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Thomas Campbell's Civil War Diaries, 1862-1865

Part 1 of 6

[The following story was transcribed from the original diaries by Jo Ann Johnson Fisher and Michelle Stone (Primogenia Press, copyright 1995 and 2013), and begins in medias res....]

October 1862


                                 October 1862


[p 1, book 1]

who institutead search, when the things were found, he was put into the jail in Clarksberg  tis probable he will be drumm'd out of the Regt.  the Country through which we pass'd as much of it as we saw is very rough  and hilly.  the houses few and mean looking as to the sentiments of the Majority of the people that may be infer'd from the fact that but two people visited us whilst in Parkersburg two young ladies who rode on horseback one a neice of Stonewall Jackson's she is a staunch Unionist and has spent some 1000 of Dols in the cause she is a handsome Girl.  she was drest in a Riding habit of Blue Velvet I never felt so bad as I did passing through Parkersburg we saw but 3 Union flags the people stood at their doors sullen and morose not a smile a cheer, or a God blefs you I, for one felt that we were making great sacrifices for an ungrateful people  I should have been satisified for one to have Sack'd the town such was the sentiment of the whole Reft  the contrast between leaving home and [p 2, book 1] the reception we met with from those for whom we had made such sacrifices, was to glaring not be be deeply felt  between Parkersburg & Clarksburg there is quite a goodly number of Union Men & Women there are a number of items that I have to omit from the fact that I did not commence this Journal until the 30th

Thursday 30th Oct 62  We are now divided into Mefses our is No 1, the Z ville Boys in it are C Church Ed Hillyer Jas. Griffin Mike Keeley(?) & Myself we get along very well there is 12 in the Mefs. we are now on hard Crackers Pork & Coffee, with Beans and Hominy occasionly. with the exception of a slight cold, and a touch of the diorehea I have been pretty well better than I thought I would have been, with the travelling and hard sleeping about 3 this afternoon 2 Men were seen opposite our Camp on a hill 1/3 Mile distant they lurk'd round for a good while a squad from C. I. Henderson Stull warner Nelson & Aler headed by Leut [p 3, book 1] Black started after them after 2 hours scouting they arrested them they belonged to the 9th Va, they were deserters.  They were handed over to the Provost Marshall the honor of capturing the first prisoners in Va belongs to Co. I.  On guard for tomorrow

Friday 31st Oct 62  About 1 o clock this morning the Camp was thrown into a great state of excitement by the discharge of a gun which was quickly follow'd by 6 or 7 others  C Church was Corporal of the Guard he said there was 2 Men attempting to crofs the lines the Guards halt'd them they refused to stop, at the discharge of the first gun they ran and got away. several of the Cos rush'd to Arms our Mefs had more sense we waited for the long roll, the Chaplin McCabe ran out bare headed and bare footed of course nothing else had been talk'd about all day.  at 10 this morning the Regy. was drawn up for inspection [p 4, book 1] it occupied 6 hours Co. I bore inspection well the Pay roll was made out to day when we will be paid is another question.  As I expected Dex Woods was drum'd out of Camp this evening at Mefs parade and turn'd over to the civil power  I am sorry it has occur'd it will give the Regt such a bad name, one of our Men who left us at Zanesville nam'd Bawers from Dresdend camp into Camp this evening we all thought he had deserted us in Parkersburg.  he was arrested but escaped from the Guard.  Corporal Hillyer snap'd his pistol at him twice  Hen Lillibridge came into Camp his is Post Quartermaster he looks well.  he promised that he would procure Gum(?) Blankets for our Regt.  he shook hands with all the Z ville Boys.  he has a good situation and no mistake.  took my turn at Guard  all night did not get off till next morning at 11.

[p 5, book 1]

Saturday Nov 1st 62  To day got my 2 Dols from the Capt.  this morning all the Cos in Camp were out of provisions in fact last night several Cos had nothing but hard Crackers and Water for supper, and nothing for breakfast. fortunately for us we had Coffee enough  to make a cup a peice. we had nothing more till 3 in the  afternoon when we had another cup of Coffee & 1 cracker a peice whose fault it is I cannot tell but there is sad mismanagement some where.  there is much dissatisfaction in the Regt the Officers with the exception of Major Granger are green as pumpkins and allow themselves to be imposed upon by the rascally Quarter Masters.  the Sutter Oldham(?) of Zville sold out everything in the shape of eatables in the afternoon went down to the River.  the West fork of the monogohala, bath'd and felt brisk as a Bee.  several of the Boys tried their hands at washing for the 1st time.  I fear twas a dirty wash with a good many  Our Mefs bought a Possum ready cook'd for 35 Cts. twas a banquet fit for a king [p 6, book 1] Sent to town and got several articles we wanted.  Mike & I are partners  better hearted Man does not breath, when he lets the cursed Whisky alone which both he & I have done since we left Parkersburg and intend to do so for the future.  after Supper the Chaplin and our C. assisted by a few others, serenaded the Col, the the way, the Chap. is a bully singer the Col responded in a few happy remarks saying he would do all in his power to make us comfortable, and feelingly refer'd to those who had left their Wives and families here his voice falter'd, in his minds eye he saw his wife & little one,who that heard him similarly situated did not feel as he did I for one did serenaded the Major and Adjutant who spoke a few words.

Sunday No. 2n 62  This morning I tried my hand at darning Stockings.  I must confefs it was a failure, but I trust I shall improve by prac  tice.  I then tried my hand at hemming a couple of Towels which I bought yesterday.  in that I succeeded much better [p 7, book 1] sewd on several buttons and fixd up generally wrote 2 letters for 2 of our Co.  A squad of our C. went to Church in Clarksburg this morning.  In the afternoon there was preaching in Camp.  the Orderly of our Co came round and order'd us to attend preaching quite a number of our Co politely inform'd him he might go to hell, that we would not be compell'd to attend any religious service aga inst our convictions  100's of the Regt attended through fear of offending their Capts.  not so me I staid in my tent and wrote this instead  In the Army a Man loses his individuality but thank Fortune they cannot compel a Man to worship God against his honest convictions about 10 o clock last night Cries of Murder were heard on the other side of the River  12 Men 6 of our Co and 6 of Co A headed by Jack Numire(?) of Zville  Co A went to assertain the cause, they went about a Mile round by the RR Bridge and found it to proceed from several women who were standing by the bedside of a Man who [p 8, book 1] was dying from bleeding at the lungs the noise which was heard in Camp was the Women calling their neighbors together the excited imagination of the Guards construed it into a cry of Murder.  they came back in about 2 hours well satisfied with the trip.  about supper time 2 of the frail daughters of Eve were seen on the other side of the River waving to the Boys. some of them waded the River amongst them Charley Church & Hillyer about 7 o clock a severe storm of wind and rain struck our Camp.  it came up in about 3 minutes warning.  we rushed to our Tents and such a spree every Man holding on to the Pole or Canvas it lasted about an hour twas as severe a storm as I ever saw.

Monday Nov. 3d 62  To day we have been going through the Manual of Arms. and firing blank Catridge.  we were out about 3 hours. twas pretty cold.  On drefs Parade  Col Ball gave the command for the first time. wrote home tis strange I do not get a letter.  The 110 Ohio encamp'd in the next field to us.  while we were on drefs parade. they were in Park [p 9, book 1] ersburg when we were there

Tuesday Nov 4th 62  Got a pass to go to town. Charley Church me & Wiles went together went by the way of the RR part of the way the  cutting is through solid rock 50 feet thick within 1/2 a Mile of the town there is a Coal Bank the Seam 15 feet thick.  as we went into town met Frank McFadden he is in the Commissary depot.  the town is surrounded by hills tis the most poverty stricken hole I ever was in not that there is many poor, but the houses wear a delapidated appearance and look as if a good kick would bring them about their ears.  there is about 1/2 a dozen good private residences whilst in a storebying some Tob. a Man came in to buy some Salt.  he wanted 1/2a Bushel, the Store Keeper said he could only have 10 lbs without a permit from the Provost Marshall.  I began to feel a realizing sense that we were in a County not friendly to the Cause  Businefs in Clarksburg is very brisk, and would be much better but that change is so scarce unlefs you spend 50cts you cannot get a bill changed.  I bought 3 lbs of Do(g-q) Loa(g-q) at 35 Cts a lb [p 10, book 1] twas cheaper than I could have got it in Zville by the Keg. got a pass from the Provost Marshall and went into the jail to see Dex Woods. he stoutly denies the theft and says they were given to him by another party. As we left town a Wagon train was starting for Gualey(?) Bridge  the streets are throngd with Cavalry Artillery and Infantry from morning to night.  Clarksburg is the residence of Senator Carlisle and a relation of the redoutable Stonewall Jackson. Saw the niece of Stonewall in town. the same one who visited us in Parkersburg. the traffic in liquor is strictly prohibited there is not a glass of liquor to be had.  that is if you are a Soldier.  Citizens can get what they want.  when a Man becomes a Soldier it appears he ceases to be a Citizen, in some cases,  I got a Bogus bill in change I must try and get to town and exchange it.

Wednesday Nov 5th 62  About 11 o clock last night Whitmore a Private in our Co. shot off the forefinger of his right hand while on Guard  he says twas done accidentally.  the prevailing opinion is twas intentional.  he being very anxious [p 11. book 1] to get out of the Service.  he is a Man 6 feet high and stout as a bull, but a greater coward I never saw he has play'd the old Soldier and managed to keep on the Sick list almost all the time.  another Member of Co C. narrowly escap'd losing his hand through carelessnefs in handling his peice.  in the afternoon Orders were issued for 3 days rations to be cook'd and start tomorrow for  (R or B uc kon or tion) -- 28 Miles distant. got a pass and went to town  Geo Fell went with me.  got the bill exchanged went and saw Hen Lilligbridge.  he treated us to some Cigars.  Saw the Young Lady in Blue she was on foot.  she nodded and smiled at us as we pass'd she has the most expressive eyes. I ever saw may she get a husband worthy of her.  all the Boys say God Blefs her.  Met the Leunt Col as we were returning to Camp.  We saluted him; when he imparted to us the good tidings that we would not leave for at least a week or until we get our new Arms.  Enfiled Rifles and 14 Wagons to the Regt.  we were to have but 6 Bully for him.  it commenced to rain at 9 o clock and rain'd all night.  Met Davey Slack(?) in [p 12, book 1] town who took us to a house kept by J.E. Wilkinson when we got the last glass of Whisky, we can or wish to get, till we get home, got in just after drefs parade

Thursday Nov 6th 62  Went through the usual drill & Parade in the afternoon Geo Church arriv'd in Camp from Zville he had letters from Zville for quite a number of our Men amongst the rest one for me and such a letter not a word about the children or family or any particulars about the businefs I left in hand.  My letter from Parkersburg was rather short in fact when I wrote I felt dispirited  and unhappy because she did not come to see me before I left.  I may have written rather sharply.  If I did I feel sorry indeed.  he brought some Zville Papers.  I was pain'd to read of the death of my old friend & employer B. T. Whitaker.  he was an upright honest good Man.  A better Bofs never lived  he died in Cairo.  I often thought whilst there that it was no place for him.  delicate as he had been for a number of years.  but he is gone his failings (if any) leant to virtues side

Friday Nov. 7th 62  Went on guard at 9 oclock the first relief wrote home explained myself as regards the first letter I wrote. Oldham the Sutter went to Zville to day he took some letters.  Jim O'Hara wrote home.  Our Mefs club'd up and bought a Stove.  it is funnel'd shap'd and has no bottom.  we set it upon a raised hearth.  tis a comfortable affair and no mistake.  tis worth 3 times the Money.  when I went out on Guard at 9 it commenced to Snow and continued to snow all my trick.  when I turn'd out at 3 in the morning twas snowing like blazes and continued all the time I was on Guard.  whilst I was running to get on guard I slipt 3 or 4 times that with the running gave me the palpetation of the heart.  I stood out my trick went to the Tent and laid down.  when breakfast was ready took a Cup of Coffee.  felt sick enought went to the hos  pital to get something for my cold. told Hen Tucker what I wanted. he had nothing but Simple Syr of Squills.  The hospital is very poorly supplied how they expect to cure the Men of such severe colds I cannot tell.  they pay little attention to what they consider small matters but  much severe illnefs [p 13, book 1] will result if more attention is not paid.  continued colds will bring on lung fevers and other acute diseases.  If I am not mistaken

Saturday Nov. 8th 62  It has continued to snow heavily all day in consequence we have not drill'd or done any other duty.  we laid round in the Tents all day.  the Col. Major & Adjutants wife are on a Visit to Camp. To day we have commenced  Sol  dier life in earnest.  Fire wood being scarce the Col. told the Boys to charge on the Fences no sooner said than done.  Fences disappear'd in a twin  kling.  whole Cos. shoulder'd rails and put(?).  The Boys as a general thing thought a little fresh Pork would not go bad.  accordingly soon as it was dark 3 of our Mefs turnd out arm'd and equip'd with hatchet & Butcher knife.  they return'd in about an hour with 1/2 a hog.  the rest they gave to ano  ther Mefs who were with them.  We shall have fresh Meat for a few days.  the morality or honesty of the act I must not discuss.  the expediency of so --- I(?) or 66666 0 fully concur(? pencil underneath).  The Leut. of our Co was on guard.  he shut his eyes to the transaction  The Capt got past ---.  Our Cook is a very conscientious Man he will cook it, but will not eat it.

Sunday Nov. 9th 62  This morning when I gotup I felt very sick took a Cup of Coffee.  In about an hour after I vomited very severely notwithstanding, I had my gun to clean and turn out at inspection.  this morning  Chicken Turkey & Geese heads and feathers are laying all over Camp.  Pigs feet are to be met with at every step.  In fact there is every evidence that an extensive foraging expedi  tion was on foot last night.  about 9 o clock the Sun shone out beautifully.  the ground is still very muddy.  we bought 1/2 Bushel of Corn Meal we are going to have fri'd Mush for breakfast tomorrow  twas 60 cts a Bushel.  there was  10 of our Co on the sick list this morning.  there was was preaching in the after  noon, After preaching the Captain call'd all the Non Commission'd Officers(were call'd were call'd) over to the Capts Quarters.   he wish'd to assertain who had been on the hog buisiness.  as usual no one knew any thing about it.  I don't think he was very anxious. to ferret it out.  as he had a good chunk of it himself.  In the evening our Mefs were singing a few songs. to pass away the time  the Captain sent Leut. Black with the request that we would not sing any songs on Sunday evening. [p 14, book 1] a Soldier must obey so we dried up.  curses loud and deep were mutterd by the Boys.

Monday Nov. 10th 62  During the night it froze considerably  we have been drilling all day.  they are putting us through on the fast line.  wrote 2 letters for our Mefs.  Gen Washbrun was in camp today. he has gone to Columbus to see about the new arms for our Regt.  on drefs Parade the even  ing the Major spoke to the Capt of each Co in regard to the hog buisnefs.  he hoped nothing of the kind would occur for the future  In the evening 4 Germans from Co. D came into our Tent one of them had an accordion. in a few minutes the Tent was cram'd full.  they sang and play'd till tattoo we had a jolly time.  Our Mefs is call'd the happy family  Pase(?) why.  As Mark Tapley says, whats the hodds long as youse appy.  Charley Church is on the Sick list on account of his left arm.  it has been broken and never set right. The Col is in town sick with the Diorhea.

Tuesday Nov 11th 62  Slight frost during the night. Sun shone brightly all day.  at 10 o clock turn'd out on batillion drill.  the first time since we left Zville [p 15, book 1] we went through it first rate.  pass'd a miserible night. cough'd nearly all night.  Charley Church is quite as bad as me.  in that respect.  after dinner went to the hospital to get something for it.  all we could get was a little Dovers Powder.  Dam such a hospital. they care little for a common soldier after his is one in the ranks.

Wednesday Nov. 12th 62  Rose at 5 weather warm indication of rain.  commenced to rain about 6. D M --- our Quartermaster has been promoted to Aid on the staffof Gen Washburn.  the rails in the neighborhood of the Camp are fast disappearing  No letters yet. What is the reason, it cannot be that Mag [his wife] has not written.  This morning Charley Church brought into camp the largest Bullfrog I ever saw.  twas 13 inches long.  One of our Mefs skin'd it and eat it.  last evening one our Mefs Stein was put on double duty in heavy marching order.  his offence was refusing to serve his turn on guard.  Co I had the honor of having the last Men in the Guard house in Zville.  Corporal G. Fell Corporal Charley Church, Privates Mike Keeley & Tom Campbell [p 16, book 1] bully for Co.I.  I went out on batellion drill at 10 got in at 12.  when it commenced to rain and continued till 3 in the afternoon.  did not drill on account of the rain  wrote a letter for Mike to Dave sent a note to Mag.  Dr. Reamy has been appointed Brigade Surgeon  at roll call last night an order was read directing all Privates & Non Commission'd officers to deliver up to their Capts all Pistols Bowie knives and dirks(?)  those disobeying to have them confiscated.  another against pillaging and disorderly conduct generally.  the only unjust feature about it is making the Non Commision'dOfficers responsible if the culprit cannot be found.  that I consider unjust and arbitary.  but all military laws are imperative and arbitary.  the Justice or reason of them is often questionable

Thursday Nov. 13th 62  This morning was like early spring we now go on battellion drill every morning at 11 o clock and drill till 12.  10 of our Co. sent their names into the Capt. for the purpose of joining a Cavalry Co.  their names are sent to Brigade Headquarters then return'd to the Col of the Regt who hands it to the Recruiting Officer who picks out his Men. In the evening the long roll was beat and [p 17, book 1] bugle sounded in the Camps situated the other side of Clarksburg.  I could not assertain the cause, probably twas to accustom the Boys to turning out promptly.  15 Rebels were brought into town by a detachment of Cavalry they were captur'd about 16 Miles from here.  There is a 1000 rumors afloat in Camp as to our destination, tearing up the track some 20 Miles from here, bushwachers around and so on. lights were seen burning on the hill a short distance from Camp.  A squad went out and extingui  shed it no one was to be seen

Friday Nov 14th 62  On guard to day felt very unwell my cough is getting worse.   at 1 O clock we got Marching orders the 110th 122d & 14th Va all go together.  the 14th Va started this morning.  when the order was received the Boys made the welkin ring.  The rations came into Camp about 5 Oclock.  the cooks were up nearly all night cooking rations.  we are to start by 9 Oclock in the morning  I expect it will be far advanced in the day before we get off.  went on guard at 6 was oblidged to be re  leived.  got a Dovers Powder went to my Tent and laid down.  during the day wrote to Mag. wrote 6 or 7 letters for men in our Mefs.  Sent 7 letters to Zville by Col Ball's wife [p 18, book 1]

Saturday Nov. 15th 62  By 4 Oclock this morning the camp was all astir.  pass'd a bad night cough'd incessantly drank a cup of Coffee pack'd knapsack fill'd haver  sack with Beef Pork & Crackers, and best of all a chicken did not feel much like traveling.  Our destination is Cumberland, Md.  Thank Fortune we are leaving the God accursed soil of Va. Every one in Camp said Amen.  when they learn'd we were to go East. at 10 Oclock we march'd down to the R.R. just at the edge of Camp and exchanged our worthlefs French Rifles for the Enfield.  A neat right handy Arm.  compared to those we had.  About 12 bade goodbye to Clarksburg we had but 18 in our car so that we were pretty comfortable we confiscate  some bran fodder, spread it on the bottom of theCar and slept comfortably all night.  Just before sundown got to Grafton  tis a pretty little town, entirely surrounded by hills.  the Big & Little Monongohala here form a junction.  the RR Shop is built of hewn Stone.  tis as nice a shop as I have seen.  there is  several Zville Men working there but we had not time to see them.  the Scenery through the portion of Country we pass'd before it was dark was rough and broken in the extre  me.  it follow'd the course of the River the River bottoms [p 19, book 1] is cover'd with immense boulders that seem to have been subject to the action of fire.  during the night we pass'd through Oakland Roulsburg Peidmont.  At Roulsburg the Col got a dispatch that we were to stop at NewCreek.  arrived at New Creek at 3 in the morning staid in the Cars till daylight in the morning.

Sunday nov. 16th 62  Formed into line and pitch'd tents along side of our old Comrades the 110th Ohio.  We had only had our Tents pitch'd about an hour or so when we were order'd to strike tents and move about a 1/4 of a Mile.  the reason, the slaug  hter house was situated within a few yards from which proceeded a most intolerable stench.  ptich'd Tents again went on a hunt for wood.  then for straw which was confiscated before we got there. a squad then went for leaves, 40 rounds of catridge were distributed to each Man.  that begins to look like buisi  nefs.  we have  a 1000 rumors in Camp as to the movements of Stonewall.  some saying he is within 18 some(?) 30 others 40 his forces range from 18 to 40 thousand according to the imagination of the narrator.  the impression seems to be that [DELETED BY MISTAKE] s surrounded and cannot retreat without passing through here. If he does I think he will be -a-d (?) at last.  [p 20, book 1] The regments at present here are the 23d Ill. Col. Mulligan of Lexington fame he Commander of the Post the 14 & 15 Va 110 &122 Ohio 106 N.Y. Ringolds Cavalry.  Roricks Battery attached to Mulligans  there is a fort in course of erection Fort Fuller is the name.  there is 2 Seige Guns 25 Pounders range 5 Miles and one 6 Pounder when completed  I suppose a number more guns will be planted.  the view from the Fort is the most splendid that ever met my view. hills and Mountains raise them  selves in a perfect amphitheatre.  several of them 7 & 800 feet.  One in particular call'd Pea Nut Ridge towers far above the rest.  the Mountains  although late in the Season are green as spring.  the Laurel, spr  uce & Pine is the principal Timber here.  After dark the Woods presented a grand appearance being fired in 5 or 6 places.  I enjoy'd the sight, but cursed the vandal hand that would destroy these grand old Woods. The Peak on which Fremont planted his cannon is in plain view of the Camp. Stonewall Jackson skedadale in double quick soon as a few shells fell about his ears.  along the route from Clarksburg hear the feelings of the people were decidedly Union.  At almost every house we were cheer'd, [p 21, book 1]

Monday Nov 17th 62  Rose at 5 Oclock after breakfast 8 of our Co. started for the Maidens Rock some call it the Lovers Rock.  it rises to the height of 650 feet.  tis a most romantic looking place.  The rocks are split and rent(as though at some distand period further back than even that well known individual the oldest inhadebant can remember) as if by somedreadful earthquake.  the ascent to the top was a toilsome affair, but it fully repaid us.  far as the eye could reach were a sucession of Mountains  Men in Camp loo'd like little boys horses like Newfoundland dogs, the Brass Band of the 106 N.Y. were playing.  the Music sounded beautiful on the top of the Mountain.  I went to the extreme edge and sat down with my legs hanging over the edge twas fearful to look down.  One of the Caverns extend 50 Or 60 feet when it narrows sothat you have to crawl on your belly.  A stringent order was read at roll call last night against pillage. Private Brofs(?) Co A 106 N.Y. has been sentenc'd to have one side of his head shaved and march'd thought each Regt of the Brigade with a placard mark'd plunder  er on his back for the space of one week [p 22, book 1] The 1st Va Bat. Co B arrived this morning 6 peices  Several of the Boys dug up small Sprice Pines which have been planted opposite our Tents  they make a nice appearance. it rain'd at intervals all day  drill'd in the afternoon on some of the roughest ground we have drill'd on yet. Leut. Numire's wife came here this morning. she brought parcels for some of our boys.  she brought word that Mike's box had been forwarded.  Capt. Gary's wife is here  she met him at Grafton.  the Major has appointed Mike Regimental Shoe Maker.

Tuesday Nov. 18th 62  Slept little last night from pain in my toes and ankles.  I have suffered more or lefs for the last week from the same cause the 116 Ohio 10th Va & the Wheeling Battery Capt. Carlin 6  12 Hsers(?) arrived last night.  went down to the Ex Office, no box still no letter 6 or 7 came to our Co last night.  how I long to hear from home.  they are never  absent from my mind.  The first detail for Picket was made this morning 1 man from each Co.  Jackson was detail'd from our Co 4 were detailed for fatigue duty to work on the fortifications. Mike Keeley Tusker(?) King  No 1 & 2(?) each Man gets 2 jiggers [p 23, book 1] of Whisky a day. Mike says it is right into his Mits(?) Co. A. Capt Peach have gone on a Scouting expedition for 3 days.  they took Camp Kettles and 3 days rations Generals Millroy & Washburn are both here.  Gardner one of our  Mefs has been appointed Wagon Master to our Co. tis a good selection.  he is one of the most trustworthy Men in our Co.  he is from Pleasant Valley.  it rain'd nearly all day.

Wednesday Nov. 19th 62  Pass'd a poor night from the pain in my feet.  reported myself on the sick list.  the Doc gave me 10 drops of Fluid E(scil or xil)conite and 1  grains of Opium to be taken at bed time. the examination of  patients is the ---farce this side of hell.  I look'd over the Rx book Satls Blue Mass Opium Quinine and Castor Oil is the Stock in trade.  I forgot the neverfailing Compound, C. Pills.  Stick our your tounge, how is your bowels, are you subject to fits, you the (pantods, fantoos?) did your Grandmother die of Spasms, give him a dose of Salts, or Castor Oil and let him rip, such is the routine.  The 9 & 10th Va 87th Penn and 116 Ohio.  The 87 Penn has been on the march 11 days they look'd tired and worn and dirty they look'd hard.  the 9th Va. are in a similar condition. [p 24, book 1]

Thursday Nov. 20th 62  Slept little all night pain in my feet much worse  Excused from duty.  last night at role call nearly every man in our Co. got a letter but me.  I felt bad.  the Mefs condoling with me. I feel it much, they will begin to think.   Mag cares little for me.  I feel certain tis not her fault.  the fault lays with some of the Dam'd Postmasters. Blast him, I wish I could reach him with my Enfield, the 3d&12th Va arrived during the night.  it rain'd all night.  But the sun shone out all day.  wrote several letters for the Boys.  quite a number in our Co. cannot either read or write.  One of Mulligan's Brigade broke his leg yesterday.  he slip'd of the RR on to a rock his soldiering is finished.  About 7 Oclock the 87th Penn. serenaded Col Mulligan. they had transparencies and torch lights, and a high time generally.  The Col spoke a few parting words.  the 87th was with him in Lexington.  I was to lame or I would have gone and seen the fun.  One of the Regt or rather a portion of it broke into a store and clean'd it out.  Millroy had the Regt drawn up in line and search's their knapsacks & tents.  Met Bob Irwin that used to peddle for(?) Grigsbys(?) he is in the 123d Ohio.  Co. F.  he looks ruggr'd and hearty.  He enlisted in Sandusky. [p 25, book 1]

Friday Nov. 21st 62  Pass'd a poor night suffer'd considerably  all night.  went to the horse Pistol as the Boys call it and got the same old thing.  In the afternoon I help'd to clean out the tent.  A squad went into the Woods and cut down several Sprice trees we stripd of the leaves for a bed.  it has a sweet aromatic smell.  One of the 110th died yesterday. In the evening the Sergeant Major (Wheeler of Zville) return'd to Camp he brought a large box fill'd with the good things of this life to the Boys of Co I & A.  There was great rejoicing therat. tis not the value but tis from home. it gives a zest to it that no other posseses.  Tobacco was a staple commodity, twas the most highly prized of anything that came.  Piles of letters came by the same hand but none for me.  Wrote a letter to John King for Mike. wrote another letter home.  laiddown at 6 Oclock could not hold out any longer.  felt depress'd in spirits every one of our Mefs receiving tokens of remembrance and letters from home but me.

Saturday Nov. 22d 62  Pass'd a most miserable night worse than ever.  did not sleep scarcely an hour.  weather changed rather cold. Sun shining but cold wind.  A death occur'd in the 110th Ohio another in the 106 N.Y. they are the only [p 26, book 1] deaths that I heard of since we came here.  The Artillery have been practicing to day 2 officers brought in and taken to headquarters. The Cavalry  have been scouting for the last 3 days.  they found no enemy within 50 Miles of here they brought in a rebel Scout & 2 horses rather slender pickings for a 3 days Scout.  Wrote home to day again.  The whol of the troops station'd here were review'd this afternoon by Gen Millroy.  twas a beautiful sight  seen from the Fort.  So they say who saw it.  I was to lame to walk that far.  Milligans Brigade pass'd by on par ade they bore the Green Flag of Erin which floated so proudly at Lexington. tis half shot away and full of bullet holes.  they feel justly proud of it. just astaps was sounded for lights out the long expected letter from home arrived. I could not get to read it till morning.

Sunday Nov. 23d 62  Soon as it was light enought I open'd the letter and read it.  I was glad to read it yet sorry at  some of the items.  Chunk has ---- ----Katy's laying sick in Philladelphia.  Mag is very low spirited and still reproaches me.  She says she cries constantly.  I thought she had more fortitude, but she feels our separation more [p 27, book 1] --- than she has e ver done before, tis but natural situated as she is, but I hope and trust she will get over it as bravely as she has done before.  Co. inspection this morning.  Rhumatism no better weather cold with a sprinkle of snow.  it did not  lay on the ground long.  Wrote home, Our Mefs went to the top of the highest mountain this afternoon.  then could see a distance of 50 miles.  the Alleghaneys could be dimly see in the distance.  In the tent all day could scarcely get  round.

Monday Nov. 24th,62  Slept little during the night suffer'd more pain than I have done since it attack'd me.  I think I will apply for a pass to the hospital.  laying on the cold ground will never cure me. went to the Doctor but could not get liberty to go to the hospital. A circuit Preacher came into Camp last evening and reported a band of gerillas about 21 Miles from here.  A co ofthe 123 went out by RR this morning to look after them.  To day is a white days in our calander.  We got Sibley Tents.  they are the best tents in use.  We have now 17 inour Mefs and have plenty of room. Henderson went and bought straw enought for(?) the whole of us.(?)  There is not a Regt. in the Service better (whole line gone) [p 28, book 1]

Tuesday 25th Nov. 62.  Seffered very much during the night. Just after breakfast Dr. Reamy came into  the tent to see me, he looked over my journal for a little while, and told me to come up to his tent at 10 o'clock.  When he came in he asked me to write him a letter or two.  I sat down and was kept writing till evening.  Just as I was leaving he told me to come up in the morning when he would detail me for his orderly.  So at last my luck has turned.  I shall learn all about my duties and what is expected of me tomorrow.

Wednesday, 26th Nov. 62  Passed a little better night.went up to the Doctors quarters.  he told me he had detailed me as his orderly.  he said he would do his best for me.  As he took a good deal of interest in my welfare.  My pay altogether will amount to 20 or 22 Dols. per Month.  He is well pleased with me.  I shall study to retain his good opinion. Thank Fortune I am at last rid of drill guard and all other - - - - - - - duty.  I truss(?) up all my traps from the tent I now mefs with the Surgeon Ast Surg Chaplin and a Steward.  I cannot say but I felt sorry to leave the mefs. Mike is glad in one respect and sorry in another, things will come [p 29, book 1] out all right yet I hope.  Mike got a letter this evening dated the 24th in which Mag says she would to hear from me.  I have written at least 10 letters since I left home and have had but 1 by mail. Weather cold with high wind.

Thursday Nov 27th 62  Pass'd a tolerable night, but still cannot get on my Boots  The first death in the Regt. occur'd last night. Frame, a Member of Co. E disease acute inflamation of the brain. he resided at Campbell's Station on the CORR his father is expected to day he was about 19 years of age.  About 12 Oclock today John Casebier a member of CO. D. died from inflamation of the brain.  he resided near Coshocton.  After Supper the Officers from the Brigade serenaded Gen. Millroy.  Chaplin McCabe as usual taking the leading part.  They report enjoying themselves, hugely.  After the singing Wine was introduced when all went merry as a marriage bell.  The Chaplin is a strict Temperance Man he had the Moral courage to say No, though often press'd by officers of the highest rank.  I honour him for his fortitude.  He says he never had such strong temptations in his life.  this is true heroism.  2 Cos of the 3d Va Cav arrived this morning and encamp'd near us. they are from Wheeling another Co is on the way [p 30, book 1] The Camp to day has worn the appearance of Sunday No duty being perform'd.  The thanksgiving dinners were slim.  We had stew'd oysters for dinner that being all we could get.  Sat up till the Mail came in, still no letter wrote to Mr. Guinen(?).

Friday Nov 28th 62  Felt a little better this morning.  During the day the Doc fix'd up a desk and straightend things up generally.  he says he takes a fit of that kind about every 6 months.  the 1st Va Inft pass'd through.  I did not learn where they were going.  Frame's body was sent home by Exprefs this morning  Casebier was buried this afternoon at 2 Oclock.  after supper got a letter from Mag of a most desponding character. she accuses me of being the most unfeeling Man she ever knew and begs of me to come home.  how little she knows about the matters.  She thinks I have only to ask for discharge and it will be granted.  She is very fretful and uneasy.  I have done all I could in my letters to make her mind easy.  She says she cannot bear our separation.  She takes it very hard indeed.  I will write a long letter to her in the morning and try to reconcile her as well as I can.  [p 31, book 1]

Saturday Nov. 29th 62  Rose at 6.  during the night it snow'd some little, wrote home to Mag, did a little writing.  No drill to day.  Boys cleaning up for Inspection tomorrow.  The 1st Va. that pass'd throught here on Thursday contain'd but 370 rank and file.  When they started out they number'd 1100.  they have been in 5 engagements kill'd wounded & disease have thus thinn'd their ranks.  Coates, a Zanesville Boy is in the Regt. he stopt off the train as it pass'd through to see his friends.  I did not see him.  he has so far escap'd without a wound.

Sunday Nov. 30th 62  Rose at 6 weather delightful. Sun shone brightly all day.  Inspection commenced at 10 and lasted about 2 hours.  a great improvement on the last. Co I were awarded the praise of having the cleanest accoutrements best pack'd knapsacks and cleanest Tent in the Regt.  Mefs No 1 was especial commended by both the Major & Col for its neatness.  Bully for our Mefs.  In the afternoon Bill Humphrey & Fritz from Zanesville visited us.  they are working at Peidmont in the B. & O. R.R. Shop. there is 8 Zville men working there  Mr. Crosby was to unwell or he would have come down to see me.  Fritz is going home in the morning.  I sent a letter by him.  he took quite a number for the Boys [p 32, book 1] In the afternoon a descent was made upon the Sutter Store of the 123d Ohio.  it leak'd out that he was selling the Anoint(?) to the Boys. A guard was detail'd and a search instituted, which results in the finding of a considerable amount. which was speedily confiscated for the benefit of the various hospitals in our Brigade.  Tis well. I say Amen.

Monday Dec. 1st 62  As we were sitting at breakfast this morning a member of Co. A came riding posthaste for Dr. Reamy a Man having shot himself.(C. A is still on picket duty.)  the Docter started immediately but before he got there he was dead.  the ball having enter'd the breast coming out at the shoulder blade his name was Fulkerson from Nr Zville on the Mar rietta Road he was quite a young Man.  Gen Millroy sent 3-1/2 Gal Rye Whisky & 4 bottles of Wine to Dr. Reamy  for the use of the hospitales of the Brig. being part of what was confiscated from the Sutter of the 123d Ohio. Mike, G. Fell & Jim O'Hara came into the Tent this evening  they  had been to Peidmont  they enjoy'd themselves first rate.  Mr. Crosby is anxious to see me. I would much like to see him [p 33, book 1]

Tuesday Dec. 2d 62  The body of young Fulkerson was sent home by Ex. on the morning train  Leut Numire accompanied it on the same train were 3 more of our Regt on sick leave one of them John Good Co. A was very low.  the Docter did not think he would live to get to his home Taylorsville.  Dr. Mason of Duncans Falls came for him poor fellow I hope they will soon get well.

Wednesday Dec 3d 62  Felt a little better of the Rhumatism.  finish'd Monthly & Weekly Rep.  Oh the red tape, tis an awful bore wrote two discharges for Members of the Bat. D. 1st Va Art belonging to our Brig.  Dr. Reamy has been rather unwell today a touch of the dyptheria he thinks.  Geo Barkester is going home in the morning.  A foraging expedition of 20 Wagons accompanied by 400 Men from different Regts inthe Brig starts out at 4 O clock tomorrow morning.  the Boys will have some fun I bet you.  several of the Regts had marching orders struck tents and ready for ----(off?) when the order was countermanded and they had to pitch tents again.  that sort of thing disheartens the Boys.  Mail did not arrive this evening.  some accidents on the Road.

Thursday Dec 4th 62  Mail arrived about 8 O clock got a letter from home dated Dec 1st, the same day as I wrote my last, tis but a repitition of the 2 former ones.  the whole [p 34, book 1] tenor of it come home come home.  She is unreasonable she knows not that she asks what is impossible in my last I said all I could on the subject.  such letters make me miserable  Kate I am glad to hear is better.  Took some reports to HeadQuarters Gen Millroy was in the room.  he is a heavy built man.  I should judge about 50 years of age sandy Whiskers, grey head, keen looking eyes.  his whole appearance denotes firmnefs and decision of character.  Gen Clusoret was in conversation with him.  he is a splended looking Man.(he is a Frenchman, every inch a Soldier.  he wears no beard, but has a heavy black mustache.  he was drest in a suit of light drab cut in Military style with high boots. he is the finest looking Officer I have seen.  Our Battery has been practicing shell practice this afternoon.  A  portion of Ringolds Cavalry assisted by part of the 1st Va. Cavalry had a brush with some Rebel Cav. at Moorfield 40 Miles from here.  the captur'd 16 horses and accoutrements and took 9 prisoners who are confined in the Stone house here.  tis a little singular that one of the prisoners built the house in which he is now a prisoner.

Friday Dec.5th 62  Rose at 6 today there was general inspection.  Major Steinbeck who now hold's a Leut [p 35, book 1] Col commission in the U.S.A. inspected us.  he was Major in a Cavalry Regt in the English service for 30 years.  he is a grey headed old man, with snow white moustache and goate he walks rather stoop'd and feeble.  he gave Co I the praise of having the cle  anest Arms and quarters in all the Regts he saw About 5 Oclock the order came that we were to march in the morning at 1/2 past 6 our destination is Petersburg Va.  The boys were told we were only going to Rominy 22 Miles from here.  the Doc told me the true route they did not wish them to know lest the enemy might find out our movements.  about 8 Oclock got a letter from Mag.  a most cheering one.  she wrote in a hopeful strain.  she is more reconciled.  I laid down to rest happier and more composed in mind than I have done since I left home.  answer'd her letter instanter After supper the Dispensary was crowded by appli  cants to be excused from marching had he excused all that wanted 1/2 the Regt would have to be left about 50 were excused.

Saturday Dec. 6th  The drums beat at 1/2 past 4 in a few minutes all was life and bustle.  look'd out of the tent the snow was falling fast.  it snow'd nearly all night with high [p 36, book 1] wind.  I thought several times during the night that the tent would blow over. one tent in Co. C. did blow over.  the weather being so unfavorable twas thought the order would have been countermanded, but no. about 1/2 past 7 the order strike Tents came.  I pack'd all the Med in the Dispensary then struck tents and oh what a job just as we commenced the heaviest snow storm with high wind set in that it was ever my fortune or misfortune to be exposed to.  In the midst of it the band struck up and the Regt. fellin. I was but about 60 rds from them, so dense was the snow that the men could not be distinguish'd the Regt lookd an immense black serpent dragging its weary length along.  my heartaches for the  Boys.  There never was a Regt, I think, that ever started on their first march on foot under such unauspicious cir  cumstances. I fear a good many will give in before night  Just as we were about to start Dr. Reamy received an order from Gen. Washburne that he was to stay here with the other portion of the Brig.  so I stay with him.  very good.  about 12 Oclock the snow ceased entirely and the Sun shone out brightly.t will cheer up the Boys.  the restof the day was employ'd looking after the sick and fixing up a wall Tent for a dispensary.  Darknefs came on [p 37, book 1] before it was finish'd.  Capt Gordon is left in charge of the Sick, as Q.M. & Commisary he is the right man in the right place.  he is very kind the Boys are much attach'd to him.  slept in Capt Gordons Tent the Doc slept with Washburne.

Sunday Dec. 7, 62  Got up about 7.  the Doc made a requisition for medicines. (the other Med have gone forward with the Regt) fitt'd up a drug Store on a small scale in our Tent. fid'd up the Stove went down to the Depot and sent one of our sick to Genl Hos  pital Cumberland Ma. Our Regt is temporailly detach'd from Washburn's Brig. and attach'd to Cluseretts Brig. the 9 & 10 Va 87th Penn & 122d Ohio. just as the Regt was moving off word was brought from the Hospt that Taylor of Co H had died, cause Scrofula, his brother belonging to the same Co took his body home this morning.  today has been intensely cold.  an old resident of this valley says it has not been so cold at this season for 20 Years. heard from the Regt they march'd 13 miles and then pitch'd Tents, built a sleeping bunk the docter and I slept comfortable with one Blanket below and 3 above besides our overcoats.

Monday Dec. 8th 62  To day boarded the floor of the Tent. tis now snug as needs be.  dealt out the dose to the Boys  wrote home to Mag.  weather much milder  [p 38, book 1] Capt. Peters of the 110th return'd this evening from a 2 weeks scout.  he was in St. George Tucker Co. where he went to straighten up the Sesch.  he levied a tax of 3000 dol and what is better collected it & 7 horses a lot of Squirrel Guns and other fixins they left 16 sick behind them, mostly measles tis a strong Sesch hole.

Friday, Dec. 12th 62  Commenced to lead up about 8 Oclock, did not get under way till 11 Oclock  the Sick squad started about 9 under chage of Gordons Orderly Serjeant(?)  the train consisted of 5/4 horse teams loaded with Commisary & Medical Stores.  call'd at the Adams Ex Office and took 2 boxes in the Medical Wagon for the Chaplin there is about 20 boxes large and small still there the train that Numire was going to send them by did not start to day so they have to be left behind just as we starting, we got orders to report at Rominy when we will join our Regt I cannot tell.  Capt Gordon Capt Farquer, Leut Numire & Leut Harris came along with us, when 4 miles on the road one of the Wagons broke down which detain'd us about 1/2 an hour.  the road follow'd New Creek for about 6 Miles.  when we [p 39, book 1] cross'd it and took the Winchester Pike. tis a splendid road in good condition.  pass'd through Ridgeville a small place.  about 5 got to Burlington where we met the Doc he having rode forward and over took the Boys, 3 or 4 of whom rode his horse in turn for 6 Miles he carried a knapsack and gun.  found our Boys encamp'd on the other side of a small creek. Pattersons a Sick Squad of the 87th were encamp'd next to them they took posession of a large barn and lent our Boys 2 Sibley Tents.  Our Boys had no tents along we found here the 12th Va 116th & 123d Ohio.  headquarters were establesh'd in a large brick house opposite the Camp.  tis the finest house I have seen since I have been in Va.  how such a fine house came to be built in the section I cannot imagine  after supper went over to H. Quarters where I heard several good songs sang.  One of the 12th Va. accidently shot himself.  the ball enterd the back and came out at his navel.  the Doc went to see him.  he says he will recover  the country throught which we pass'd today improved very much in appearance.  there being more level land, and the houses were of a better clafs than any I have seen since we left Parkersburg [p 40, book 1]

Saturday Dec. 13th 62 Rose about 7 did not feel at all stiff as I thought I should have after our 15 Mile tramp yesterday.  Capt Dumot & his clerk & the Doc started for Petersubrg just after breakfast. they go to see Gen. Millroy and find out what he intends to do.  we are orderd to stay here we are still 13 Mils from Rominy.  in the forenoon pitch'd our Tent near the Hospital Wagon.  Bauers and I take pos  sion of it until the Doc returns.  The sick Boys are a good deal better the tramp did them good.  There is great  rejoicing amongst the Va Regts in this Section on account of the admission of Western Va. as a New State.  the Camp is full of rumors as to the movement of troops and battles being fought.  I have ceased to give credence to all such rumors, not one in 50 having any foundation in truth.  the weather today and yes  terday has been like May, the 110th came in about dark. Gen Washburn arrived during the afternoon, r Teams from this Brigade went out on a foraging expedition that return'd loaded with  Corn Oats & hay, the whole of it was confiscated from Rebels, the boys bought in several chickens & Turkeys.  the Sick Squad of the 87th Penn. confiscated 4 Turkeys (large ones) [p 41, book 1] and several chickens.  They are a hard lot.  The Reg has a hard name for picking up small things.

Sunday Dec. 14th 62  Rose at 6, about 10 Oclock the Sick squads from the various Regts(the 122d Ohio 87th Penn & 9 & 10th Va in all numbering 120 Men) started for Petersburg.  they had 3 wagons to carry knapsacks and the Sick that could not walk. Chriss Bauers staid with me. Gen Washburn dined over with the 116th.  he miss'd it as Harrison Marshall got up a bully dinner Turkey Potatoes boil'd & Bak'd beans Apple Sauce preserved Peaches and other things to numerous to mention twas the best dinner I have had since I left home.  Bully for him. Andy Stulz A.Q.M. of our Regt came into camp about 1/2 past 6 he starts for New Creek in the morning he will bring the horses from the Ex Office if he can get a Wagon.  he met the Sick Squad about 11 Miles on their way  Harrison and some of the Boys confiscated(that the word in the army for taking things without leave) a hog weighing about 100 lbs. twas a bald trick. they kill'd and skin'd it within 60 yrds of Gen Washburns headquarters, by the light of a rousing pitch pine fire.  thats the way it goes.  [p 42, book 1]

Monday Dec. 15th 62 110th Ohio & 12th Va started for Petersburg this morning at 7.  the 12th are a rough looking set of fellows.  A young man residing about 4 miles from here belonging to a good Union family stop'd opposite the Camp of the 123d Ohio with Apples Hickory Nuts 2 Turkeys & several chickens eggs etc.  they deliberately went up to the Wagon and in lefs than 5 minutes stole ever thing he had.  when he remonstrated with them they threaten'd to take his horse & wagon.  The Col of the Regt was standing bye, he did not say a word in condemnation, such conduct is not calculated to make friends for the Union cause.  soon as Gen Washburn heard of it, he order'd all the men to quarters.  An old man of the Union stripe call's on Washburn and told him of a Preacher  residing a short distance from here who when the Rebels were in possession here stole his horse and kept him confined until released by the Union troops.  Washburn enquired if he was still a Sesch.  he answer'd yes.  the Gen. then enqui  red if he had much hay or corn on hand, he said he had.  tomorrow the Gen will send out Wagons and confiscate everything that will be useful to the Army.  So much for being a secessionist. [p 43, book 1] The Doc return'd about 4 O clock. he brought some letters but none for me.  wrote to Mag.  the Wagon return'd from New Creek.  they brought all the boxes.  wont the Boys be glad.  the Doc got one fill'd with chickens(cook'd) pound cake sweet cakes Apples home made bread etc. etc.  they open'd it over at Headquarters and had a good blow out, in which I play'd a prominent part.

Tuesday Dec. 16th 62  About 12 Oclock last night it commenced to blow great guns accompanied with heavy rain.  the storm lasted about 1-1/2 hours.  the Tent next to us was blown down.  ours narrowly escaped.  about 6 of the pegs gave way but it weather'd the Storm.  in the 111th & 123d about 25 blew down.  such a scene of confusion is seldom witnefs'd. Men struggling to put up their tents again in the most pitchy darknefs. Guards were placed round the Camp this afternoon to prevent the Boys from foraging.  some of them have been guilty of killing cattle, cutting off a quarter and leaving the rest to rot in the field.  Language is scarcely strong enough to exprefs my condemnation of such conduct, were the troops suffering for provisions there would be some excuse, but we have everything the Gov. allows, which is sufficient for any man [p 44, book 1] the weather today has been cool with occassional snow storms, but very slight.  for 5 days previous the weather was warm as June.  at 8 Oclock this evening we got orders to march at 7 in the morning for Petersburg.  I am glad of that we will be with our Regt. again.  the Wagon Master confiscated a fine horse from the Preacher.  tis fortunate we leave in the morning or he would have suffer'd.

Wednesday Dec. 17th 62  Pack'd up and got on the way by 1/2 past 8.  the country through which we pass'dtoday has improved very much in appearance  we pass'd several fine brick houses.  the farms are much superior to any I have seen, since I came into the Section.  100s of acres of Timothy & clover remains uncut all along the route.  About 1 Oclock we stop'd to feed and lighted a fire for the purpose of making a little coffee. it commenced to snow heavily and continued for about 2 hours  we encamp'd about 4 Oclock pitch'd tents and got supper, got a lot of Straws.  the 116 & 123 encamped about 1/2 a mile a head of us, Washburn, mortley Ballara & the Docter staid at a farm house opposite the Camp. I walk'd all the way [p 45, book 1] about 15 Miles.  one of the boys with our train went into a yard and stole 2 chickens.  the woman came out and took them from him.  they were good Union people and had a Union flag flying.  We saw several Union flags on the road, such conduct makes us more enimies than anything else, twill take years to eradicate the ill feeling which such conduct engenders

Thursday Dec. 18th  62  The teamsters got up about 4 Oclock and fed the horses got breakfast and started by 7 Oclock.  stop'd 5 Miles from Petersburg and fed.  made  some Coffee.  Chris & I eat our dinner on the top of a fence a smooth rail serving as a table and a splinter of a rail for a spoon.  pass'd the pickets 1 Mile fromtown.  they were from our Co. just as we pass'd the Camp Co. I was marching out to go onPicket. they had their  tents and everything along.  drove down to Gen. Millroys Head Qr. saw the Doc.  had the Hospt Stores, brough up to the Regt.  pitch'd the wall Tent and moved the traps in.  almost the first sight I saw when I went into town was 3 Sesch prisoners brought in and put in the Guard house.  the weather has been [p 46, book 1] fine but cool.  it froze harder last night than it has done this year.  got my parcel.  the vest is just thething to keep me warm during the winter the n'kercheifs very nice, and best of all. some sm  oking Tob. why I did  not get the Boots I cannot tell as there was no note enclosed.  the 116th & 123d are encamped near us

Friday Dec. 19, 62 Did not get up till late this morning during the forenoon  fixed up the desk andthings generally.  as we were eating dinner the drums beat the long roll.  the Regts were under arms and in line of battle in 10 minutes.  Dr. Houston went to head quarters to see what was the matter.  the Scouts hadcome in and reported that Imboden's cavalry were in the neighborhood and intended attacking us the Ambulance was got in readinefs.  Stretcher strap'd on, Field Case etc. etc. in about 2 hours we got orders to un hitch.  extra pickets and scouts were orderd out.  day before yesterday the Leut. Col of the 12th Va was captur'd between here and Moorfield 15 Miles distant.  one of the 2d Va Cavalry went in pursuit of the Rebel and after a hard tussle inwhich he lost his own horse, returnd to Camp [p 47, book 1] with the Rebel as a prisoner and the Leut Col horse.  17 Sesch prisoners were sent to Camp Chase under heavy guard.  the women of Petersburg cried most lustily as they were march'd throught town  this is a most infernal Sesch town.  in fact there is nothing else in the Section.  a little after dark McNab return'd from Moorfield with the Ambul  ance, bringing as a passenger a Frenchman who left Richmond on Thursday Week.  he travele'd thro the mountains and struck our lines a short dis  tance from Moorfields.  he represents matters as in a desperate condition Sugar 1.25 box 100 Cigars 25 cts an ordinary horse sells 750 dols. Salt is not to be hadat any price.  the Soldiers getting only 1/2 rati  ons every other day.  there was but 2000 Nigro troops left in Richmond.  when Fredricksburg was attack'd he says Richmond once taken the war is ended as everything they have is centr'd there.  Beef & Flour they have plenty of, but everything else is scarce.  he leaves in the morning for New York.  Thence for La Belle France  he is a teacher of Languages.  he has  left $5000 worth of property behind him.  he staid with Genl. Millroy to whom he made a present of a saddle of venison [p 48, book 1]

Saturday Dec. 20th 62  To day made out the Weekly reports etc. got orders to move to Moorfields, to move without Tents, commenced to get ready, when the order was coun  termanded, expect tomove to morrow, wrote to Mag tonight is agloomy one in Camp.  the news of Burn  sides defeat was brought into Camp by the Chaplin the report is that we have lost 13,055 killd & wounded and 800 prisoners.  tis horrible to think of, the bleeding hearts of Fathers, Mothers & Sisters.  there is in our poor distress'd country.  who shall or can comfort them in their deep distrefs. Oh that this cursed rebel  lion was once crush'd and our country once more restord to peace

Sunday Dec 21st 62 Rose early. weather during the night cold.  Ice this morning 1/2 an inch thick.  stripp'd and bath'd all over.  have made a point ever since I left home to bathe in tepid water at least once a week.  and put on clean underclothing  The Captain of Co E return'd to day from a 3 days scout in his rambles he came acrofs the blacksmiths Shop where Emboden stop'd 2 days to get his horses shod.  went out to Co I who are on Picket about 1 Mile from town.  took supper with them they are [p 49, book 1] encamped in a very pretty place.  just as I left orders were received to cook 1 days rations and take 5 days rations uncook'd in their Mefs Chests.  Knapsacks are to be left, twill be a forced march to morrows des tination Moorfields 11 Miles distant there is some thing in the wind, I will not know till morning whe  ther I  will go or not.  Tis rumor'd in Camp that McLellan has been recall'd to the command of the Army another rumor is that we lost but 500 at Frederick  false as bulletien is as true now as it was in the days of the First Napoleon.

Monday Dec. 22d 62  The Regt left here about 8 Oclock. I stay with the Sick there is about 50 left.  they are not all on the list (Sick) but still not well enough for to stand a forced march.  the Chaplin went along, tis a beautiful day for marching.  fixed up the dispensary.  they took a good many of the things with them.  There are 8 Sick in the hospital, (all measles) amongst the rest is Gus box, a son of Ez. T. box of Zanesville.  No mail to night I feel anxious I would like to hear from home.  The 116th & 123d are still here  Co E of the 116th return'd to Camp this evening from a Scout they took 33 prisoners.  10 they parol'd they being Union [p 50, book 1] men who had been prest into the service. the rest they brought into Camp. one of the rebels in attempting to escape was shot. another severly wounded.  one of them is a Leut. belonging to Jackson Army.  he was hunting up conscripts and deserters from the rebel army.  they were all taken within 15 Miles of here.  we sustain'd no lofs

Tuesday Dec. 23d 62  Did not get up till late. in the dispensary all day.  about dinner time Ira Billman, who came into the Hospt yesterday morning, became delerious cause inflamation of the brain.  he continued to rave and moan for about 3 hours. applied Ice to his head and gave him some Calomel a Rhu(?). towards night he improved a little.  I hope he will get well.  he stood a slim chance if he had not improved.  the report in Camp to day is that Emboden captur'd our Wag Train 30 Miles above Moorfields.  when our troops went in pursuit and retook it our lofs was 6 wounded

Wednesday Dec. 24th  To day has been a most beautiful day. sun shining all day.  the men are going about in their shirt sleeves. Billman is much better this morning.  went down to the town, to the Shoemakers, took a ramble round.  there is about a dozen good brick houses in it [p 51, book 1] the rest are all tumble down frames of Logs.  there is one Tavern in the cellar of which the Sesch prisoners are confined.  tis a ramshackel Institution.  Luneys Creek and the South branch of the Potomac both run through here.  the Potomac (branch) empties at Harpers Ferry  the Artillery were practicing this afternoon.  they are camp'd opposite us.  in a burying ground. the horses hitch'd to the shade trees, and lying upon the graves, in fact the majority of the graves are now level with the earth  War seems to crush out all the finer feelings of poor frail human natur tombstones are overturn'd other uproot  ed entirely.  tis a species of Vandalism, to disturb or destroy the last momentoes of even our bitterest enemies 18 raised mounds mark where sleep that number of Union Soldiers.  the latest date is June 18th 1862  they are principally Ohioans, some 7 or 8 have the name and C. the rest are simple mounds with nothing to makr their resting place.  Rebel & Union sleep side by side.  the Doc bought a Turkey, price $1.25, which was paid in brown'd Coffee at 40 cts a pound.  rations that are savd(?) we traded for other things. bought 2 lbs butter 25 cts a lb  the next question is how can we roast it, for our Christmas dinner.  we will devise some means. to morrow [p 52, book 1]

Thursday Dec.25th 62  Christmas day.  what memories cluster round the day.  how memory travels back to the last Christmas day, when the 1000s that are now in the army, were gather'd round the festive board and all was joy and happiness.  how chang'd the scene.  Chris Bauers & Wm Pyles, undertook to cook the turkey.  a council was held.  the best mode of cooking it was discussed.  when it was voted that it be boil'd for about 2 hours then roasted, which was accordingly done. they tried their hand at making stuffing which consisted of bread salt pepper the liver heart etc. chop'd up small.  twas done about 2 Ocloc when all hands sat down to dinner which we all enjoy'd the Sick in the hospital especially.  after the Turkey we had preserved cherries.  the Doc open'd a bottle of wine and all took a little (except me) not one but thought of the loved ones at home and wish'd they was with them. the first thought this morning and the last one last night, was of the Wife and children in my minds eye I could see Mag hanging up the childrens stockings, for Chris Krinkle, to deposit his usual gifts.  this morning I could see them oh so plainly sitting on the carpet in the night [p 53, book 1] clothes, reveling in the full enjoyment of cakes & candy  how I would have liked to have lookd through the window if but for 5 Minutes and have seen their smiling, gladsome faces.  Blefs them I hope it will not be long till I shall see them. [He had three children, Robert, 7, Thomas, 3, and Elizabeth, 18 months old.]

Friday Dec. 26th 62  Wrote to Mag.  the Doc started for Moorfields to hunt up the Regt.  he return'd a little after dark. he could not learn definitely where they were. he was going further but was told the road was not safe as the bushwhackers were thick on the road,  he thinks they are at Wardonsville.  there was a report that they were with Clusarett in Winchester  the fact is we can learn nothing of them.  it has produced a depressing effect in those left behind.  Carlins battery 4 guns which we left at New Creek for want of horses came up this afternoon.  the other 2 pieces came on with the Brig  Still no letter what can be the matter.

Saturday Dec. 27th 62  Chris & I got our boots mended just in time. for an hour later we got orders to join our Regt.  borrowed the ambulances from the 123d for those that were not able to walk and 8 Teams to haul the Knapsacks that had been left behind.  started about 1/2 past 3, got to Moorfields by 8.  the road for about 4 Miles follows the South branch of the Potomac.  for nearly the whole distance (along the branch) [p 54, book 1] the Scenery is the most rugged & grand I ever saw (what I hve seen in Va. before was nothing in comparison)  the rocks on both sides of the River rise to the height of 650 & 800 feet high.  trees were growing out of the crevices where no signs of earth could be seen. the River about 1 mile from Moorfield increases very much in size, almost as large as the Licking, tis beautifully clear.  we could see large items(?) at the depth of 6 & 8 feet by moonlight.  went down to the Quarters to see the Boys who arrived here about noon.  get supper with them and slept with them. they hadall a great deal to say of their late tramp  they went as far as Wardonsville 39 Miles from Petersburg they went  there to support Gen Cluseratt, in case he should need it.  they left there on double quick.  Capt Bird of the Va Cavalry brought work work that an overwhelming force would attack them next day at 10 Oclock.  they left at 8 Oclock on Thursday mor  ning.  they made 19 Miles the 1st day.  the boys stood it pretty well.  ontheir way to there 3 of the Cavalry Scouts that went a head of them were shot by bush  whackers, two of them seriously. the place where they were shot was very rugg'd the rocks hanging completely over the road almost shutting out daylight [p 55, book 1] they took about 15 prisoner and confiscated a couple of Brls of Whisky, of which some of the Boys (confiscated)considerable and got Jolly why of course they did.

Sunday Dec. 28th 62  How strange I did not know that to day was Sunday till I look'd into my journal.  So much for Soldering.  the Regt got orders to leave at 10 Oclock.  they did not get away to noon.  there is 40 Sick left  they were left in charge of Doc McCandlis of the 110th Ohio who had 50 sick of his own Regt under his care  Dr. Reamy detail'd me as Hospital Steward.  the hospital is one of the finest brick houses in the town containing 12 large rooms. it is finish'd in splendid style.  The Dispensary where I am has one day been the front parler.  twas the property of a Presbyterian Minister who was struck with the madnefs of the hour and join'd the rebels.  there are a good many fine houses in thetown and several good brick Stores  the Stores are all closed nothing to be bought or sold.  the Court house is a splendid one just finish'd. went all through it. (The 110th were quarted'd in it till they went away this afternoon)  In the Recorders & Clerks Office ever thing is just as they left it.  Writs attachments Liscences label'd  and in their respec  tive pigeon holes.  I saw marriage liscences datted 1780 Copies of the Acts of the Assembly of Va. Congressional [p 56, book 1] Globes, Law books of all kinds.  the lower rooms are now used as store rooms for forage, Corn, Oats etc. so far it has not suffered much. the fine meeting house opposite had been used as a barracks.  The seats were full of hay where the soldiershad slept the night previous.  there were several chairs among which we brought 2 of them away for the benefit of the Hospt

Monday Dec 29th62  Went the rounds with the Doc. took down the names number of room and treatment.  kept me quite busy till near dinner time.  went down to the other hospit to see 4 of our Boys who are to sick to be moved.  borrowed 1/2 a dozen Bed ticks & Pillow ticks for the use of the sickest of them at our hospt  had them stuff'd with straw the rest are lying on the boards, little or no provision could be made for them in the hurry of moving.  went through the hospitals it was until 3 weeks ago a hotel. the principal owner is in the rebel Army.  when our Army came here they took posession of it.  everything is got up in the best style with marbles tops tables Sofas Lounges etc. etc. poor sick Soldiers are lying on the most costly beds.  others in Sofas, the floors are all cover'd with the finest carpet and matting.  in fact the boys are in bully quarters.  it is about as large as the Zane House.  the building and furniture cost 27,000 dols.  the Brigade train which left here last evening was [p 57, book 1] attack'd by a Cavalry force about 5 Miles from here.  they unhitch'd 53 horses from the wagons.  took 25 prisoners and escaped throught the mountains.  Gen Millroy was not 1/4 hour ahead of the train.  a lot of Cavalry started in pursuit this morning.  they might as well stay at their posts, they will not catch them.  2 of the men who were taken escaped and came into town this afternoon. have just return'd from the (hotel) Hospt. in company with the Doc.  Dr. Gilkey of the 116th in charge inform'd us a Courier had just arrived with the intelligence that Emboden is coming towards here as fast as horses can bring him  the 11th Ohio are all the troops here, with 2 peices of cannon the cannon are to be planted one at each end of the town twould be rather a funny scrape if we were all taken prisoners as those in the hospt generally are, that is if we are defeated.  we may be woke up at midnight by the roar of cannon.  Wrote to Mag. Chris Bauers has just come in from the Artillery C. (bye the way he has been detail'd as Nurse) that told him that a squad of 6 men belonging to Co A of our Regt hadbeen captur'd and are now prisoners in Staunton  the circumstances were these.  Adam Adam  Winegarner & Wesley Cockrell ( I know his name but it excapes my memory just now) were to drunk to march with the Regt. they were [p 58, book 1] the 1st drunkern men I have seen in the Regt since we left Parkersburg, and 4 Men of their Co were detail'd to stay with them till they got sober. they were about 3 hours behind the Regt. and so were pick'd up, tis no time for strayglers now.   were are in the heart of the enemies country

Tuesday, Dec. 30, 62  Slept a little late this morning. Emboden did not visit us twas a false alarm, but all was prepared for him.  made out requisition for rations there is 82 of us in all. heard fromthe boys they are in Rominy all right and square.  telegraph communication is etablish'd between here and there.  the battery moved in the hill overlooking the town. Gen Millroy has left orders with the commander of the Post if we are attack'd here and see that we are going to be beat to shell and burn the town down, which will be done I make no doubt if we have to retreat. last nigh Oldham the Sutter pack'd up their traps andmoved their things into our yard.  the  press'd an Ox Team & 3 horse wagon.  the 3 horse wagon came in at 6 this morning. when they started for Rominy,  whether they will get there is another thing [p 59. book 1]

Wednesday Dec.31 62  Rose early this morning so that the patients could get their breakfast earlier and clean up their rooms addopting a system so that things will go on smoothly.  Dr. Chandlifs is a nice man. I like him much.  the sick are all improving.  Dr. Reamy has not return'd here.  I suppose he has gone to Columbus to attend the Legislature of which he is a member.  he has leave of absence for 90 days from the duty of War.  I am sorry he is gone.  matters ---- do not run as smoothly with me. when I join the Regt. as  they did when he was there.  he made arrangements with Dr. Houston that I am still to be retain'd .  the town looks as if it had been visited with the plague no one to be seen on the streets except a few Soldiers who are guarding Commisary Stores.  last evening I explored the attic of the hospital. I found some 100s of pamphlets and Reviews Annual Reports etc. all relating to the Presbyterian Church. mighty dry stuff to digest, (mentally) but it whiles away an idle hour. I went on to the roof.  the view from there was very fine.  I discover'd several bullet holes in it. I dug out one as a momento of Moorfields.  there are several bullet marks on the front of the house.  the Doc brought the news that Cox's forces occupy Staunton.  the troops started from Rominy at 3 O clock yesterday on their way to Winchester.  when we will joint the Regts is a question the whole [p 60, book 1] of the troops have left New Creek except the 14th Va.  there is something in the wind.

Copyright 2013 Michelle Stone/Primogenia Press.

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