. Meeker that our parole were valid.  we went home in good faith and reported promptly when order dand to be treated thus.  started for Cum  berland at 1/2 past 10.  arrived there at 9 [p 121, book 2] reported to the Provo. staid at the Soldiers rest.  the deserters we confined in the guard house.  had a good warm meal and went to bed

Monday Sept 21st 63  Rose at 5.  got breakfast went up town.  got transportation to Martinsburg.  Cumberland is a much larger place than I thought.  there is 2 very fine Catholic churches and a fine Semenary. got to Martinsburg by 1.  reported again and went to hunt the Regt.  found it a mile from town on the roughest piece of ground I ever saw.  Co I is at North Mountain 9 Miles from here. I saw some of the boys as I pass'd thro.  Cos A. G. & D. are consolidated and number about100.  Capt Sells is in command.of all the wretch  ed looking Camps I ever saw, this beats them. they have shelter tents.  how they got that name I cannot imagine.  they are no shelter at all.  some are boarded in front, others open, all have a scaly look.  went down to the hospt saw Tucker and the Doc Bryant [p 122, book 2] in the afternoon.  ther were several horse races and quite a lovely time.  went down to the hospt and got an extra blanket.  Maxwell & I slept with Monroe, Co A. did think of being sent to the Army of the Potomac where Col Ball is, but the boys give it such a hell of a name that I have concluded to go to the North Mountain. any place is better than this.  whether I will do duty or not I have not made up my mind.  I will see the Doc in the morning.  the thoughts of Mag and the children never leaves my mind.  how often I have curse my luck if I could but get my pay I would feel easy in my mind, but the thought that they may want bread almost drives me crazy.  what a lefson this ought to be to me. it shall not be lost

Tuesday Spt 22d 63  Got up about 6.  roll call is at 5.  knock'd round the Camp went down to the hospt saw the Doc concluded to go out toCamp.  got a towel, Soap, Sponge and  some Tea from Hen Tucker [p 123, book 2] Serjt McMillan and Corp Stull came up to Camp got an extra blanket from the hospt.  went up on the frieght got to Camp just after dark.  McMillan and the whole of them say that I should not do any duty I dont intend unlefs com  pell'd.  Charley Church, Ed Hil-iard, Jack Griffin & Plympton from Zville are here.  the Boys were all gald to see me

Wednesday Sept 23d 63  Rose at 6.  selpt comfortable with Stull.  Carter, his bed fellow, is sick in hospt in Martinsburg.  took a stroll thro Camp.  tis much niced than the other.the huts are tighter and warmer, several having stoves.the one I am in has one. there is a Co of the 116th OVI on the other side of the R.R.  reported to Lieut. Glein who is in command.  went to see Wiles who is sick with fever.  he is in a house. wrote to Mag, enclosed a note to Griner.  the 87 Pa, 116 Ohio, 12 Va 1 N Y Cav, 12 Pa Cav and part of the 122 are all the troops stationd in Martinsburg all is anxiety to learn [p 124, book 2] something certain about old Rosy(Rory?).  twould be a serious blow if he is defeated.  I hope Burnside will get up soon enough.  Capt Sells is to be removed for disloyalty. he is a rank Val man. Lieut Randall of Co K's resignation was accepted. discharg'd from the service honourably.  he drew a revolver and threaten'd to shoot Capt Sells, who gave him the choice of resigning or standing a Court Martial.  he chose the former.  he is a Shoemaker and lived in Putnam.  he can now follow his bent,  shuffling cards. about 7 O'clock orders came to pack up and join the Army of the Potomac.  the Boys, as a general thing, hate it like the devil.  1they left about 10o'clock  a wag  on carrying the traps.  10 or 13 of us staid over night.  I pack'd up the Sutters goods.  did not get to bed til about 12 tired and weary.

Thursday Sept 24th 63 Pack'd up and started for Martinsburg walk'd about 6 miles got there about 12 O'clock.  took 5 of the [p 125, book 2] men down to the hospt.  got quarters in Grantham Hall, a dirty hole enou  gh.  C. Church, Ed Hillyer & I got our suppers at a tavern.  he gave us our bed for nothing.  met Dr. Williams of the 123 and several other officers. I knew

Friday Sept 25th 63  Rose at 6.did not get any breakfast not having enou  gh money nearly all are in the same fix.  made out a requisition for 10 men for 2 days.  took the rations to a private house where they will be cook'd for the surplus.  Adj Cushing has gone home.Capt Henderson takes us under his care.  Steele furnish'd him with the pay roll.  he will try and get us our pay before we start.  we do not know when we will start.  the Steward of the 12th Pa Cav has invited me  to stay with him. long as I stay I shall do so.  this beats all the places for shoulder straps I ever saw.  they are the curse of the army.  wrote to Mag [p 126, book 2]

Saturday Sept 26th 63  To day drew rations for 4 days for 17 men. 3 of the 87th Pa came to board at the same house.  the pay Master arrived this afternoon.  Dr. Richards of our Regt arrived last night. Capt sells and henderson are doing all they can to get our pay.  saw Sells during the evening.  tis no go.  we cannot get it till we get up to the Regt which will be at Culpepper before we reach them. the 11 & 12th Army Corps have been passing thro all day.  every preperation was made for them.Coffee, boild meat & bread.  they staid long enough to let them eat. as usual there was some in town who took advantage and charg'd a high price for what they had to sell  I never saw the moon rise so beau  tiful in my life. twas indeed a bur  nish'd shield of silver. businiefs is  very brisk in town.  some of the troops will be paid to morrow [p 127, book 2] the 11th & 12th Army Corps go to reinforce  old Rosy

Sunday Sept. 27th 63  To day the 9th Army Corp is going thro.  Maj Gen Howard pass'd thro this morning.he commands the 11th Corp.  all citizens coming into town for the last few days have been detain'd. the intention being to keep the Rebels ignorant of our movements.  I question if it will do any good.  Cavalry scou  ting parties go out every day.

Monday Sept 28th  Troops have been passing thro all night.  just after breakfast I met Capt. sells who tole me that we would be paid tomorrow.  we were to have startd at 12 to day. as I write they are paing off the 123 Ohio.  the 1th Conn came in late last night. they march'd from Hagerstown 26 with knapsacks. met Ripley the Stewrad, we were together at Winchester.  he was one of the last that left there got a smooth head board and put it at the head of H. Sears grave.  the grave is nicely fixed. an ever [p 128, book 2] green is planted in the centre.  4 Rebel Offi  cers are buried close besides him.  several boquets of fresh flowers were strewn on their graves.  one is Brig Genl Simmes, a brother of the pirate Simmes, I suppose.  went thro the grounds of Sen Faulkner for  merly minister to France under Old Buck.  it has much the appearance of an English gentlemans country seat, but that the trees lack age.  saw his duaghter a handsome young girl.  report says Col Smith of the 126 Ohio is to marry her. when I returnd to my quarters I found my towel, Soap & Spo  nge gone.  the boys moved down stairs on account of their cleaning the room they occupid. my Journal was in the same drawer that I got.  dam their wigs.  I will try and find themfat(?)

Tuedsay Sept 29th 63  To day we were in hopes we would have got paid, but alas our hopes were blasted.  put not your trust in P.M's they are slippery ells and not to be depended upon.  a vast amount of Artillery [p 129, book 2] are passing thro.  tis rumor'd the 3 Corps is come thro here.  we are in it.  I suppose we will start to morrow.  I am tired of lying round here.  several of the boys have got grey backs lying in Grantham Hall.  twas a rebel hospt.I -have slept at a private house all but 1 night.  started from Martinsburg at 12 O'c and got to the Relay House at 6 where we had to lay over till 8.  here we chang'd car for Washington.  pass'd thro Harpers Ferry Knoxville, Point of Rocks and other pl  aces of intrest.  the scenery along the route is grand majestic particularly round Harpers Ferry.  London, Bolivar, and Maryland heights rear their lofty heads.  saw the 1st Pontoon bridge con  necting to Md at H. Ferry. tis a desolate looking place everything in ruins saw the Engine house in which John Brown fortified himself a short distance from the Relay House the finest peice of mason work I have seen in America.  tis a viaduct over Patapace [p 130, book 2] creek.  tis near 100 feet from the bed of the river to the top of the viaduct.  on our arrival in Washington we were quarter'd in the Soldiers retreat.  had our supper and spread our bl  ankets on the floor.  the eating hall is 250 by 35 feet with 6 rows of tables.  the whole length  the grub Coffee Brd & Sow belly tis rather hard fare.  the sleeping is done in barracks of which there is 5 at the depot conscripts by the 100s arrive on every train.

Wednesday Sept 30th 63 After breakfast we all set out on a tour. to see the sights we first visited the Capitol.  the Senate chamber is a noble hall richly embellish'd with blue and gold  light is admitted thro staind glafs with the Arms of each State a portrait of Washington and Layfaette flank the spea  kers chair.  a gallery surrounds the room the hall of representatives is very fine but much plainer the marble pillars at the entrance are very fine.  the pictures in the rotunda(which by the way when it is finish'd will be a magnificant affair) [p 131, book 2] is worth a weeks travel to see.  a full length portarit of Gen Jackson one of Gen Scott the panel pictures are 8 in number viz Surren  der of Cornwallis.  Washington resigning his commission.  Embarkation of the Pilgrims Landing of Columbus.  Discovery of the Missiippi.  Baptism of Pochaontas. Surrenger of Burgoyne Decleration of Independence.  all by the best artists. they are the finest paintings I ever saw.  a statue of Washington presented by the State of Va. one of Kososkio the Pole.  one of Hancock and several other portraits and busts whose names I know not.  the colosal statue at the entrance an Indian about to tomahawk a woman when his arm is ar  restd by a hunter the mother with a little babe crouches in fear at his feet is life like and striking.  Columbus with the globe in his hand.  an Indian womanin an attatude of supplicationfear hope entr  eaty are all depicted in her face. saw seve  ral of the Statues on the ground that are to be raised upon one of the front wings onea [p 132, book 2] father teaching his little son to read was the most life like thing I ever saw.  there was several others equallt as good but it struck my fancy most.  the front view is very fine even in its unfinish'd state in fact the whole of Wash  ington City is in an unfinish'd state.  I was much disappointed in the private residences there are a great many tumble down  frame houses all over the city.  visited the patent office tis a splendid building here are preser  ved the whole of Washingtons Camp equipage  Tent poles Camp kettles and cooking utenseals  the chine presented by Layfaette his Bearored(?) and a host of other things.  the Coat that Gen Jackson wore at the battle of N Orleans.  the printing prefs on which Franklin work'd while in London and the crowning glory of all the original declaration of Independence the signatures are very indistinct but what of that.  should every trace of writing fade away twill still be as dear to the heart of every lover of freedom as though written  with a pen of Iron.  the presents from the Tycoon of Japan [p 133, book 2] to Buchanan are very fine they consist of saddles and bridles Swords China andlacquer'd ware. silk dressing gowns lined with down but tis uselefs to attempt to enume  rate all I saw.  went to the Smithsonian Ins  titute.  tis built in the Tudor Gothic style of Brown Stone.  view'd from any side it presents a nice ap  pearance this surrounded by entensive grounds but at present they are in poor condition each one is labled with the latin and  english name.  2 eqyptian mummies 3 Peruvian mummies a statue of the dying gladia  tor.  the Stanley gallery containing portraits in oil of all the prinipal Indian Cheifs a geological cabinet a large room devoted to philosophical instruments.  a large lecture room weapons of war from every corner of the globe models of vessels from the rude dug out to the cliper. twould take a week to do justice to it.  the founder was an English  man. visited the navy yard went thro all [p 134, book 2] the shops.  all employ'd in the iron & brafs line are employ'd on Cannon mortars and shell.  there are 100s of  Cannon finish'd and in course of construction about 1300 hands are employ'd.  visited the Marine barracks  heard the band play several times they look'd like British soldiers with their scarlet coats  the band number'd about 20 men and boys.  to fin  ish up the day went to the theatre to see Maggie Mitchell play Fanchon  she improves in her acting  Docter Richards stood the expences

Thursday Oct 1st 63  Started from Washington at 10.  the front cars were full some of our Boys got on the roof  I got on the rear car with 2 of our Regt who were going to Convelasent Camp  pass'd over the long bridge.  3 miles after passing over the rear of the train was uncoupled before I was aware of it.  Iid not know anything about it. here was a fix.  I was by myself got to Alexandria went to Major Woods to get transportation he was in Washington went to the Soldiers rest and staidall night.  it rain'd heavily all day.  about [p 135, book 2] 230 conscripts were brought in.  they were under guard of 3 Cos of soldiers.  they are the roughest set of fellows I ever saw.

Friday Oct. 2d 63  Went up to the Depot saw Capt Atwell in charge of the conscripts.  got liber  ty to go along with him.  pass'd over the battle grounds of Bull Run, manasas, warrenton Junction in fact from the Rapananock to Alexandria is one battle field.  troops Cav. Art. & Inf. are posted from Alex to Cul  pepper a move of some kind was on hand we saw a brig of Inf. and a Regt of Cav. going in the direction of Alex.  were detain'd 6 hours at the Rapananock the high water having wash'd the bridge away.  got to Culpepper about 8.  went to the guard house owing to a mistake in the duting aday is mis  placed

Sunday Oct 4 63  Got up about 6 went up to the Camp of the 1st Michigan and had breakfast.  they are going Patrol duty set out to see the town.  not much at that.  tho there is a few good residences [p 136, book 2] in it. went into the far famed Culpepper Court House  tis a small mean looking affair.  even in its best days.  started to look up the Regt and such a job.  the next Brigade could not tell me where they were, but I found them at last about 2 miles from town encamp'd on the top of a hill a rough place indeed.  we are in the 2 Brig. 3 Div 3 Army Corp.  went to the hospt saw Doc met several of the Boys for the 1st time since Winchester  Capt Gary is still in com  mand of the Co.  he has made appilcation for leave of absence.  Lieut Black is on Kei  fers staff.  the Regt was paid off a few days before I got here. borrow 52 Dols.  30 from Pete Wurts 5 from Billy Caldwell and 17 from the Co. fund.  gave a power of attorney to the Capt to draw 4 Months pay when next paid.  wrote to Mag sent her 47 Dols.  I owe some small debts and have several things to buy.  weather warm and confortable [p 137, book2]

Monday Oct. 5 63  Got up about 7 felt stiff & sore have caught a severe cold.  bunk with Mr. Tudor and his son.  the whole of this army are in shelter tents.  a poor protection in rough weather.  Oldham our Sutter was to have startd for Washington to day. he will take the mon  ey and exprefs it.  he will start to morrow.

Tuesday Oct. 6 63  To day the weather has been cloudy but warm.  my proverbial luck follow'd me.  Oldham srated for Wash  inton without seeing me.  he promised to take the Money and Ex it. and get my shoes soled.  before I can draw a pair my fine shoes will be ruin'd.  I feel much put out by this mishap.  I will go to town and Ex it myslef and let it risk the quirillas.  should it be lost(which would be just like my luck)twould be a sad blow.  Ch  arley P-ofs from Zanesville call'd to see he is on the staff of Brig. Gen. Griffin with the rank of Lieut.  he is much chang'd he is very stout and manly looking.  tis rumor'd that 8000 Cav. are between here and War [p 138, book 2] ON THE Hazel River

Wednesday Oct 7th 63 Weather warm.  towards evening it rain'd heavily. sent a letter to Mag.  about dusk 38 of our Regt came into camp.  5 belong'd to our Co. they were from Indianapolis and had never seen home.  John Petty was the only one from Zville.  he looks awful bad  I scarcely knew him.  he has the fever & ague they all give sad accounts of thir treatment at the hands of the Rebs

Thurday Oct 8 63  Got a pass and started for town abter breakfast.  sent 47 Dols to Mag  John Petty sent 20 Dols to his wife.  during the night the 1 Div of our Corps started out with 3 days rations on a recoisance.  our Brig. is under orders at a moments notice found a nigger shoey who soled and fix'd up my shoes for the small charge of a dollar.  Gen Elliot has been order'd to repot to old Rosey.  Gen Carr suceeds him.  they boys were all glad when Elliot left.  the usual orders were read on drefs parade.  his regret and sorrow at leaving his old troops particularly the 110 & 122 [p 139, book 2] Ohio who had won a name at Winchester and who had bright future before them (to be shot and mangled on the field of battle) and the usual amount of unmeaning phrases were indulged in which look so nice in print.

Friday Oct 9th 63  Weather mild sun shining all day. 2 Brigs of our Div were review'd by Gen Carr this morning.  the army of the Potomac now numbers about85,000 all told.  about 50,000 fighting men our lines extend about 15 miles.  we gather all our information of the movements of this army from the papers.  we know little but what passes in our own Brig.

Saturday Oct 10th 63  About 11 O'clock our Div was order'd under arms.  they went out about a mile then return'd withour arms.  broke up camp took 5 days rations along and return'd the sick.  that were left behind were order'd to Culpepper  Dr. Richards of our Regt & Dr. Stedman of the 87th Pa were detail'd to attend to them.  I was detaild as Steward.  went round with the Doc twas dark before I got thro.  were rous'd up at 10 Oclock to be ready to move but [p 140, book 2] did not get off till 9 next morning. what a sight  100s of the poor sick fellows laid out on the cold ground (it raind considerable during the day)  with nothing to cover them.  heard heavy firing in the afternoon.

Sunday Oct. 11th 63  Got started about 8 such a lot of ambulances I never saw.  got into the medical wagon drove for dear life the Rebs were after us like a 1000 of brick  crofsd the Raponannock about dark.  artillery cavelry Infantry allmak  ing the best time they knew how

From the Oct 11th to 16th 63 During the whole of this time we have been falling back and fighting inthe rear and flanks all the time.  Gen French com'd's the 3 Corp.  he is a heavy set red faced man.  the muscles of his face in continual motion cause shnapps to repletion but he seems to know what he is about.  we have pass'd over some awful roads.  pass'd thro Green  wick(wich?) where are several English residents who have placards posted over thier houses and fences. British property under safeguard by Gen. Sigel.  crossd bull run.  pass'd Cen treville so far we have not lost many men [p 141, book 2] our Boys has not been engaged.  the sick have suffer'd severely for want of med & food.  moving all the time they could not be Rx for.  we captur'd 9 peices of artillery and 500 prisoners. but we know nothing definite/ save that we are falling back.  Dr. Richards & Stedman have been releived.  Stedman told me to stay with the Med wagon for the pre  sent.for the last 2 days we have been short of prog(?)  I have had but 3 crackers a day.  had to turn(?) --- and parch ears of corn to satisfy my hunger.  saw some operations perform'd on the field belonging to the 2 Div.  what scenes of suffering.

Friday Oct 16th 63  Early this morning 110 of the sickest of the men have been sent to Fairfax.  Carter & Petty our Co. were left behind.  they are as sick men a there is in the Div.  rain'd a little during the night.  no artillery firing this morning.  tis rum  ord Hetzelman has come up with 50,000 men  Bragg has reinforced Lee. there will be a bloddy battle ifthe rebels dont skedadle.  about noon it commenced to rain heavily and rain'd till late at night.  how the poor sick suffer withour shelter med or food.  tis a cursed shame.  the Amb train return'd a little after dark.  the report now is that Lee is agian in Maryland.  Brough is elected.  we voted the (122') on Tuesday last whilst the Regt was drawn up in line of battle

Saturday Oct. 17th 63  To day the weather has cleard up.  Ike Steel was detail'd a serjeant in the ambulance train.  the sick having been sent to hospi  tal the Stewards (5) were releived.  went to the Regt.  they were on picket.  Gen Sickles review'd the 3' Corp.  he rode on horseback  he was cheer'd lustily.  he looks to be about 45 rather good looking. [p 142, book 2]

Sunday Oct. 18th 63  The Regt came in about 10. laid Camp and fix'd things general the camp is in the woods  the 3 Corp is scatter'd all over the hills.  no firing to day.

Monday Oct. 19th 63 At 6 Oclock the whole Corp moved and left Centreville behind.  we are now following Lee and driving him back.  we march'd about 12 miles encamp'd on a level plain pitch'd tents made coffee and turn'd in.

Tuesday Oct 20th, 63  Were rous'd up by 1/2 past 4 got break  fast and started at daylight.  waded Bull Run twas thigh deep about 1/2 past 10 came to Broad Run when the discovery was made that we were on the wrong road.  the 1st Corp had forded it someof them were wet up to the middle  our Corp was fortunate the mistake being discovered before we got over.  countermarch'd and struck the R.R. the Rebs have torn up the track most effectually.  bridges ties rails cars everything they could lay hands on from Cul  pepper to Bristol (Bristow?) station all is in ruins.  the Govt is hard at word repairing it pass'd over the battle ground of last Saturday.  the Rebs suffer'd awfully.  scores of graves are scatter'd all over the hill I saw 27 grave from one Co. a N.C. Regt. dead horses lay strewn thro the woods torn to peices the smell was anything but pleasant. trees were shatter'd in every direction.  suchis the results of even a light engagement. we lost but few went into camp about 5 [p 143, book 2]

Wednesday Oct. 21st 63 Struck tents & started at 7 Oclock.  march'd hard till near 12 when we encamp'd along the R.R. at Catlett station.  we are but 6 miles from where we started 2 days ago.  after all our tramping.  the intention was to overtake Lee before he cross'd Bull Run but we were a day to late.  we saw some of their camp fires still burning.  the Regt was inspected in the afternoon.  Capt Harding of Co A has been placed under arrest for being tight and abusing H Razor one of his Co.  Razor knock'd him down with his musket afterhe was struck several times. Lieut Black is still on Gen. Keifers staff.

Thursday Oct. 22d 63 Weather very fine boys all fixing up a little.  drew rations for 3 days Leiut Black bought a lot of dried apples & sugar which he gave to several of the Co me amongst the rest.  he is the most popular officer in the Regt and deserved so.  all the Co were arm'd except me.  I am excused so far from duty. the fact is I could (not) carry my traps and a gun for a day.  it would break me down and the Officers know it.  Capt Gary Col Ball & Capt Farquer came up from Fairfax.  2 of our Co. Jackson & Van Kirk join'd the Co.  they have been in Har  risburg since the battle of Winchester in the Q.M. department [p 144, book 2] our Regt wagons came up.  the hostp is pitch'd again since we started.  the Doc  ters have fared worse than the men their tents being in the wagons.  Just at dusk we got orders to strike tents.  waited ab about 2 hours when we got orders to pitch them again.  got a letter from Mag it fill'd me with  surpr  ize and pleasure. she has open'd a Grocery on a small scale.  she got about 100 Dols woth from Mr. Applegate.  she is much elated with her su  cefs so far.  blefs her soul how anxious she is to assist me.  I have indeed a treasure in her.  I shall study to make her feel easy in her mind on my account.  I was shock'd to learn that Mr. Jenkins had kill'd Mr. Mullen. Mr. Stutz told me he was crazy drunk.  Mullen went over to his hourse(he was abusing his family) to quiet him as he had done often before. but finding he could do no good return'd to his own house.  Jenkins got an old musket with a baynet on it with which he stab'd hime thro both lungs.  he died instantly.

Friday Oct. 23d 63  To day it is one year since we left Zanesville.  what changes has been very lucky having lost but one man. by death.  several have been discharged some/ deserted.  there was many heavy hearts when we left.  time has reconciled them some [p 145, book 2] what but still Mag feels my absence as keenly as ever.  struck tents and started about 7.  march'd 6 or 7 miles to Bristow station.  here are station'd a host of contrabands from Washington who are reconstructing the road.  we are station'd in sight of the battle Ground.  our Regt. went our on picket about 3 O'clock.  Charley Callahan an old friend of mine(I induced him whilst I was a mem  ber of the Sons to join but he broke over twice) was found drown'd in the Muskingum cause whisky poor Charley he was a good hearted fellow and a first rate buisinefs man

Saturday Oct. 24th 63  It commenced to rain at 5 last evening and has continued to rain all night and day.  our camp is ankle deep in mud.  water is scarce and awful stuff when you get it.  wood we have to carry above 1/2amile on our shoulders.  I have not pass'd such a miserable day since I enlisted.  the tents we have are little or no protection agai  nst the weather.  it rain'd in on us all night  our blankets are wet and no chance to dry them.  the 1st Div of the 1st Corp have been com  ing in all day.  they come from Thoroughfare Gap  had a potatoe each issued with the rest of our rations.  we had orders to leave to to night but the order was counter manded [p 147, book 2]

Sunday Oct. 25th 63  Started this morning about 7.  on the advance again.  we are in our old camp up Catlett station.  the weather has been fine.  Lieut. Scott of Co B has been put under arrest casue too much commisary as the Boys call whis  ky in this section. 100s of men are detail'd from the various Regts cutting  crofs tiesthe road will soon be in operation again.  about 7 we had orders to strike tents and move.  here was a go.  we had fix'd up  for a good nghts rest.  we moved but 1/2 a mile to the edge of a peice of woods to support the cavalry who where in our front.  some rebel Cav had been seen in the afternoon. the Ohio(?) Md & 110th O.V.I. a portion of them were at work all night cutting timber a fortifying a fort at a mill not 1 Ar(?) from here.  we laid down on the ground without any tents the first time I have done it since I have been out.

Monday Oct. 26th 63  Got up about 5 after an miserable night on the cold sod.  I am glad to 1think John Petty has been sent to the hospt.  he started this morning.  we pitch'dtents inthe afternoon not knowing how long we will stay.  we may be order'd to night.  sure enough about 8 O'clock we were order'd to strike tents and march'd about 2 miles where we camp'd on the other side of the [p 147, book 2] railroad spread our blankets on the ground and went to sleep.

Tuesday Oct. 27th 63  Got up about 5 slept warm and comfortable.  Ice form'd for the first time. a large house about 1/2 a mile form camp was furn'd to the ground.  I did not learn whether it was accidental fire'd or not.  we were to have started at 1/2 past 5 but have staid here all day.  several of the boys got some commissary amon  gst the rest Charley Church he got tight and pitch'd into me. for no cause whatever.  he got on my chest while lying in the tent and bit me inthe hand. the boys pull'd him off me.  the Capt was going to put him under arrest.

Wednesday Oct 28th 63 Weather fine but cool.  got my clothes wash'd the first chance for 2 weeks. bought 1/2 pound of smoking Tob. from John Voris he paid 2 dols a pound for it.  tis an awful imposition but we are staring to death for it and must have it at any price.  sold 50 cts worth of it to Pat Carter.  every man in this Army is lousy as a tick from the Col 1to the private.  when the sun shines you can see dozens sitting in their tents or on the grafs picking the cursed things of them so far I have found but 4 on me.  heavy firing has been heardin our rear all day.  can learn nothing definite.  just as we were getting supper orders came to strike tents.  started out for Bealton Station 10 miles distant got there between 10 & 11 spread our blankets on the ground in the woods.  [p 148, book 2] twas a nice night for marching moon shining brightly.  notwithstanding We miss'd our way twice.  about 1 mile from camp waded a creek thigh deep.  twas a cold job.

Thursday Oct. 29th 63  Got up about 7 slept warm considering all things.  after breakfast moved our camp near the edge of the woods.  got orders to pitch tents.  the 3' Brig 3 Div which we relieved have fallen to the rear of us.  we are now the advance guard headquarters 3/4 of a mile from here.  Bufords cavarly are in our front.  there is slight skirmishing almost every day. weather fine sun shining the roads are drying out fast.  Moseby has been at work again yesterday he captu  red a supply train of 27 wagons between Greenwick and Bristow.  I am glad to learn that Chap McCabe have been released from Libby.  he has gone home.  his health is much impair'd by confinement.  some of our Co have been pretty lucky lately.  Serjt McMillan found a purse with 13 Dols in it Rush a gum coat James an officers sword belt.  the Boys find amusement in running down rabbits & squirrels of which there are a great number in this section.

Friday Oct. 30th 63 Weather fine.  the whole of our Corp has come up.  Ed Hilliard has been promoted to Serjt.  vide(/) Maxfield reduced to the ranks. for leaving his Co. during the action of June 14th at Win  chester and showing cowardice in the face of the enemy.  I am very sorry to think that Jack  shew'd the white feather.  I thought and still think a good deal of Jack.  his situation in the Co will [p 149, book 2] be anything but enviable when he returns.  the Capt and 7 of us have form'd a mefs.  he buys such art  icles from the commisary as we cannot draw so that we have a little variety.

Sturday Oct 31st 63  It rain'd heavily for 3 hours this morning.  were muster'd in for pay at 10'clock.  10 members of our Co have sent in their names to join Ohio Batteries in the Army of the Potomac.  some of them will regret it I bet.  tis the hardest branch of the service.

Sunday Nov 1st 63  Weather fine sun shinging all day.  100 of our Regt are out on picket.  wash'd all my clothes.  wash'd myself all over.  had a genral clean up.  As Mag would say Aunt Chloe found 2 greybacks on me.  dam the things if you keep yourslef ever so clean you will get them from other in the Co.  all quiet in front got a letter from home.  she speaks flatteringly of the sucefs of her store. children all well.  38 recruits arrived for the 110th Ohio 2 for our Regt.  got a pair of gloves and handkerchief by Andy Stulz.  they have been laying at Warrenton since he came to the Regt.

Monday Nov 2d 63  Weather fine.  nights cold the Cav have return'd from a scout and report no Rebs this side the Repidan.  they haveutterly destroy'd the R.R. between the Rapananock and Culpepper carrying off all the rails and ties to the other side of te Repidan. they have plowd downthe enbankments  and fill'd up all the cuttings.  the impression if that we will not move any further forward.  Lee will no doubt throw all his troops to assist Bragg leaving [p 150, book 2] but a small force in our front.  Grant must look out sharply or we will meet with a signal defeat where only victory has followd our standard . 13 of the parold men return'd to the Regt. late last night.  Sam Burwell the drummer of our Co, Huston that wasin the hospt along with me in Winchester.  they wre 10 days on the road.  wrote to Mag.

Tuesday Nov. 3 63  Weather beautiful.  Brig drill has been instituted in our Brig.  Adj Cushing has been appointed Q.M. Lieut Malloy Adjt. had beans & potatoes issued to us to day.  it looks as tho be were going to stay here  a little while all is quiet nothing of importance occurring

Wednesday No. 4th 63 Weather fine fixing up tents etc etc  the report now is that 12 Seige guns are on their way to the front.  all sorts of rumors are afloat in consequence.  that we are going to  the Rapananock others say the Repidan in fact you can hear anything inthis Army.

Thursday Now 5 63  Weather still fine.  News from N.Y. encouraging so far the Union ticket is ahead  what a revulsion in public sentiment in one short year.  then the so call'd Democra(ay?)  thot they had a long lease of power in the several States they carried.  how short lived their victory has been.  the sober second thoughtsof the people is always right.  tis worth a signal victory [p 151, book 2] in the field this uprising of the people.  their votes say this rebellion must and shall be crush'd.twill strengthen the hands of Honest Old Abe.

Friday Nov 6th 63  To day fix'd up our tents.  got frest bread for the 1st time since we left Culpepper. weather very fine.  had beans and potatoes the boys thot we would be likely to stay a little while, but about 1/2 past 3 o'clock on

Saturday 7thNov 63  we were order'd to strike tents and march. started about 5 on to Richmond wa s the word or in that direction at any rate  we march'd till late in the afternoon when we arr  ived at Kelleys Ford on the Rapananock.  here we found their siege peices posted on a hill comma  nding the woods on the opposite side now the fun commences(as the boys say).the 1 & 2 Div of our Corp waded the river and formed on the open ground protected by our guns.the Rebs threw out skir mishers in front of the woods but they soon fell back.  when our troops occupied the ground few of our men were hurt.  Our Div croos'd over on the pontoons after dark when we encamp'd.  it has been the hardest day on me yet.  we had to leave Capt Gary on the road he has the rhumatism severly.

Sunday Nov 8th 63 Started about 6 our Div in front saw several rebels lying on the field unburied. march'd to Brandy Station where we found the Rebs posted on a hill cannon were sent forward and open'd fire [p 152, book 2] upon them. they replied briskly for a long while. aportion of our force Infantry were sent forward to flank them when they put out so far we have taken about 450 prisoners.  the whole of the 7th N C  (350) the rest stra  gglers.they are all well and comfortably cloth'd w(?) of our Regt were slightly wounded.  3 of the 138 Pa(our Div) one had both legsshot off by a shell, another his leg, another his left arm.  the shells fell thick and fast around our Regt.  one shel burst within a few feet of Major Peach covering him with dirt.  there was several narrow excapes.our Regt was in front their H Q? were at Brandy Station they left in a hurry leaving some few things behind them some flour Tob etc etc heavy firing has been heard to our right all afternoon.

Monday Nov 9th 63 Thot we would move forward at day light but so far up to 4 O'clock we are still encamp'd in the woods the firing yes  terday proceeded from 5 & 6 Corp at Rapananock Station. the reportin Camp is that the Rebs were badly beaten losing 4,300 prisoner 10 peices of cannon & 70 wagons [p 153, book2] and lastly that Fort Sumter is our a Pa Regt beingin possesion of it. we look anxiously for the papers  it snow'd slightly during the afternoon.  tents were pitch'd trees cut down and preparations made for the night but it cleard off. dysenterey is very prevalent in our Regt.  a great namy are un  fit for duty in consequence.  got orders to march just at dark as the troops got into line it was countermanded we were not sorry.

Tuesday Nov 10th 63  About 10 O'clock we moved forward on to the Culpepper pike and ogt orders to pitch tents.  got the papers.  430 pris  oners instead of 4,300 and Sumter is not ours yet.  patience, twill be shortly.  the Rebs had made up their minds to winter here about a mile from where we are. they had evicted good winter quarters(one Copr the camp is nearly a mile in length) log cabins chink'd and daub'd, chimnys built and boarded floors.  these are the best winter quarters I have seen.  our Boys went for the spare timber and soon haul'd it into our Camp. they make their own soap.tis very dark colod'd and looks as if it had corn meal mix'd with it.  they do not leave much behind, old shoes, pants, blouses etc etc are very scarce.  tis quite a contrast to our camps .  the are to be pick'd up by the 100s provisions of all kinds are invariably left behind the boys disliking to carry so many rations.  we are expected to have 8 days rations ahead all the time.  they issue at that rate, but tis too much for a man to carry.  the weather is fine with with cold wind. [p 154, book 2]

Wednesday Nov 11 63  To day have been assisting to get things into shape at the hospt.  since we started out the last time I have been with the hospt.  weather blustery & form'd to a thisknefs of 1/2 an inch during the night.  the 3' Brig moved out to the Reb Camp.  they will have good quarters. Capt Gary is with the Regt again still suffering.

Thursday Nov 12th 63 Weather beautiful like spring.  Tom Campbell of Co C died furing the night in our hospt.  he ws buried this after  noon.  a rude square pine box was his last resting place poor fellow.  he died by red tape.  3 days before he was brot to the hospt our Docs wish'd to leave him in a house and detaild a nurse to take care of jo, but Jamieson said no bring him along.  he was brot along and during the fight he was taken out of the ambulance and left with others in the woods without covering all night.  the men at the head of our Div ought to be removed.  2 others died on the road unwept, unhor'd, and unsung [p 155, bok 2] no wonder so many desert when they see the manner some of the sick are treated.  the Doctors of our Regt. do all they can but their hand are so tied with red tape that they can scarcely do any thing.  Richards is very sick not able to do any thing.  there is 7 in the hospt 3 from our Co all typhoid cases.

Friday Nov 13th 63  Weather still fine sun shining beautifully.  our Ord(?) Serj (Co I) was brot to the hospt this morning with Typ Fev.  got some Med from the Brig Med Wagon.  fix'd up a table for dispen  sing against a tree near the tent.  things look as tho we were going to stay here a little while

Saturday Nov 14 63  Weather cold and blustery.  fix'd up a lot of Med, made pills & etc.  just at dark it commenced to rain and o such heavy con  tinued about 2 hours raining heavily.  our hospt and tents were flooded.  it rain'd on our beds but we turn'd in and let it rip

Sunday Nov 15th 63  Sun shone out to day.  got a detail of men who pitchd the tents and clean'd our the hospt.  got things fix'd up a little nearly all [p 156, book 2] the tents in the Regt flooded  the boys had to lay on the wet ground or sit by the fire  a nmuber of the sick in quarters came to the hospt last night but we could not admit them being full.  poor fellows how I pitied them what a man has to suffer in the army only those who are about the hospt have any idea.  our parol'd boys return'd to the Regt this evening.  to Co I Mike Keeley, John Kimble, Fred Alen, Aug Bush, Ben Roberts (in irons for desertion) he is in the guard will go hard with him this time.  Mike brot me my boots and a lot of Tob and a letter.all well at home.  will see him to morrow and have a chat with him

Monday Nov. 16th 63  To day weather favourable.  H. Gamble came up this morning.  Geo. Church is transfer'd to the invalid Corp and has gone to Boston.  Jim O'Hara, geo. Fell, Maxfield and one or 2 more are in the con  valescent Camp at Alex.  several of them will be dischar  ged.  Hen Stephens  Hein(?) Kirker(?) & John Smith are at home sick.  the cars run thro to Culpepper [p 157, book 2] flags were flying on the engine and cars the boys cheer'd it lustily.  a review of all the troops was held to day.  the staff officers make quite a respectable batallion of horse on their return sev  eral of them were, to draw it mildly, highly elevated.  tis the curse of the army.  Mike was at our house just before he left.  he says she is doing a nice buisinefs and all is going well.  I feel happy to know tis so.of course, she is anxious that I should come home but has made up her mind that tis impossible.

Thursday Nov 17th 63 Weather cool.  clouds heavy.  got some sodea crackers fromthe christian Commis (for the sick) they are doing a great deal of good.  the sick and wounded have cause to blefs them

Wednesday Nov 18th 63 Weather fine.mud drying up.the Regt moved about 1/2 a mile to a fresh camp.  J Killburn Co B died this morning in the hospt.  he was sick but a few days. wash'd all over chang'd clothes.  thank fortune I found no grey backs.  may I always be so fortunate.

Thursday nov 19th 63 Weather is fine sun shining all [p 158, book 2] day.  quite a number of sutters are arriving.  their goods are soon pick'd up.  oysters are sell  ing at 2 1/2 dols a can and other things in pro  portion.  Dr. Bryant is sick and condined to his tent.  Richards is improving all inthe hospt are getting better.

Friday Nov 20th 63  Killburn was buried this afternoon.  they wish'd to send him home but could not get permission .  got a parcel from home with a hankerchief, muffler, buttons, etc., but no letter  wrote to Mag.

Saturday Nov 21st 63  It commenced to rain during the night and continued nearly all day.  got a months supply of Med  from Med. H.Q.  Lt Col Granger, Capt Rofs & Serjt Major Wheeler arrived last night.  Granger brot me a parcel, a pair of stout gloves, and a letter.  she seems to be rather dishearten'd  Jim & her do not get along very well.  the payrolls have been sign'd to day  I suppose we will be paid

Sunday Nov 22d 63  The sun shone out beautifully all day.during the forenoon our sick were sent to the Genl Hospt 14, 3 from our Co, Sergt Mc Millan, W.H. King, Dave Sensibaugh.were paid this afternoon.  Paid what I borrow'd last pay day $52.00.  sent $25,00 home leaving me a dollar.  about 500 sick were sent to the rear there was 2 long trains.  6 of us sent our money home together to the care of Mr. Eli.Church.Pat Carter, C. Church, Pat Carter, Jim Stull, Jas. Griffin Jim Plimpton in all $303,00.  twill cost lefs sent in that manner [p 159, book 2]

Monday Nov. 23d 63  Weather cool.  Capt Gary went to the officers hospital in Washington City.  they are sending a larger amount of ammunition to the rear tents etc. etc. that dows not look much like moving. drew a pair ofxshoes 6's but they were to large.  I could not wear them sold them for $1.75.  I cannot get a pair of shoes in the army to fit me.  at dusk the pontoon train moved to the front follow'd by the poineer Corp so a move is on hand  it rain'd during the night

Tuesday Nov 24, 63  Were aroused by 5.  orders from Col Ball to be ready to march at 7.  pack'd up all ready at the time whenthe order was wait further orders..  the artillery went forward.  I have just bearn'd that they are stuck in the mud at Racoon Ford. sent off 20,00 for Mike Keeley byEx.  it has rain'd nearly all day.  mud mud mud.

Wednesday Nov. 25, 63 Weather fine with cool wind it will dry up the roads.  moved over to the Regt.about dark the  Art commenced to move and continued nearly all night. slept on the boards in the hospt(hard).  Huston has not return'd from Washington yet  I hope nothing has happen'd tohim.from indications----- we shall move soon. [p 160, book 2]]

Thursday Nov. 26th, 63 Thanksgiving day.  our thanks  giving dinner has been hard tack and sow belly, as for the praying, I am afraid the was more cursing.  pack'd up and moved out about 9.  where we are going we know not but suppose we shall crofs the Ripidan.  about 500 head of cattle  are along with us.  tis a general move.  a dispatch was read to us when about 6 miles on the road an  nouncing a desperate battle in Tenn.  Bragg & Longstreet both whip'd out, may be true.  it is cheerling news for us.  just on the heave of an en  gagement.  just before dark we cross'd the far famous Repidan on Pontoons.  tis a narrow but swift stream. Art were planted commanding the opposite bank.  the bank on the other side is 250 feet above the level of the river and at an angles of 45 degrees.  a small force could have hinder'd our advance but not a Reb was in sight.  march'd about 2 miles thro the woods.  there were facedabout and camp'd about 1/2 mile from the river the other portion of our forces crofs'd at Racoon and Germania Fords.  I could not learn whether  where we crofs'd was named or [p 161, book 2]

Friday Nov. 27th 63  Pass'd a miserable night got up about 1 and stood by the fire a long time.  then laid down again.  suffer'd much with cold.  it froze considerable during the night. form'd in line and started about 8.  2n Div of our Corp in front.  heavy firing all day between 2 & 3 O'clock our Div. was order  d to the front.  they press'd forward thro the woods where for 2 hours there was the most terrible musketry firing that ever I heard.  some of the men who had been at Antitium says it was heavier than it was there.  the Surgeons and those with them were order'd to the rear.  about 50 of our Regt fell back with us.  some of them with guns.  when we had fallen back as far as French(?) H.Q. I lost the docter in the melee.  a panic on a small scale occur'd in consequence of so many men falling back.  a paper man was selling papers in the  midst of it all the confusion.  I struck into the woods to hunt up the Doc.the hospt had been moved I Could not find him.  the Rebs shell'd the woods in which I was. I struck to the right and came out in the road where I met with quite a number of our Regt.  fell back to our old camping ground.  collected all the boys together built fires and slept in the woods.  Mike Keeley came up.he was sick and id not feel like going into the fight.  I feel sorry for him.  he willget himself into trouble.  guards were placed on all the roads leaving from the front and sent every man back who had a gun.  there was an awful amount of skedadling and no mistake.  [p 162, book 2]

Saturday Nov. 28th 63  Got up about 4 and started for the front.  left quite a number behind at the fires.  came up with the Regt. about daylight. saw Lieut Black learn'd from him the lofs of our Co.  Riley Tudor kill'd W. Caldwell in the left hand.  J Saffle flesh wound in the knee.  the lofs in our Regt. is 6 kill'd 26wounded.  2 of the wounded will die.  started out on the Orange & Fredrick Pike.  the 6th Corp in front  halted inthe woods till near 12 O'clock it rain'd heavily all forenoon  we march'd till late at night and such marching mid leg deep in mud in a many places.  I was almost fag'd out.  Col. Granger put all the sick and unarmedmen under my charge.  the Doc is still in the rear at the hospt. fortunately I have med in my pocket to meet ordinary cases.  Our Regt was sent out on picket. pick'd out the driest spot we could find and laid down tired and weary.  found a pair of good boots in the woods just the thing I fine ones will not stand tramping in the section.  I can wear 3 pair of socks with them.  the 6th Corp has been engaged all day to our right/

Sunday Nov. 29th 63  The Rebs have thrown up earthworks right in our front above a mile long.  we can see them plainly.  the woods are a short way  in them---- our Art are in position on the hills allaround here.  laid all day in sight of each other but did not fire a gun.beef was issued to us today. in the afternoon was sent by the Col to the Corp hospt.  5 miles in the rear.  got there toward evening found the Docters.went down to the quarters got the boys fix'd [p 163, book 2]

Monday Mov. 30th, 63  During the night did not feel well, bowels out of order. got up about 5.froze considerable during the night.  went up and saw the boys they are fix'd up as well as possible under the circumstances.  tents are pitch'd and bowers of ceder erected in the woods strewn with ceder boughs.  considering all things they are well fix'd.  the lofs in our Corp will amount ub kill'd and wounded to 700.  started for the front about 9.  Richards & Bryant went ahead. (Bryant is a little better) came up to them on the Orange Pike.  Bryant was detail'd to stay at the hospt.  Richards & I & Wesley Frampton went forward to the Regt.  went about 1/2 a mile when we met our Div marching back.. fell in and went back to our old camp.  opposite the rebel entrenchments

Dec. 1st Tuesday(63)  Winter has set in and still we are in the field.  it froze hard during the night.  the boys suffer'd severely from thecold.  our Brig was on the brow of a hill.  we were in the woods and built up spruce to screen us from the wind.  we were comparatively comfortable.  the Doc weeded the bummers and play offs who have been in the rear ever since we advanced this time.  those who were able were sent to their Cos.  the really sick were sent to the rear in charge of Lieut Numier who is under the weather.  Capt Farguer is in disgrace for refusing to lead his Co into action on Friday last.  I saw a staff officer order him to the front, but twas no go.  he has been suffering from rhumatism, but he is is an arrant coward and no mistake.  I heard Col. Ball say he would put him under arrest soon as he could [p 164, book 2] got orders about 7 to pack up and move.  where to, that's the rub.  we were in hopes twas an advance.  struck out into the woods.  thro the woods and fileds up hill and down.  oh what a tramp. the road in some places was frozen hard in other places mid leg deep. 100s of the men fell of the 6th Md was shot accident  ally ball lodg'd in the thigh.  struck the Fredrickburg and Orange Plank road turn'd to the left then we knew where we were going.  we were leaving the Rebs behind and striking for the Repidan.  march'd till 3 in the mor  ning.  part of the time on the double quick.  scores of them threw their knapsacks away.  I got a new one, halted in a grove of pines.  laid down and was alseep in no time

Wednesday Dec. 2d 63  Got up about 8 and made ready to leave did not get off till 11.  march'd 5 miles halted for dinner started again and halted just before dark in the woods.  made some coffee.  expected tostart soon after but did not get on the road till 2 in the morning.  another night march.  twas worse than the other.  the roads were worse if possible.  wagons ambulances & Art mired but on we march'd for Brandy Station.  Hen Tucker and I stopt on the road and madesome coffee.  got to an old camp about 8 Oclock muddy tired and weary.

Thursday Dec. 3d 63  One week to day we left here.  have tramp'd and fought every day.  -some part of the army, as for me I cannot get the hang of the Corps and Div.  the por  tions they occuppy and the movements they make.  our own is as much as I canunderstand and hardly that.  our Copt did not take any prisoners or cannon. the 6th took 5 peices and a few 100 prisoners.  the position [p 165, book 2] they occupied there still held on.  Friday night we could not budge them.  they left it for a better position which they fortified and we did not attack.  on Monday the 6th Corp supported by our Div were to have attack'd a batt  ery about 6 miles from Orange Court house.  all was ready baynots(?) fix'd only waiting orders. Gen Meade came up(I saw him and his chief of staff as they they came back) andheld a council with the officers.  when it was abandon'd twas well twas so.  had they charg'd few would have come out of it alive.  this we learn'd afterward from some captur'd rebs.  twas flank'd in every direction by mask'd batteries  all in all the rebs have held their own bravely.  we have done them little injury comparatively, but however the victory under Grant is due to our presence here.  the boys have come in all day till late at night. nearly 1/2 of the command straggled , they were laying all along the road tired & foot sore.

Friday Dec. 4th 63  To day we moved our camp about 2 miles up the RR.  into the camp from which we drove the Rebs when we advanced last time after our skidad from Culpepper.  the Brig is quarter'd in comfortable log huts a few days will fix things up.  I hope we will we allow'd to stay here.  I am sick and tired of tramping so much and havinf tocarry my knap  sack.  the Rebs cross'd the Rapidan at 3 places follow ing us closely but were driven back.  our Corp had neet them.  fortunately, a dispatch was received that they had corfs'd again.  it would have been a hard job on us to have turn'd out again fag'd out as we all were.  got 2 letters, all well. [p 166, book 2]

Saturday Dec. 5th  Have been busy all day fixing up.  commenced to build a chimney.  about 4 Oclock got orders to pack up and leave.  sush is the uncertainty of movements in this Army.  The sick were all sent away in the ambulances . wait'd hour after hour for the order to start.concluded to lay down.  we laid on the floor of the kitchen.  twas cold.during the night  got up about 1 and sat by the fire allnight

Sunday Dec. 6th 63  All were up by daylight ex  pecting a move.  about 8 the wagons return'd . the order had been countermanded.  all were soon busy fixing up.  got our chimney finish' ceased at 1.  when there  as preaching.  Dr. Rishards built the chimney  he made a good job of it.

Monday Dec 7th 63  Gout up about 7.  had a good nights rest.  the first for 10 days.  Isaac Steele was brot to the hospt very sick.  he was delerious and had been all night.  took him down to the quarters.  the hospt tent not being up.  the poles were lost in the last trip.  Col Ball had Mike Keeley and 2 others of the regt arrested for cowardice & desertion.  tis proved that Mike threw away his gun.  I urg'd him by every means in my power to fall in with the regt and not to [p 167, book 2] shew the white feather, but twas no use.  he said he was to sick. when he came up with me that night without his gun I told him I would rather have seen him with a bullet in his leg than in that fix.  poor fellow I feel sorry for him I am afraid twill go hard with him.  the lofs in our Brig. kill'd and wounded amounts to 176.  the wholeof the seriously wou  nded have been sent to Washington.

Tuesday Dec. 8th 63  Late last night Hen- Kirker return'd to our Co.(18 to the Regt.)  Maxfield is discharg'd.  G. Fell H. Stephens, J. Smith are in the Invalid Corp.  Bailey, Van Kirk(?) & C Bauers are at home still.  I suppose they will never come back.  have been busy all day fixing up medicineof various kinds.  Sutters are being to arrive.  the boys are wasting their money as usual.  tis a sign we will stay.

Wednesday Dec. 9th 63 Weather fine.  went to see Mike Keeley.  he feels very desponding.  There is 78 prisoners  from our Div. for various offences.  Jim O'Hara is in the Invalid Corp.

Thursday Dec. 10th 63 Weather fine but cool.  commenced duty(?) up(?) the hospt Lieut(?) building a chmney etc.  got axes, picks shovels another sign we shall stay.  Capt. Gary came to camp , he has resign'd/  the boys of the Cos are glad he is gone.  had letter from Mag.  bought a pair of Cavalry boots for 7,00 the price was 10,00 but they would not [p 168, book 2] fit anyone but me so I got them at cost price.Hemington, our Brig surgeon has resign'd.  Dr. Richards had a letter from Dr. Houston.he is coming to the Regt shortly.  he will be brig Surgeion I ecpect

Friday  Dec. 11th 63 Weather fine putting up the hospt. etc., etc. wrote to Mag

Saturday Dec. 12th 63  Our Regt went out on picket.  rain'd at intervals during the day.  hospt finish'd. got the sickin (4).

Sunday Dec. 13th 63 Rain'd all night but fine during the day.  Capt Gary & Lieut Black go home to recruit to day.  well send this if I possibly can.  a number of Officers go with them  I could not learn their names.  got a fresh supply of medicines will have a log house built in a ------ and have the dispensing all done ----- I should be comfortably fix'd if we stay here [p 169, book 2]

Sunday Dec. 13th 63 [illegible line] presented to him this morning.  Capt. Gary bid the boys good bye and left for home this afternoon.  he was visibly affected at leaving. G.M. CushingAndrews Stulz, Lieut Black & Orderly(blank) went at the same time...They goto recruit, all the men they re  cruit I doubt will not make a corporals guard.  furloughs are to be granted to 2 in each Co for 20 days

Monday Dec. 14th 63  Weather fine slight shower during the forenoon.  went to see Mike wrote 2 letters for him.  he has heard nothing about his money.  I am afraid tis lost.  got a log house haul'd from a reb camp about a mile distant.  will have it up and finish'd in 2 or 3 days.

Tuesday Dec.15th 63  Weather fine commenced to build the house.  rumors of our moving

Wednesday Dec.  16th 63=  To day got the chimney finish'd and the fly of the the hospt over it for a roof. weather clo  udy and chilly.  all the Cos have nearly got up their quarters.

Thursday Dec. 17th 63 During the night it raind and froze.  continued at intervals all day.  winter has set in I think.  Harry DeYammett Co A started for home on a 15 days furlough.  I sent a letter by him requesting Mag to send to send me some Tob & pipe.  Adj. Malloy has got his discharge (Honorable). Lieut Scott is under arrest. so is Majer Peach.

Friday Dec.18th 63Weather cleard up-  gotinto our cabin this afternoon.  Lieut Malloy started home [p 170, book 2] to day.  Oldham the Sutter pitched his tent amongst us again. everything he had sold like hot cakes.  Moseby made another dash on the R.R. burn'd a bridge and destroy'd several cars so says report.  our Regt had general inspection this afternoon.  another rumor of a move.  I hope not we are just getting nicely fix'd

Saturday Dec. 19th 63 Weather cold and freezing all day.  during the night it froze hard.  got things fix'd up.  Dr. Bryant leaves for home tomorrow on leave of absence for 15 days.  wrote home to Mag she is very anxious in regard to my spiritual welfare.  nothing would give her more heart felt pleasure than to see me a member of the Catholic Church.  would that I could gratify her.  who knows what may happen.stranger things have happen'd than my being a mem  ber of the I have striven hard but cannot.

Sunday Dec. 20th 63  Weather very cold, freezing hard all day.  Dr. Bryant started home this morning.  Pat Carter came very near losing his life C. K cut down a tree which fell on the log house.he was lying down at the time(he is sick)  it crush'd the roof and displaced several logs.  it came within a few inches of him.  twas a narrow escape

Monday Dec. 21st 63 During the last few days the weather has been cold.  freezing hard during the night. have been employ'd fixing up the shebang and attending on the sick.  sat up 2 nights but came to the conclusion to do it no more.  Billy Har  lan, the nurse, is anxious that I should help [p 171, book 2] but I told him I would not sit up any more to accomodate him.if he wanted any one a man would be detail'd.  tis my duty to dispense not to nurse.  I only did it to oblidge him.  he is a pig headed fellow and likes to have his own way. Jim Stull went home on a furlough . went to see Mike took him some Tob.  Davis of  Co B died on Wednesday afternoon.  he suff  er'd much.  diptheria was the cause ofhis death.  he was buried the same evening.  he leaves a wife and family.  Wesley Frampton is lying sick with dys  entry in the Docters tent ---am has been sick Hen & I have had the Diar for the last few days, in fact, none of us have felt over well .the Regt never suffer'd so much with dis  eases of the bowels than it does at present. on Thursday morning 56 reportd on the lest.

Thursday Dec. 24th 63 To day the 1st Corp. moved to the pont(?) from Bristows Station.  our Regt went out on kicket for 3 days  Christmas Eve in the army of the Potomac, I little thot a year ago that I would be here.  what changes and vicissitudes in one short year. all is bustle and preperation at home to celebrate the festival with becoming honor.  Mag is about this time, 8 Oclock, hanging up the childrens stockings for Chris Kringles usual gifts.  would that I were there to add to them. received orders from headquarters to fix up the hospts for winter. so tis settled that we will stay here all winter if the Johnnys dont drive us out, of which there is no fears [p 172. book 2]

Friday Dec. 25th 63 Christmas day  weather beautiful sun shone brightly all day.  4 wagon loads of boxes fill'd with good substantial Christmas gifts came to the Brig late last night.  the 6th Md. got the most our Reft got 13.  I would have given considerable to have been at home this morning and seen the chil  drens happy similing faces as they fish'd out their gifts from their sotckings.  IOh how I should like to have pass'd theday at home.  the Med Director of our Corp sent a Turkey, some mutton, lemons and butter for the sick.  we had part of the turkey for dinner after the sick had been satisfied, but twas not home.  the Regt came in of picket. they were relieved sooner than they ex  pected.  got a letter from Mag.  answer'd it.all well at home.  the officers of the 1st Brig. of our Div got on a great spree  during the afternoon.  riding round on mules and raising hell generally.  there was more drunken men than I have seen all together since I hve been in the Army.  some of the officers of our Regt. did a little in that line after night.  commissary is the curse of the army the officers take too much.  twould be well if the authorities prohibited its issue entirely.  Hen Tucker & I went to Brig H.Q. spent the evening with Jacob Hankey(?) the Brig clerk.  drank a bottle of sherry wine and retired about 1/2 past 9.  so ended my christmas

Saturday Dec. 26th 63 Weather fine went to the Sanitary Com & got some jellies, chocolate, dried currants, crackers etc etc. for the sick in hospt. met the wagons of the Div moving towards our Div.  tis reported that one of the officers of the ist(?) Brig was thrown from a nule last evening and has since died cause commissary

Sunday Dec. 27th 63  Rain'd nearly all day.  went thro the usu  al routine.  Co I numbers but 44 men all told so the orderly(acting) told me.what a falling off [p 173, book 2]

From Monday Dec. 28th to Thursday 31st 63 it has rain'd almost incessantly.  the roads are in an awful condition even in camp tis ankle deep.  went up and saw Mike spoke to Col Ball in relation to him.  he said he could do nothing in his case now that he would have to be tried by Court martial.  a member of the 87 Pa a Brig was drum'd out of the regt a board p tie'd to his back on which was written Utterly Worthlefs.  he was turnd over to the Prove Marshall.  were muster'd in for more furloughs are to be granted from this Army but to vetrans.  tis very unfair unjust.  the object I suppose was to induce reinlistments.  twill fail in its(?) object.  men will not be coersed, as it were, into any such measures.  fewer men will now reinlist than ever.  As for myself, I will not under any circumstances entertain such a thought.  3 years if I live to  see it thro and no accidents happen.  is as I can spare.  let others take their turn. on new years eve quite a number of boxes came to the Regt.  we got a Turkey chicken butter & some eggs from Brig H.Q enough for a dinner for all connected with the hospt.  1863 pass'd away weeping (raining heavily) for sins and sorrows commited under this accursed rebellion, may it soon cease


Copyright 2013 Michelle Stone/Primogenia Press.

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